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Pre-Modern Encyclopaedic Texts presents the proceedings of the second COMERS congress, the successor to Centres of Learning (Brill, 1995). Like its predecessor it contains in ancient, medieval and renaissance Europe and the Near East. Although the genre of encyclopaedia was defined and named only in modern times, texts that aspire to the encyclopaedic ideals of utility and comprehensiveness are found throughout recorded history. They respond to and shape ideas about the natural world, human history, and the nature and limits of human knowledge.
The present volume comprises five extended essays on the problems and opportunities facing researchers into encyclopaedic texts, and 21 research papers on specific topics. It will be of interest to a general university audience as an interdisciplinary project, as well as to specialists in the various disciplines covered.
Contributors include: Wout Jac. van Bekkem, Maaike van Berkel, Peter Binkley, Robert L. Fowler, John B. Friedman, Geert Jan van Gelder, Guy Guldentops, Hilary Kilpatrick, Juris Lidaka, Ulrich Marzolph, John North, Brian W. Ogilvie, G.J. Reinink, Vincent C. Renstrom, Bernard Ribémont, Kimberly Rivers, Bert Roest, E.C. Ronquist, Catherine Rubincam, E.L. Saak, William Schipper, Frank Trombley, Michael W. Twomey, Jan R. Veenstra, and William N. West.
Encyclopaedia: Definitions and Theoretical Questions
Robert L. Fowler - Encyclopaedias: Definitions and Theoretical Problems E.C. Ronquist - Patient and Impatient Encyclopaedism Bernard Ribémont - About the Definition of an Encyclopedic Genre in the Middle Ages Peter Binkley - Preachers' Responses to Thirteenth-century Encyclopaedism Brian W. Ogilvie - Encyclopaedism in Renaissance Botany: From Historia to Pinax
Organisation of Knowledge
Catherine Rubincam - The Organisation of Material in Graeco-Roman World Histories Hilary Kilpatrick - Cosmic Correspondences: Songs as a Starting Point for an Encyclopaedic Portrayal of Culture Kimberly Rivers - Memory, Division, and the Organisation of Knowledge in the Middle Ages Maaike van Berkel - The Attitude towards Knowledge in Mamluk Egypt: Organisation and Structure of the subhū al-a‘sha by al-Qalqashandī (1355-1418)
Jan R. Veenstra - Cataloguing Superstition: A Paradigmatic Shift in the Art of Knowing the Future
Epistemology of Encyclopaedic Knowledge
John North - Encyclopaedias and the Art of Knowing Everything Wout Jac. van Bekkum - Sailing on the Sea of Talmud: the Encyclopaedic Code of Early Jewish Exegesis Bert Roest - Compilation as Theme and Praxis in Franciscan Universal Chronicles Guy Guldentops - Henry Bate's Encyclopaedism
Cultural and Political Uses
Geert Jan van Gelder - Compleat Men, Women and Books: On Mediaeval Arabic Encyclopaedism Frank Trombley - The Taktika of Nikephoros Ouranos and Military Encyclopaedism G.J. Reinink - Communal Identity and the Systematization of Knowledge in the Syriac 'Cause of All Causes'
E.L. Saak - The Limits of Knowledge: Hélinand de Froidmont's Chronicon
William N. West - Public Knowledge at Private Parties: Vives, Jonson, and the Circulation of the Circle of Knowledge Vincent C. Renstrom - Censoring Encyclopaedic Knowledge: The Case of Sahagún and Sixteenth-century Spanish America
Reception and Transmission of Texts
Michael W. Twomey - Towards a Reception History of Western Medieval Encyclopaedias in England Before 1500
William Schipper - The Earliest Manuscripts of Rabanus Maurus' De rerum naturis
John B. Friedman - Albert the Great's Topoi of Direct Observation and his Debt to Thomas of Cantimpré
Juris Lidaka - Bartholomæus Anglicus in the Thirteenth Century Ulrich Marzolph - Medieval Knowledge in Modern Reading: A Fifteenth-Century Arabic Encyclopaedia of omni re scibili