Practical Reasoning and Ethical Decision / Edition 2

Practical Reasoning and Ethical Decision / Edition 2

by Robert Audi
     
 

ISBN-10: 0415364639

ISBN-13: 9780415364638

Pub. Date: 02/01/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Presenting the most comprehensive and lucid account of the topic currently available, Robert Audi's "Practical Reasoning and Ethical Decision" is essential reading for anyone interested in the role of reason in ethics or the nature of human action. The first part of the book is a detailed critical overview of the influential theories of practical reasoning found in

Overview

Presenting the most comprehensive and lucid account of the topic currently available, Robert Audi's "Practical Reasoning and Ethical Decision" is essential reading for anyone interested in the role of reason in ethics or the nature of human action. The first part of the book is a detailed critical overview of the influential theories of practical reasoning found in Aristotle, Hume and Kant, whilst the second part examines practical reasoning in the light of important topics in moral psychology - weakness of will, self-deception, rationalization and others. In the third part, Audi describes the role of moral principles in practical reasoning and clarifies the way practical reasoning underlies ethical decisions. He formulates a comprehensive set of concrete ethical principles, explains how they apply to reasoning about what to do, and shows how practical reasoning guides moral conduct.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415364638
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/01/2006
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     viii
Acknowledgments     x
Introduction     1
Historical and conceptual background: practical reasoning in Aristotle, Hume, and Kant     11
Aristotle on practical reasoning and the structure of action     13
Deliberation     13
The practical syllogism     16
Weakness of will     18
Practical and theoretical reasoning     23
The explanation of action     27
Intrinsically motivated action     28
The structure of action     30
The ultimate ground of action     32
Conclusion     34
Hume and the instrumentalist conception of practical reasoning     37
The instrumental role of reason     37
Reasoning as an element in the genesis of action     41
Reasoning conceived as essentially comparative     43
Reason, rational action, and moral judgment     45
Weakness of will and Humean internalism     48
Humean instrumentalism     50
Conclusion     53
Kant and the autonomy of practical reason     57
Practical reason in the moral sphere     57
Practical reasoning and intention in the application of the Categorical Imperative     60
The motivational and normative power of reason     64
Weakness of will and the conflict between reason and inclination     68
The unity of practical and theoretical reason     72
Conclusion     74
Practical reasoning, practical arguments, and intentional action     79
The varieties and basic elements of practical reasoning     81
The diversity of practical reasoning     82
Practical reasoning, practical argument, and means-end inference     86
Conclusions of practical reasoning     89
A cognitive-motivational conception of practical reasoning     92
Some basic schemata for representing practical reasoning     96
Practical and theoretical reasoning     99
Practical reasoning and actions for reasons     102
Practical reasoning and intentional action     105
The range of intentional action     105
The phenomenology of reasoning     106
The reconstructive role of practical arguments     110
Inferentialism and the realization of practical arguments     113
Unconscious and self-deceptive elements in practical reasoning     116
Practical reasoning and reasoned action     119
Practical reasoning in the dynamics of action      122
The need for a dynamic account     122
Practical reasoning as a causative process     124
Perceptual and motivational triggers of action     126
Causality, lawlike connections, and intentional action     128
The dynamics of incontinence     130
Causality and freedom     133
Practical reasoning, ethical decision, and rational action     137
The assessment of practical reasoning     139
The range of criteria for appraising practical reasoning     139
Some patterns of practical reasoning     140
Criteria for assessing practical reasoning     144
A Kantian distinction generalized: basis in, vs. mere conformity with, practical reasoning     145
Some applications of the criteria of assessment     148
The defeasibility of practical reasoning     150
Combination and compositionality in practical reasoning     152
Rationality and relativity     155
General principles of practical appraisal     158
The normative power of moral reasons     158
A range of substantive principles of practical reason and practical reasoning     161
Hypothetical imperatives     162
Three kinds of normative principle      164
Two kinds of inference     166
Toward sound practical principles     168
Practical reasoning and moral judgment     172
Moral judgment and moral decision     173
A framework of moral principles     176
Moral principles as constituents in practical reasoning     178
Normative hierarchies     181
Practical reasoning in ethical decisions     187
The status of moral principles     187
Sketch of a model for making difficult ethical decisions     190
Practical reason, ethical decision, and morally justified action     197
The rationality of action and the plurality of value     200
The connection between practical reasoning and rational action     200
Practical reasoning and rationalization     203
Reasoned action, action for reasons, and normative grounds     206
Aristotelian, Humean, and Kantian views of rational action     210
A pluralistic conception of rational action     213
Conclusion     217
Notes     224
Index     245

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