Practical Workflow for SAP: Effective Business Processes Using SAP's Webflow Engine / Edition 1

Practical Workflow for SAP: Effective Business Processes Using SAP's Webflow Engine / Edition 1

by Alan Rickayzen, Jocelyn Dart, Carsten Brennecke, Markus Schneider
     
 

ISBN-10: 159229006X

ISBN-13: 9781592290062

Pub. Date: 12/01/2002

Publisher: SAP Press

In addition to giving you in-depth knowledge of the standard features of the WebFlow Engine, this book opens up new Internet-based possibilities. It also shows you how process management fits into your organizationand helps you improve the speed, quality, and consistency of everyday business processes.You will learn how to deploy and extend SAP workflows, create your…  See more details below

Overview

In addition to giving you in-depth knowledge of the standard features of the WebFlow Engine, this book opens up new Internet-based possibilities. It also shows you how process management fits into your organizationand helps you improve the speed, quality, and consistency of everyday business processes.You will learn how to deploy and extend SAP workflows, create your own, and make your project a success. Of particular interest is the use of new technologies such as XML messaging, as well as the insight you gain into the use of workflows in mySAP.com (for example, mySAP SRM and mySAP CRM).Additional tips and tricks, checklists, guidelines for administrators, custom programs, and debugging techniques make this book an indispensable reference for everyday use.This book is also available in German: Workflow-Management mit SAP, ISBN 3-89842-190-2Key topics- Setting Up an SAP Workflow- Agent Assignment- Workflow Administration- Creating a Workflow- E-Process Interfaces- Using Forms- Custom Programs

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781592290062
Publisher:
SAP Press
Publication date:
12/01/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
541

Table of Contents

Preface from the Industry ... 17
Preface from SAP ... 21
Who Should Read This Book? ... 23Part 1 Using SAP supplied Workflows ... 271. Introduction to SAP's WebFlow Engine ... 29
... 1.1 What is SAP's WebFlow Engine? ... 29
... 1.2 Workflow or WebFlow? ... 32
... 1.3 Can I Do Without SAP's WebFlow Engine? ... 33
... 1.4 In Which Situations Should I use SAP's WebFlow Engine? ... 35
... 1.5 High-Level Overview of What Can be Achieved With SAP's WebFlow Engine ... 40
... 1.6 Brief Overview of Features ... 41
... 1.7 Summary ... 462. Requirements Gathering Strategy ... 49
... 2.1 Introduction ... 49
... 2.2 Understanding the Business Process ... 50
... 2.3 Gathering Object Data ... 57
... 2.4 Determining the Agents ... 62
... 2.5 Determining Work Item Delivery Routes ... 66
... 2.6 Confirming the Workflow Design ... 67
... 2.7 Workflow Administration ... 69
... 2.8 Planning for Production Start ... 69
... 2.9 Planning for Future Enhancements ... 703. Configuring the System ... 73
... 3.1 Quick Start: Configure SAP's WebFlow Engine in seconds ... 74
... 3.2 Workflow-Scenarios: Task S pecific Cu stomizing ... 81
... 3.3 Transport and Client Copy ... 82
... 3.4 Overview: Customizing for SAP's WebFlow Engine ... 834. Work Item Delivery ... 85
... 4.1 The Human Factor ... 85
... 4.2 Inbox Features ... 87
... 4.3 Table of Features Available in the Principle Inboxes ... 103
... 4.4 Successful Strategies for Work Item Delivery ... 104
... 4.5 Other Considerations ... 1095. Agents ... 111
... 5.1 Understanding Agent Assignment ... 112
... 5.2 Agent A ssignment Using the Or ganizational Structure ... 120
... 5.3 Agent Assignment Using Task Groups ... 126
... 5.4 Implementing and Maintaining the Structure in Practice ... 1276. Workflow Administration ... 133
... 6.1 Introduction ... 133
... 6.2 Reporting on Workflows... 134
... 6.3 Error Resolution ... 139
... 6.4 General Techniques for Resolving Runtime Errors ... 141
... 6.5 Resolving Agent Determination Errors ... 152
... 6.6 Resolving Buffering Errors (The Cinderella Principle) ... 155
... 6.7 Other Support Tools ... 158
... 6.8 Help-Desk in the Intranet ... 159
... 6.9 Day in the Life of a Workflow Administrator ... 161Part 2 Developing your own Workflows ... 1737. Creating a Workflow ... 175
... 7.1 Introduction ... 175
... 7.2 Workflow Builder Ba sics ... 176
... 7.3 Intermediate Workflow Builder (Steps, Tasks and Objects) ... 187
... 7.4 Advanced Workflow Builder-Step Definitions ... 197
... 7.5 Advanced Workflow Builder-Special Workflow Techniques ... 2068. Business Objects ... 219
... 8.1 Business Object Basics ... 220
... 8.2 Creating your own Business Object Types ... 236
... 8.3 Creating Business Object Type Components ... 241
... 8.4 Business Object Type Programming 2... 55
... 8.5 Some useful predefined Object Types ... 2709. Agent-Determination Rules ... 273
... 9.1 Determining Agents Through Rule Resolution ... 273
... 9.2 R ule Basics ... 274
... 9.3 Agent Determination Rule Resolution in the Workflow Step ... 278
... 9.4 What Happens If Rule Resolution Has No Result ... 279
... 9.5 Responsibility Rules ... 281
... 9.6 Evaluation paths as rules ... 285
... 9.7 Function Modules as Rules ... 286
... 9.8 SAP Organizational Objects as Rules ... 291
... 9.9 Other Options for Responsible Agent Assignment ... 29310. Business Interfaces ... 295
... 10.1 Introduction ... 295
... 10.2 Understanding Events ... 295
... 10.3 Defining Events ... 297
... 10.4 Raising Events from Business Applications ... 297
... 10.5 Using Events in Workflows ... 304
... 10.6 Generic Object Services ... 313
... 10.7 Starting Workflows from Messages ... 31711. E-Process Interfaces ... 319
... 11.1 Internet and Beyond ... 319
... 11.2W f-XML ... 320
... 11.3 Inside-Out: Web Services ... 329
... 11.4 Inside-Out: SAP Business Connector ... 339
... 11.5 Inside-out: Integration With Other Systems ... 340
... 11.6 Outside-in: Calling APIs to the WebFlow Engine ... 340
... 11.7 Outside-in: Wf-XML ... 340
... 11.8 E-Process Security Issues ... 341
... 11.9 Other Options for Communicating with External Systems ... 34312. Forms ... 345
... 12.1 Introduction ... 345
... 12.2 Simple Forms ... 346
... 12.3 WebForms ... 349
... 12.4 WebForms That Call an Internet Application Component ... 351
... 12.5 Native WebForms ... 352
... 12.6 PC Document Forms (Including Microsoft Word) ... 35413. Custom Programs ... 357
... 13.1 The Engine ... 357
... 13.2The Workflow APIs ... 364
... 13.3 Advanced Business Interface Techniques ... 368
... 13.4 Office Document Interfaces ... 380
... 13.5 Configuring RFC Destinations ... 38214. Advanced Diagnostics ... 383
... 14.1 The Tools of the Trade ... 383
... 14.2 The Diagnosis Logs ... 384
... 14.3 Debugging with the ABAP Debugger ... 390
... 14.4 The Diagnosis Transaction ... 391
... 14.5 An Apple a Day ... 393Part 3 Examples of the use of WebFlow in mySAP.com ... 39715. WebFlow in Enterprise Buyer Professional ... 399
... 15.1 Workflow in EBP ... 399
... 15.2 Changing Shopping Cart Approval Workflows ... 412
... 15.3 Changing Confirmation and Invoice Approvals ... 419
... 15.4 User Approval Workflows ... 420
... 15.5 Understanding the Procurement Card Reconciliation Workflow ... 420
... 15.6 Tracking Workflow Instances ... 421
... 15.7 Advanced Troubleshooting and Solutions ... 421
... 15.8 Basics of EBP Architecture from a Workflow Perspective ... 423
... 15.9 Business Object Types ... 42616. WebFlow in mySAP CRM ... 429
... 16.1 mySAP CRM and Workflow ... 429
... 16.2 Customizing ... 432
... 16.3 'Specials' of mySAP CRM ... 432
... 16.4 Using Your Own Workflows with mySAP CRM ... 43617. Setting Up an SAP-Provided R/3 Workflow ... 439
... 17.1 Introduction ... 439
... 17.2 W hat is the Business Scenario? ... 440
... 17.3 Which SAP Workflows are Involved? ... 441
... 17.4 How is the Workflow Started? ... 442
... 17.5 How Do I Activate This Scenario? ... 44218. WebFlow and ArchiveLink ... 447
... 18.1 Intelligent Organization and Distribution of Business Documents ... 447
... 18.2 What Is ArchiveLink ... 447
... 18.3 ArchiveLink Standard Scenarios ... 450
... 18.4 Business Object Types ... 453Appendix ... 455A Tips and Tricks ... 457
... A.1 Working with Wizards ... 457
... A.2 W orking with E-Mails ... 458
... A.3 Showing the Decision Maker in a Follow-On Step ... 466
... A.4 URLs in the Work Item Display ... 467
... A.5 Creating your Own User Decision Template ... 468
... A.6 Using Secondary, Before, and After Methods ... 468
... A.7 Looping Through a Multiline List ... 471
... A.8 Creating Object References Dynamically ... 472
... A.9 Deadlines Based on the Factory Calendar ... 472
... A.10 Making the Most of Modeled Deadlines ... 477B Checklists ... 479
... B.1 Gathering Requirements ... 479
... B.2 Return on Investment (ROI) ... 484
... B.3 Quality Assurance Design Review ... 488
... B.4 Verification Tests ... 493
... B.5 Quality Assurance Implementation Review ... 496
... B.6 Going Live ... 500
... B.7 Housekeeping ... 502C Step-by-Step Troubleshooting Guide ... 505
... C.1 A Workflow That Does Not Start ... 505
... C.2 A Workflow that Stops in Mid-Track ... 509
... C.3 Binding Problems with the Workflow Trace ... 514
... C.4 Why Duplicate or Multiple Workflows are Triggered ... 515
... C.5 Why an Agent Does Not Receive a Work Item ... 516
... C.6 Why the Wrong Agent Receives the Work Item ... 517
... C.7 Why the Work Item Follows the Wrong Route ... 518D Administrator's First Aid Guide ... 519
... D.1 Resolving Work Item Errors ... 519
... D.2 Resolving Workflow Instance Errors ... 523
... D.3 Finding Workflows That Appear to Have Disappeared ... 525
... D.4 Resolving Event Linkage Errors ... 525
... D.5 Resolving Internet-Specific Errors ... 529E Workflow Macros ... 531
... E.1 Macros Specific to Object Type Programs ... 531
... E.2 Macros for General Workflow Programming ... 532F SAP Workflow Training ... 535
... F.1 BC600 Workflow Introduction ... 535
... F.2 BC601 Build and Use Workflows ... 535
... F.3 BC610 Workflow Programming ... 535
... F.4 BIT603 Web Scenarios and the WebFlow Engine ... 536
... F.5 TAWF10 Workflow Academy ... 536
... F.6 Further Information ... 536G Glossary ... 537
Index ... 547

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