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The Practical Stylist / Edition 8
     

The Practical Stylist / Edition 8

by Sheridan Warner Baker
 

See All Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 032101975X

ISBN-13: 9780321019752

Pub. Date: 09/04/1997

Publisher: Pearson

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780321019752
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
09/04/1997
Pages:
277
Product dimensions:
6.41(w) x 9.22(h) x 0.46(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 The Point of It All
1(13)
WRITE FOR YOUR SHARE
1(1)
ATTITUDE
2(3)
Don't Take Yourself Too Seriously
3(1)
Consider Your Readers
4(1)
THE WRITTEN VOICE
5(4)
Make Your Writing Talk
5(2)
Establish a Firm Viewpoint
7(2)
THE POINT: ARGUMENTATION
9(3)
Plan to Rewrite
9(3)
AIMING FOR A STYLE OF YOUR OWN
12(2)
2 Making a Beginning: From Subject to Thesis
14(13)
GETTING SET
14(1)
WHAT SHALL I WRITE?
14(2)
FROM SUBJECT TO THESIS
16(1)
WHERE ESSAYS FAIL
17(1)
THE ARGUMENTATIVE EDGE
18(5)
Find Your Thesis
18(1)
Sharpen Your Thesis
19(2)
Look for the Fallacies
21(1)
Use Your Title
22(1)
SAMPLE: FROM SUBJECT TO THESIS
23(2)
USING THE THESIS IN OTHER WAYS
25(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
26(1)
3 Your Paper's Basic Structure
27(9)
ARGUMENT: BEGINNING, MIDDLE, END
27(1)
ARGUMENTATIVE TACTICS
28(1)
Arrange Your Points in Order of Increasing Interest
28(1)
ACKNOWLEDGING AND DISPOSING OF THE OPPOSITION
29(4)
RUNNING COMPARISONS POINT BY POINT
33(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
34(2)
4 Paragraphs: Beginning, Middle, End
36(17)
THE STANDARD PARAGRAPH
36(2)
Plan for the Big Paragraph
37(1)
Find a Topic Sentence
37(1)
BEGINNING PARAGRAPHS: THE FUNNEL
38(4)
State Your Thesis at the END of Your Beginning Paragraph
38(4)
MIDDLE PARAGRAPHS
42(4)
Make Your Middle Paragraphs Full, with Transitions
42(1)
Check Your Paragraphs for Clarity and Coherence
43(3)
END PARAGRAPHS: THE INVERTED FUNNEL
46(2)
Reassert Your Thesis
46(2)
THE WHOLE ESSAY
48(2)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
50(3)
5 Middle Tactics: Description, Narration, Exposition
53(23)
DESCRIPTION
53(3)
NARRATION
56(2)
EXPOSITION
58(16)
Comparison and Contrast: Run Contrasts Side by Side
59(1)
Comparison and Contrast: Illustrate by Analogy
60(1)
Comparison Versus Contrast
61(2)
Cause and Effect: Trace Back or Look Ahead
63(4)
Classification: Use the Natural Divisions
67(3)
Definition: Clear Up Your Terms
70(3)
Avoid the Pitfalls
73(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
74(2)
6 Straight and Crooked Thinking: Working with Evidence
76(15)
DEGREES OF EVIDENCE
76(4)
Write as Close to the Facts as Possible
76(2)
Believe What You Write--But Belief Needs Argument
78(1)
Handle Your Opinions with Care
79(1)
Be Even More Careful with Preferences
79(1)
ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE
80(3)
Logical Fallacies
80(1)
Cite Authorities Reasonably
80(2)
Handle Persistences as You Would Authorities
82(1)
Inspect Your Documentary Evidence
82(1)
SOME INDUCTIVE TRAPS
83(6)
Keep Your Hypothesis Hypothetical
83(1)
Use Analogies to Clarify, Not to Prove
84(1)
Look Before You Leap
85(1)
The Common Logical Fallacies: Trust Your Common Sense
86(3)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
89(2)
7 Writing Good Sentences
91(20)
THE SIMPLE SENTENCE
92(1)
Use the Simple Active Sentence, Loosely Periodic
92(1)
COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES
93(8)
Learn the Difference Between Compound and Complex Sentences
93(1)
Avoid Simple-Minded Compounds
93(1)
Try Compounding Without Conjunctions
94(1)
Learn to Subordinate
95(2)
Try for Still Closer Connections: Modify
97(4)
PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION
101(4)
Use Parallels to Strenghten Equivalent Ideas
101(1)
Watch the Paralleling of Pairs
102(1)
Learn to Use Paralleling Coordinators
102(3)
THE LONG AND SHORT OF IT
105(3)
Experiment with the Fragment
106(1)
Develop a Rhythm of Long and Short
107(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
108(3)
8 Correcting Wordy Sentences
111(13)
COUNT YOUR WORDS
111(1)
SHUN THE PASSIVE VOICE
112(2)
CHECK THE STRETCHERS
114(1)
BEWARE THE OF-AND-WHICH DISEASE
115(2)
AVOID "THE USE OF"
117(1)
BREAK THE NOUN HABIT
117(3)
AVOID EXCESSIVE DISTINCTIONS AND DEFINITIONS
120(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
121(3)
9 Words
124(15)
VOCABULARY
124(2)
Build Your Stock Systematically
124(2)
ABSTRACT AND CONCRETE
126(2)
Learn Their Powers, Separate and Combined
126(2)
DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION
128(1)
EUPHEMISM
128(1)
METAPHOR
129(3)
Bring Your Words to Life
129(3)
ALLUSION
132(1)
Illuminate the Dim with a Familiar Light
132(1)
DICTION
133(3)
Reach for Both the High and the Low
133(3)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
136(3)
10 Research
139(42)
CHOOSING YOUR SUBJECT
139(2)
Pick Something That Interests You
139(1)
Work with a Thesis
140(1)
Persuade Your Readers You Are Right
141(1)
USING THE LIBRARY
141(4)
Start with the Encyclopedias
141(1)
Next Discover Your Library's Catalog
142(1)
Try an On-Line Computer Search
142(1)
Discover the Indexes to Periodicals and Newspapers
143(2)
MAKING YOUR CARDS
145(3)
Take Brief Notes
145(1)
Take Care Against Plagiarism
146(2)
YOUR FIRST DRAFT
148(2)
Plot Your Course
148(1)
Outline More Fully for the Finished Product
149(1)
Put in Your References as You Go
149(1)
YOUR FINAL DRAFT
150(1)
Reset Your Long Quotations
150(1)
Differentiate Those Page Numbers
151(1)
THE DETAILS OF "WORKS CITED"
151(12)
Omit Unnecessary Abbreviations
160(1)
Use Only the Convenient Abbreviations
161(1)
Abbreviate Books of the Bible, Even the First Time
162(1)
Abbreviate Plays and Long Poems After First Mention
162(1)
SAMPLE RESEARCH PAPER
163(16)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
179(2)
Handbook 181(88)
I The Trouble with Grammar
182(17)
AGREEMENT: SUBJECTS AND VERBS
182(3)
ALIGNING THE VERBS
185(5)
Use the Tense That Best Expresses Your Idea
185(1)
Irregular Verbs
186(1)
Keep Your Moods in Mind
187(1)
Beware of Faulty Predication
188(1)
Don't Mix Active and Passive Voice
189(1)
AGREEMENT: PRONOUNS
190(4)
Match Your Pronouns to What They Stand For
190(1)
Use Nominative Pronouns for Nominative Functions
190(1)
Use Objective Pronouns for Objective Functions
191(1)
Use a Possessive Pronoun Before a Gerund
192(1)
Keep Your Antecedents Clear
193(1)
Give an Indefinite or General Antecedent a Singular Pronoun
193(1)
Keep Person and Number in Agreement
194(1)
MODIFIERS MISUSED AND MISPLACED
194(3)
Keep Your Adjectives and Adverbs Straight
194(1)
Make Your Comparisons Complete
195(1)
Don't Let Your Modifiers Squint
195(1)
Don't Let Your Modifiers or References Dangle
196(1)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
197(2)
II Punctuation, Spelling, Capitalization
199(33)
THE PERIOD: MARKING THE SENTENCE
199(1)
THE COMMA
200(8)
FRAGMENTS, COMMA SPLICES, AND RUN-ONS
208(4)
Beware the Comma Splice, and the Run-On
209(3)
SEMICOLON AND COLON
212(2)
PARENTHESES AND DASH
214(1)
BRACKETS
215(1)
QUOTATION MARKS AND ITALICS
216(4)
ELLIPSIS
220(1)
APOSTROPHE
221(1)
HYPHEN
222(1)
VIRGULE (SLANT, SLASH)
223(1)
SPELLING
223(4)
CAPITALIZATION
227(2)
SUGGESTIONS FOR EXERCISE
229(3)
III A Glossary of Usage
232(37)
Index 269

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