Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Based Practice / Edition 1

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Written by a top scholar in the field, Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Based Practice gives essential and practical guidance on how to integrate research appraisal into evidence-based practice endeavors to ensure the best client care. This reader-friendly book presents you with the knowledge you need about various research designs and methods so that when engaging in the evidence-based practice (EBP) process, you can determine which interventions, programs, policies, and assessment tools are supported by the best evidence.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"I believe that clinicians of all experience levels would do well to read this book. While some of the topics may be familiar to recent graduates, a review of the techniques for critically assessing research can never be anything but beneficial. Rubin's use of personal examples from his own clinical work brings the area into the real world. In addition, readers should find his inclusion of synopses, key chapter concepts, and exercises useful and informative." (PsycCritiques, August 2008)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470136652
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/9/2007
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

ALLEN RUBIN, PhD, teaches in the School of Social Work at the University of Texas, Austin. He is world-renowned for his work in research methods and clinical practice and served as president of the Society of Social Work and Research from 1998-2000. He is the recipient of the Council on Social Work Education 2007 Significant Lifetime Achievement in Social Work Education Award.
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Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xix


Chapter 1 Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice 3

Emergence of Evidence-Based Practice 5

Defining Evidence-Based Practice 6

Evidence-Based Practice Is Not Restricted to Clinical Decisions 11

Developing an Evidence-Based Practice Process Outlook 11

Easier Said than Done 15

Key Chapter Concepts 16

Review Exercises 17

Additional Readings 18

Chapter 2 Steps in the EBP Process 19

Step 1: Question Formulation 19

Step 2: Evidence Search 20

An Internet Search Using Google Scholar and PsycINFO 23

Step 3: Critically Appraising Studies and Reviews 27

Step 4: Selecting and Implementing the Intervention 28

The Importance of Practice Context: A Policy Example 29

Step 5: Monitor Client Progress 32

Feasibility Constraints 32

Key Chapter Concepts 35

Review Exercises 36

Additional Readings 37

Chapter 3 Research Hierarchies 38

More Than One Type of Hierarchy for More than One Type of EBP Question 39

Qualitative and Quantitative Studies 41

Types of EBP Questions 42

Key Chapter Concepts 56

Review Exercises 57

Additional Readings 58


Chapter 4 Criteria for Inferring Effectiveness 61

Internal Validity 62

Measurement Issues 68

Statistical Chance 72

External Validity 78

Synopses of Research Studies 80

Key Chapter Concepts 82

Review Exercises 83

Additional Readings 84

Chapter 5 Critically Appraising Experiments 85

Classic Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design 86

Posttest-Only Control Group Design 89

Solomon Four-Group Design 90

Alternative Treatment Designs 92

Dismantling Designs 93

Placebo Control Group Designs 94

Experimental Demand and Experimenter Expectancies 96

Obtrusive versus Unobtrusive Observation 98

Compensatory Equalization and Compensatory Rivalry 98

Resentful Demoralization 99

Treatment Diffusion 99

Treatment Fidelity 101

Practitioner Equivalence 101

Differential Attrition 103

Synopses of Research Studies 105

Key Chapter Concepts 107

Review Exercises 108

Additional Readings 109

Chapter 6 Critically Appraising Quasi-Experiments: Nonequivalent Comparison Groups Designs 110

Nonequivalent Comparison Groups Designs 111

Additional Logical Arrangements to Control for Potential Selectivity Biases 113

Statistical Controls for Potential Selectivity Biases 118

Pilot Studies 123

Synopses of Research Studies 126

Key Chapter Concepts 128

Review Exercises 128

Additional Readings 129

Chapter 7 Critically Appraising Quasi-Experiments: Time-Series Designs and Single-Case Designs 130

Simple Time-Series Designs 131

Multiple Time-Series Designs 134

Single-Case Designs 135

Synopses of Research Studies 144

Key Chapter Concepts 148

Review Exercises 149

Additional Reading 150

Chapter 8 Critically Appraising Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 151

Advantages of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 152

Risks in Relying Exclusively on Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 154

Where to Start 154

What to Look for When Critically Appraising Systematic Reviews 155

What Distinguishes a Systematic Review from Other Types of Reviews? 161

What to Look for When Critically Appraising Meta-Analyses 162

Synopses of Research Studies 174

Key Chapter Concepts 176

Review Exercises 178

Additional Readings 178


Chapter 9 Critically Appraising Nonexperimental Quantitative Studies 181

Surveys 182

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studies 193

Case-Control Studies 195

Synopses of Research Studies 197

Key Chapter Concepts 201

Review Exercises 203

Additional Readings 203

Chapter 10 Critically Appraising Qualitative Studies 204

Qualitative Observation 205

Qualitative Interviewing 208

Qualitative Sampling 211

Grounded Theory 212

Frameworks for Appraising Qualitative Studies 213

Synopses of Research Studies 218

Key Chapter Concepts 223

Review Exercises 227

Additional Readings 228


Chapter 11 Critically Appraising and Selecting Assessment Instruments 231

Reliability 232

Validity 236

Sensitivity 241

Feasibility 244

Sample Characteristics 245

Locating Assessment Instruments 246

Synopses of Research Studies 248

Key Chapter Concepts 250

Review Exercises 252

Additional Readings 252

Chapter 12 Monitoring Client Progress 253

A Practitioner-Friendly Design 255

Feasible Assessment Techniques 258

Summary 268

Looking Ahead 270

Key Chapter Concepts 272

Review Exercises 273

Additional Reading 273

Appendix A Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 4 274

Appendix B Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 5 277

Appendix C Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 6 280

Appendix D Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 7 283

Appendix E Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 8 285

Appendix F Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 9 288

Appendix G Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 10 292

Appendix H Critical Appraisals of Study Synopses at the End of Chapter 11 295

Glossary 299

References 313

Index 319

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