Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology / Edition 6

Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology / Edition 6

by Bryan E. Bledsoe, Dwayne E. Clayden
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0131507117

ISBN-13: 9780131507111

Pub. Date: 09/10/2004

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology sets the standard for texts covering the medications and IV fluids that are used in prehospital care. This best-seller serves as a complete pharmacology text, as well as a handy reference to the most common drugs and fluids used in EMS.

Overview

Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology sets the standard for texts covering the medications and IV fluids that are used in prehospital care. This best-seller serves as a complete pharmacology text, as well as a handy reference to the most common drugs and fluids used in EMS.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131507111
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
09/10/2004
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
576
Product dimensions:
8.64(w) x 11.10(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
About the Authorsxv
Noticesxvii
Precautions on Bloodborne Pathogens and Infectious Diseasesxix
1General Information1
Objectives1
Introduction1
Drug Research and Bringing a Drug to Market5
FDA Classification of Newly Approved Drugs8
New Drug Development8
Unlabeled Uses of Drugs11
Medical Oversight11
Components of a Drug Profile17
Important Pharmacological Terminology21
Summary22
2Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics24
Objectives24
Introduction24
Pharmacology25
Pharmacokinetics25
Review of Physiology of Transport25
Pharmacodynamics34
Summary42
3Administration of Drugs45
Objectives45
Introduction46
Patient Care Using Medications46
The Medication Order46
Six Rights of Medication Administration47
General Administration Routes50
Drug Administration and Preparation52
Medical Direction53
Medical Asepsis54
Disposal of Contaminated Equipment and Sharps55
Medication Routes Used in Emergency Medicine56
Pediatric Administration Techniques60
Summary62
4Drug Dosage Calculations64
Objectives64
Introduction65
Section 1The Metric System65
Section 2Find the Ordered Dose69
Section 3Find the Units per Kilogram71
Section 4Concentration Problems73
Section 5Calculate an IV Drip76
Section 6Calculate an IV Drip Based on Patient Weight79
Section 7Milliliters per Hour to Drops per Minute80
Practice Problems81
5Fluids, Electrolytes, and Intravenous Therapy86
Objectives86
Introduction87
Fluids87
Electrolytes87
Cell Physiology89
Blood91
IV Therapy94
Insertion of Indwelling IV Catheter111
Collection of Blood Samples for Laboratory Analysis115
Blood Transfusions116
Summary117
6The Autonomic Nervous System118
Objectives118
Introduction118
The Autonomic Nervous System118
Summary128
7Drugs Used in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Emergencies130
Objectives130
Introduction131
Oxygen132
Sympathomimetics135
Sympathetic Blockers150
Antidysrhythmics157
Parasympatholytics178
Cardiac Glycosides181
Anticoagulants183
Fibrinolytics185
Alkalinizing Agents194
Cardiac Pain Management (Analgesics)196
Diuretics201
Natriuretic Peptides205
Antianginal Agents206
Antihypertensives211
Other Cardiovascular Drugs216
Summary217
8Drugs Used in the Treatment of Respiratory Emergencies220
Objectives220
Introduction221
Oxygen222
Asthma225
Neuromuscular Blockers243
Induction Agents252
Rapid-Sequence Induction258
Pharmacologically-Assisted Intubation259
Summary263
9Drugs Used in the Treatment of Metabolic-Endocrine Emergencies265
Objectives265
Introduction265
Diabetes Mellitus266
Types of Diabetes266
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Diabetic Coma)268
Hypoglycemia (Insulin Shock)269
Insulin270
Glucagon274
Thiamine277
Summary281
10Drugs Used in the Treatment of Neurological Emergencies283
Objectives283
Introduction283
Neurological Trauma283
Nontraumatic Neurological Emergencies288
Summary298
11Drugs Used in the Treatment of Obstetrical and Gynecological Emergencies301
Objectives301
Introduction301
Severe Vaginal Bleeding302
Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy303
Preterm Labor305
Summary308
12Toxicological Emergencies in Prehospital Care310
Objectives310
Introduction310
Regional Poison Centers311
Patient History311
General Approach to the Poisoned Patient312
Toxidromes313
Specific Toxic Agents Encountered in Prehospital Care314
Summary346
13Drugs Used in the Treatment of Behavioral Emergencies353
Objectives353
Introduction353
Understanding Behavioral Emergencies353
Summary365
14Drugs Used in the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Emergencies368
Objectives368
Gastrointestinal Medications368
Summary375
15Drugs Used in Pain Management376
Objectives376
Introduction376
Analgesics378
Summary388
16Weapons of Mass Destruction392
Objectives392
Introduction392
Personal Protection393
NBC Agents Overview393
Summary402
Appendix AGlossary of Street Drug Names403
Appendix BEmergency Intravenous Fluids Quick Reference Guide407
Appendix CQuick Drug Reference413
Appendix DAdult Advanced Cardiac Life Support Algorithms466
Appendix ECommon Home Prescription Drug Information477
Appendix FPediatric Drug Dosages498
Appendix GPediatric Advanced Cardiac Life Support Treatment Algorithm504
Appendix HDrug Administration Skills507
Appendix IA Guide to Herbal Supplements530
Appendix JPractice Problems Answer Key539
Index543

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