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In this anthology, Mark Raab and Terry Jones present a series of research articles that dispel lingering mythologies about California’s prehistory. They begin with the most enduring notion—that of an essentially stable, benign climate—presenting evidence that prehistoric climate flux played a significant role in culture change. From there, Raab and Jones seek to dispel the myth of California as a natural cornucopia. They show that prehistoric foragers themselves had the capacity to negatively affect their animal food supplies, and that what is often considered the premier vegetal food, the acorn, appeared much later than many suppose in the diets of native peoples.
This collection effectively summarizes the major debates surrounding California archaeology and provides a solid basis for a new, more nuanced view of the state’s prehistory.
1. The Rediscovery of California Prehistory ~ Terry L. Jones and L. Mark Raab
I. Environmental Crises and Culture Change
2. Environmental Imperatives Reconsidered, Demographic Crises in Western North America During the Medieval Climatic Anomaly ~ Terry L. Jones, et al.
II. Hunter-Gatherers in a Land of Plenty?
3. Declines in Mammalian Forging Efficiency during the Late Holocene, San Francisco Bay ~ Jack M. Broughton
4. Evolution of Marine Mammal Hunting: A View from the California and Oregon Coasts ~ William R. Hildebrandt and Terry L. Jones
5. Trans-Holocene Marine Mammal Exploitation on San Clemente Island: A Tragedy of the Commons Revisited ~ Judith F. Porcasi, Terry L. Jones and L. Mark Raab
6. Resource Intensification among Hunter-Gatherers: Acorn Economies in Prehistoric California ~ Mark E. Basgall
7. Health in Prehistoric Populations of the Santa Barbara Channel Islands ~ Patricia M. Lambert
III. One If By Land, Two If By Sea
8. Anatomically Modern Humans, Maritime Voyaging, and the Pleistocene Colonization of the Americas ~ Jon M. Erlandson
9. The Cross Creek Site and its Implications for New World Colonization ~ Terry L. Jones, et al.
IV. The Origins of Social Complexity
10. Competitive and Cooperative Responses to Climatic Instability in Coastal Southern California ~ D. J. Kennett and J. P. Kennett
11. Social Responses to Climate Change Among the Chumash Indians of South-Central California ~ John R. Johnson
V. Men, Women, and Work
12. The Possibilities of Men and Women: Gender and the California Milling Stone Horizon ~ Kelly R. McGuire and William R. Hildebrandt
13. Pounding Acorns: Women’s Production as Social and Economic Focus ~ Thomas L. Jackson
VI. Vectors of Death: Tragedy Before European Settlement
14. Serpent in Eden: Dispersal of Foreign Diseases into Pre-Mission California ~ William Preston
VII. The Fall of the Acorn Curtain
15. The Future of California Prehistory ~ Terry L. Jones and L. Mark Raab
References List of Contributors Index