Pragmatism And Human Genetic Engineering

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781581120202
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date: 12/1/1994
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

The Perfect Baby: A Pragmatic Genetics
I. The Human Genome Project 1
The Study of Human Heredity 1
Application of the Study of Human Heredity 7
Eugenics 7
The Social Context of Reproduction Before and Beyond Eugenics 13
The Human Genome Project 20
Conclusions 32
II. Incredible Hopes 35
Negative Interventions: New Genetic Diagnoses and Cures 35
A Much Better Baby 42
Political and Economic Changes 51
Keeping Supply Lines Open: The Necessity of Pragmatism 53
Conclusions 54
III. Profoundest Fears 56
Jeremy Rifkin's Algeny 56
Genetic Patriarchy 62
Hans Jonas' New Ethics 67
Playing God 72
Against Pragmatism: Leon Kass 74
Conclusions 77
IV. Toward A More Effective Plan of Action 79
The Usefulness Test 79
The Philosophical Roots of the Problem: "Applied Ethics" as Method 82
A Pragmatic Critique 86
How New a Power 88
A Biological Garden of Eden 94
Idols of the Body 102
A Pragmatic Reconstruction 110
Biology 111
Culture 118
Common Sense 123
The Perfect Baby 125
Conclusions 129
V. New Choices, Old Hopes: Healthy Babies 131
An Appropriate Goal 131
Old Pressures and New Medical Technologies 135
Fetal Surveillance and the Social Meanings of Illness 141
The Clinico-Pathological Correlation 142
Genetics, Disease, and Illness 149
Markers 151
Alleles and Causality 152
Environments and Causality 155
Genetic Causality and the Discourse of Disease 157
Alternative Emphases on Illness 159
Cultural Pressures and Genetic Choices 162
The Molecular Scalpel 174
A Variety of Options: Resituating Genetic Therapies 176
Interventions 183
The Enlargement of Pathology 195
Conclusions 195
VI. New Choices, Old Hopes: Positive Interventions 197
Healthy Babies? 199
An Appropriate Goal 207
The Danger of Biological Myopia 210
The Danger of Reasonable Choices 220
The Danger of Excessive Hopes in Parenthood 225
The Danger of Lack of Foresight 227
The Danger of Hasty Choice 232
The Danger of Pessimism 235
Recontextualizing Genetics: A Range of Interrelated Choices 237
Bibliography 239
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