Precedence and Arrow Networking Techniques for Construction / Edition 1

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Two important scheduling techniques for modern construction management—the precedence technique and the arrow technique—are developed and analyzed. The parallel treatment of these two applications presents a basis of theory and practice for the civil engineering student and the practicing project manager. Introduces the concept of the scheduling plan as a design process. Shows the steps for developing the list of activities as the basis for any networking technique. Gives computations for arrow and precedence diagrams. Covers practical techniques for making time-cost adjustments to early start schedules. Concludes with discussion of applications of techniques in the context of real-life projects.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471041238
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/25/1978
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 448
  • Sales rank: 1,408,089
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.99 (d)

Table of Contents


Project Breakdown.

Basic Arrow Diagraming.

Basic Precedence Diagraming.

Establishing Activity Durations.

Scheduling Computations for Arrow Networks.

Scheduling Computations for Precedence Networks.

Communicating the Schedule.

Project Control.

Time-Cost Adjustments.

Resource Leveling.

Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT).

Overlapping Networks.


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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 17, 2007

    one of the best construction scheduling books

    This book is one of the best construction scheduling books in term of quantitative analysis according review from chachrisdotcom. The book does a good job on explaining the fundamental concepts of construction scheduling and further the concept to calculation part. Every concept is presented with examples and solutions, which are very useful. The contents of the book are: 1. Introduction. This chapter gives readers background in general about construction scheduling (such as resources, network, bar chart, and schedule). 2. Project Breakdown. This chapter is about deciding, preparing and organizing information (such as level of detail, activity data and constraints). 3. Basic Arrow Diagramming (or Activity On Arrow, AOA). This chapter is all about how to construct an arrow network (activities are represented by arrow shapes). If you don't plan to do manual calculation, he might want to skip this chapter. Moreover, commercial software these days does not use arrow diagram (AOA) anymore. However, redundant link, dummy activity (which is very tricky for AOA) and how/when to use dummy activity are well explained in this chapter. 4. Basic Precedence Diagram (or Activity On Node, AON). This chapter presents how to construct Precedence Diagram (AON) and show step-by-step how to eliminate redundant link. 5. Establish Activity Durations. This chapter is 5 pages long. However, I never read it. :P 6. Scheduling Computations for Arrow Networks (AOA) and 7. for Precedence Networks (AON). These chapters focus on the calculation of both types of the networks. The author shows how to use network diagrams (drawings) and how to use table (like spreadsheet but manually calculate) to calculate activity properties (such as early start date and floats). Formula for the calculation is well explained along with many examples. In both chapters, four types of floats and their formula are presented according to the type of the network (AOA and AON). In addition, the concept of using matrix (another kind of table) to update total float (TF) and free float (FF) is presented in the chapter 7. This matrix becomes handy when manual calculations of updating TF and FF are required. (You better get familiar with this matrix if you want to study one of the unlimited resource leveling concepts called Minimum Moment Method, explained later in chapter 11) 8. Communication the Schedule. This one is more like 'How GUI of scheduling software (such as report format and bar chart) looks like 30 years ago'. Surprisingly, nothing has changed much from today software. What a shame. 9. Project Control. This chapter discusses level of control, setting target scheduling, monitoring project, evaluating and forecasting project, control period, and updating project progress. This chapter shows you what can be done in term of project management and scheduling according to the knowledge discussed in previous 8 chapters. Moreover, it also guides readers to a new topic, Time-Cost Tradeoff. 10. Time-Cost Adjustments. This chapter presents the concept and the calculation of time-cost tradeoff analysis during pre-construction phase. The idea of varying crew sizes associated with their direct costs is discussed. A good example is used to demonstrate the idea and also the application of Fondahl's technique. Besides the concept of time-cost tradeoff which is well explained, I am not a big fan of Fondahl's technique because it is very tedious, error prone, and not guarantee an optimal solution. I suggest you to read the concept and try to use EXCEL to optimizing a time-cost tradeoff problem. Moreover, the author does not discuss cash flow analysis. 11. Resource Leveling. This is one of my favorite chapters since I am so into 'resource leveling'. This chapter discusses two different types of resource leveling which are Limited Resource Allocation and Unlimited Resource Leveling. For limited resource allocation, a traditional method (very simple and used in most commerci

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