Preference, Belief, and Similarity: Selected Writings

Preference, Belief, and Similarity: Selected Writings

by Amos Tversky
     
 

ISBN-10: 026270093X

ISBN-13: 9780262700931

Pub. Date: 07/18/2000

Publisher: MIT Press

Amos Tversky (1937—1996), a towering figure in cognitive and mathematical psychology, devoted his professional life to the study of similarity,judgment, and decision making. He had a unique ability to master the technicalities of normative ideals and then to intuit and demonstrate experimentally their systematic violation due to the vagaries and consequences

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Overview

Amos Tversky (1937—1996), a towering figure in cognitive and mathematical psychology, devoted his professional life to the study of similarity,judgment, and decision making. He had a unique ability to master the technicalities of normative ideals and then to intuit and demonstrate experimentally their systematic violation due to the vagaries and consequences of human information processing. He created new areas of study and helped transform disciplines as varied as economics, law, medicine, political science, philosophy, and statistics.This book collects forty of Tversky's articles, selected by him in collaboration with the editor during the last months of Tversky's life. It is divided into three sections: Similarity, Judgment, and Preferences. The Preferences section is subdivided into Probabilistic Models of Choice, Choice under Risk and Uncertainty, and Contingent Preferences. Included are several articles written with his frequent collaborator,Nobel Prize-winning economist Daniel Kahneman.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262700931
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
07/18/2000
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Pages:
1040
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 2.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction and Biography
Sources
Similarity1
1Features of Similarity7
2Additive Similarity Trees47
3Studies of Similarity75
4Weighting Common and Distinctive Features in Perceptual and Conceptual Judgments97
5Nearest Neighbor Analysis of Psychological Spaces129
6On the Relation between Common and Distinctive Feature Models171
Judgment187
7Belief in the Law of Small Numbers193
8Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases203
9Extensional vs. Intuitive Reasoning: The Conjunction Fallacy in Probability Judgment221
10The Cold Facts about the "Hot Hand" in Basketball257
11The "Hot Hand": Statistical Reality or Cognitive Illusion?269
12The Weighing of Evidence and the Determinants of Confidence275
13On the Evaluation of Probability Judgments: Calibration, Resolution, and Monotonicity301
14Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probability329
15On the Belief That Arthritis Pain Is Related to the Weather377
16Unpacking, Repacking, and Anchoring: Advances in Support Theory383
Preference403
Probabilistic Models of Choice411
17On the Optimal Number of Alternatives at a Choice Point413
18Substitutability and Similarity in Binary Choices419
19The Intransitivity of Preferences433
20Elimination by Aspects: A Theory of Choice463
21Preference Trees493
Choice under Risk and Uncertainty547
22Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk549
23On the Elicitation of Preferences for Alternative Therapies583
24Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions593
25Contrasting Rational and Psychological Analyses of Political Choice621
26Preference and Belief: Ambiguity and Competence in Choice under Uncertainty645
27Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty673
28Thinking through Uncertainty: Nonconsequential Reasoning and Choice703
29Conflict Resolution: A Cognitive Perspective729
30Weighing Risk and Uncertainty747
31Ambiguity Aversion and Comparative Ignorance777
32A Belief-Based Account of Decision under Uncertainty795
Contingent Preferences823
33Self-Deception and the Voter's Illusion825
34Contingent Weighting in Judgment and Choice845
35Anomalies: Preference Reversals875
36Discrepancy between Medical Decisions for Individual Patients and for Groups887
37Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model895
38Endowment and Contrast in Judgments of Well-Being917
39Reason-Based Choice937
40Context-Dependence in Legal Decision Making963
Amos Tversky's Complete Bibliography995
Index1001

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