The Pre-Industrial Cities and Technology Reader

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The Pre-Industrial Cities Reader is designed to be used on its own or as a companion volume to the accompanying Pre-Industrial Cities: Open University textbook, in the same series. Compiled as a reference source for students, this reader is divided into three main sections, presenting key readings on: Ancient Cities, Medieval and Early Modern Cities, and Pre-Industrial Cities in China and Africa. Among the technologies discussed are: agricaultural innovations such as the heavy plough, water transport, the medieval road revolution, the first urban public transport, aqueducts, building materials such as brick and Roman concrete, weaponry and fortifications, water clocks, street lighting, and fire-fighting. Among the cities covered are: Uruk, Babylon, Thebes, Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Baghdad, Siena, Florence, Antwerp, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Mexico City, Hangzhou, Beijing and Hankou.

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Editorial Reviews

Presents readings on ancient cities, medieval and early modern cities, and pre-industrial cities in China and Africa, exploring the social history of technology in areas such as agricultural innovations, public transport, building materials, weaponry, and fire fighting. This volume is part of a series of three textbooks and three readers on the transformation from rural to urban ways of living and how technological innovations have been shaped by politics, economics, and culture. Can be used on its own or as a companion volume to . Chant is lecturer in the history of science and technology at the Open University. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415200776
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 2/28/1999
  • Series: Cities and Technology Series
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

List of figures and tables
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 Ancient Cities 3
1 Urban Origins: a review of theories 7
2 Bricks and Brickmaking in Mud and Clay 15
3 History 18
4 Deir el-Medina 23
5 Heavy Transport in Classical Antiquity 29
6 Ancient Greek Water Supply 37
7 Lifting in Early Greek Architecture 42
8 The Organization and Supply of Roman Building 48
9 The Construction of Fortified Towns 59
10 On the Water Supply of the City of Rome 63
11 A Model of Agricultural Change 66
12 The Transformation of the Roman Suburbium 76
Pt. 2 Medieval and Early Modern Cities 87
13 Water Supply in Early Medieval Italy 91
14 From Polis to Madina: urban change in late antique and early Islamic Syria 94
15 Medieval Technology and Social Change 99
16 Fuelling the City: production and distribution of firewood and fuel in London's region, 1290-1400 104
17 Road Improvement in Thirteenth-century Pisa 120
18 Town and Hinterland in Medieval Scotland 125
19 Building Renaissance Florence: materials, techniques, organization 129
20 Repositioning the Vatican Obelisk 136
21 Urbanization in Early Modern Europe: change or continuity? 142
22 Technology and the Built Environment of the Early Modern City 145
23 A Golden Age: Innovations in Dutch Cities, 1648-1720 150
24 Fire-fighting Technology in Early Modern England 155
25 Technological Innovation in Seventeenth-century Paris 157
26 Rebuilding London after the Great Fire of 1666 163
27 Technological Change in a Traditional Society: the case of the desague in colonial Mexico 166
Pt. 3 Pre-industrial Cities in China and Africa 173
28 Building in The Book of Odes 176
29 Meanings of Walls and Gates 178
30 Water-pipes, Fountains and Clocks 187
31 Tiles, Bricks and Coal 191
32 Guilds and Property Development in Hankou 199
33 Fire Brigades and Ferries in Hankou 205
34 A Description of Hankou in 1850 214
35 Hausa Building Techniques 218
36 Building-types of the Hausa People: characteristics and formative influences 235
Pt. 4 The Sjoberg Model 245
37 The Pre-industrial City 246
38 Some Reflections on the Pre-industrial City 251
Acknowledgements 258
Index 261
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