Charles Zastrow's exceptionally comprehensive text offers an overview of theories and skills/interventions for students entering the practice of social work. The Sixth Edition has been updated throughout with the latest research, and continues to provide a complete look at social work practice with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities. Zastrow's best-selling text gives students the theoretical and practical knowledge they need to enter practice in social work.
Zastrow covers topics such as social work values; confidentiality; principles of interviewing; contemporary theories of counseling; sexual therapy; assessment; evaluation; general systems theory; multicultural social work; working within a bureaucratic system; burnout; and the frustrations and satisfactions of being a social worker.
New edition of a text that provides the theoretical and practical knowledge needed by either graduates or undergraduates for entry levels of practice in social work. The 14 chapters cover generalist practice; social work values; confidentiality; principles of interviewing; contemporary theories of counseling; sexual therapy; social work with individuals, groups, families, organizations, cross- culturally, in the community, and within a bureaucratic system; assessment; evaluation; general systems theory; burnout; and the frustrations and satisfactions inherent in the field. Also included is information of use to professionals such as various approaches to social work practice. Updated to reflect the new CSWE educational policy and accreditation standards. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
PART I. INTRODUCTION. 1. OVERVIEW OF SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE. The Purpose of This Chapter. The History of Social Work. A Definition of Social Work. The Relationship Between Social Work and Social Welfare. Social Welfare. What Is the Profession of Social Work? Generalist Social Work Practice. Counseling as a Component of Generalist Practice. The Medical Model Versus the Ecological Model of Human Behavior. Goals of Social Work Practice. Micro, Mezzo, and Macro Practice. The Knowledge, Skills, and Values Needed for Social Work Practice. The Key Objectives of This Text. Which Intervention Strategies Should Social Workers Learn? Summary. 2. SOCIAL WORK VALUES. Value Dilemmas. Knowledge and Values. Value Dilemmas of Clients Versus Workers. Respect for the Dignity and Uniqueness of the Individual. The Client's Right to Self-Determination. Confidentiality. Ethical Dilemmas About AIDS. Other Values. Summary. PART II. SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE. 3. ASSESSMENT. The Strengths Perspective. Sources of Information. Knowledge Used in Making an Assessment. Environmental System Emphasis. Assessing Problems. A Systems Perspective: The Pincus-Minahan Model. Summary. 4. SOCIAL WORK WITH INDIVIDUALS: INTERVIEWING. Three Types of Social Work. The Place of the Interview. Opening the First Interview. Closing an Interview. Questioning. Note Taking. Tape Recording and Videotaping for Training Purposes. Summary. 5. SOCIAL WORK WITH INDIVIDUALS: COUNSELING. Counseling from the Worker's Perspective. Counseling from the Client's Perspective. Client's Reactions to Having a Personal Problem. Summary. Exercises. 6. SOCIAL WORK WITH GROUPS: TYPES OF GROUPS AND GUIDELINES FOR LEADING THEM. Types of Groups. How toStart, Lead, and Terminate Groups. Summary. 7. SOCIAL WORK WITH GROUPS: CONCEPTS AND SKILLS. Membership and Reference Groups. Models of Group Development Over Time. Task and Maintenance Roles. Leadership Theory. Social Power Bases in Groups. Personal Goals and Group Goals. Conformity. Idiosyncratic Credits. Competitive and Cooperative Groups. Controversy and Creativity. The Win-Lose Approach Versus the Problem-Solving Approach. Strategies To Resolve Conflict. Handling Disruptive Behavior. Group Size. Starting, Leading, and Ending Therapy Groups. Co-Facilitating Groups. Legal Safeguards for Group Facilitators. Summary. 8. SOCIAL WORK WITH FAMILIES. Diversity of Family Forms. Societal Functions of Families. Family Problems and the Nature of Social Work. Family Assessment. Family Therapy in Systems Perspective. Four Approaches to Family Therapy. Problem-Solving Stages. Summary. 9. SOCIAL WORK WITH ORGANIZATIONS. Models of Organizational Behavior. Liberalism Versus Conversation. Surviving in a Bureaucracy. Summary. 10. SOCIAL WORK COMMUNITY PRACTICE. Eight Models of Community Practice. Generalist Practice Skills and Macropractice. Knowledge Necessary for Macropractice. Skills for Macropractice-Group Decision-Making Skills. Public Relations Skills and Communicating with the Public. Fund Raising/Political Activity and Lobbying. Community Practice-A Problem Solving Process. Values and Macropractice. Summary. 11. EVALUATING SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE. What Is Evaluation? The Single-System Evaluation Approach. Single-System Designs. Evaluating Programs. Evaluation in a Managed Care Environment. The Ethics of Evaluation. Information Technology in Social Work Practice. Summary. 12. SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE WITH DIVERSE GROUPS. Problems and Barriers. Knowledge Needed for Cross-Cultural Work. Application of Knowledge: Techniques of Intervention. Ethnic-Sensitive Practice. Some General Observations. Macro Strategies to Promote Social and Economical Justice. Summary. 13. SPIRITUALITY IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE. Spirituality and Religion. Rationale for the Use of Spirituality in Social Work Practice. Spiritual Assessments of Clients. Spiritual Interventions with Clients. Summary. PART III. THEORIES OF COUNSELING. 14. CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY. Carl Rogers: Central Concepts. Theory of Personality Development and Psychopathology. Theory of Therapy. Evaluation. Summary. 15. BEHAVIOR THERAPY. Founders. Types of Learning Processes. Theory of Psychotherapy. Assertiveness Training. Behavior Rehearsal. Token Economics. Contingency Contracting. Systematic Desensitization. In Vivo Desensitization. Implosive Therapy. Exposure Therapy. Covert Sensitization. Aversive Techniques. Cognitive Behavior-Modification. Evaluation. Summary. 16. A FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE ON THERAPY. A History of Sex Roles and Sexism. Women's Contemporary Issues. The Feminist Perspective. Principles of Feminist Therapy. Evaluation. Summary. 17. PROMINENT SPECIFIC TREATMENT TECHNIQUES. Milieu Therapy. Psychodrama. Play Therapy. Parental Education: Parent Effectiveness Training. Crisis Intervention. Task-Centered Practice. Solution Focused Therapy. Mediation. Relaxation Approaches. Meditation. Hypnosis and Self-Hypnosis. Biofeedback. Summary. 18. REALITY THERAPY. William Glasses: Theories of Personality Development and Psychopathology. Theory of Therapy. Evaluation. Summary. 19. RATIONAL THERAPY. Albert Ellis: Theory of Personality Development and Psychopathology. Theory of Therapy. What Really Causes Psychotherapy Change? Explaining Mental Illness from a Rational Therapy Perspective. Evaluation. Summary. 20. ANALYSIS OF THERAPY APPROACHES. Comparison of Counseling Theories. Insight Versus Resolution Approaches. Is Counseling Effective? Summary. 21. SURVIVING AND ENJOYING SOCIAL WORK. Students' Common Concerns. Burnout. Enjoying Social Work and Your Life. Summary. PART IV. ADDITIONAL COUNSELING APPROACHES. 22. PSYCHOANALYSIS. Sigmund Freud. The Mind. Psychosexual Development. Psychopathological Development. Psychoanalysis. Evaluation. Summary. 23. TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS. Eric Berne: Theory of Personality Development. Theory of Psychopathology. Theory of Therapy. Evaluation. Summary. 24. NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING. NLP Defined. Representational Systems. Representational System Predicates. Eye-Accessing Cues. The Four-Tuple. Causing Change by Communicating in Metaphor. Reframing. Therapeutic Change Often Occurs Without Knowing the Cause of the Problem. Evaluation. Summary. 25. SEX COUNSELING AND THERAPY. Knowledge. Assumptions. Words. Levels of Intervention. Sex Offender Counseling. AIDS. Sexual Problems. Sex Therapy. Summary. 26. TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE VICTIMS YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS, AND THEIR FAMILIES. Sexual Abuse Defined. Sexual Abuse of Children. Protective Services for Sexually Abused Children. Therapeutic Interventions for Child Victims. Sexuality in Young Children. Therapeutic Interventions for Youthful Offenders. Caretakers Counseling Groups. Summary. APPENDIXES. A: Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers. B. Canadian Association of Social Workers' Code of Ethics. C. Suggested Counselor's Responses to Client's Statements. REFERENCES. INDEX.