Prentice Hall Reference Guide for Professional Writing / Edition 1

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This handbook is designed to help students find quick answers to their questions about the writing required in their workplace and in the real world.

Muriel Harris was the director of the Purdue Writing Center where she worked elbow-to-elbow with students and for over twenty-five years. As she worked with students, she realized that they asked the same questions over and over. Based on her experience with thousands of students in the writing center, Muriel Harris authored this spiral-bound, tabbed and brief handbook. Her unique feature, "Compare and Correct," and "Question and Correct," allows students to find what they need to help themselves with their writing, without needing to know the terms of grammar. Muriel Harris' Prentice Hall Reference Guide is the easiest handbook for students and instructors to use.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

The inclusion of career-specific writing advice and examples are wonderful. It meets the needs of career-minded students, both in terms of educating them in the realm of academic writing and writing specifically for their chosen career-path.

Heather Marie Leger, Everglades University

I like the way the text is organized, in a logical, easy-to-follow manner. The project, overall, receives high marks from me.”

Esther Sapell Rachelson, DeVry University

“This is a book that every student at a technical school should have as a tool of the trade.”

Ben DeSure, Pittsburgh Technical Institute

“Writing for specific professional needs will enhance the career preparation for students. The author appreciates that students in specific career paths will write almost exclusively for a specific audience. Knowing this audience will be crucial to student success.”

Dale Weinbach, The Art Institutes

“PH is working hard to be relevant to our students.”

Carmen Lanning, Keiser College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131789159
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 1/13/2007
  • Series: MyCompLab Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 640
  • Product dimensions: 6.28 (w) x 7.82 (h) x 0.95 (d)

Table of Contents


Hints for Using This Book

Question and Correct & Compare and Correct

Question and Correct: Some of the Most Commonly Asked Questions About Writing

Compare and Correct

The Writing Process

1 Purposes and Audiences

a. Purpose

b. Topic

c. Thesis

d. Audience

2 Writing Processes and Strategies

a. Planning

b. Drafting

c. Organizing

d. Collaborating

e. Revising

f. Editing and Proofreading

3 Paragraphs

a. Unity

b. Coherence

c. Development

d. Introductions and Conclusions

e. Patterns of Organization

5 Visual Argument

a. Similarities and Differences between Verbal and Visual Argument

b. Reading Visual Arguments

c. Writing Visual Arguments

Public and Professional Writing

6 Public Writing

a. Public Documents

b. Résumés

7 Allied Health

a. Allied Health Careers

b. How Writing Relates to Allied Health

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in the Allied Health Field

d. Representative Writing in the Allied Haelth Field

e. Writing Tips and Strategies for Allied Health

8 AutoCAD

a. AutoCAD Careers

b. How Writing Relates to AutoCAD

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in AutoCAD
d. Representative Writing for AutoCAD

e. Writing Tips and Strategies for AutoCAD

9 Auto Technology

a. Automotive Technology Careers

b. How Writing Realtes to Automotive Careers

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in Automotive Technology

d. Representative Writing for Automotive Technology

e. Writing Tips for Automotive Technology

10 Business

a. Business Careers

b. How Writing Skills Relate to Business

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in Business

d. Represenative Writing for Business

e. Writing Tips for Business

11 Criminal Justice

a. Criminal Justice Careers

b. How Writing Skills Relate to Criminal Justice

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in Criminal Justice

d. Representative Writing for Criminal Justice Fields

e. Writing Tips and Strategies for Criminal Justice Professionals

12 Electronics

a. Careers in Electronics

b. How Writing Relates to Careers in Electronics

c. How This Handbook Can Help You in Electronics

d. Representative Writing in Electronics

e. Writing Tips and Strategies in Electronics

13 Information Technology

a. How Writing Relates to IT Careers

b. How This Handbook Can Help You in IT Careers

c. Representative Writing for IT Careers

d. Writing Tips and Strategies for IT

14 Document Design

a. Principles in Document Design

b. Visual Elements

c. Web Page Design

d. Paper Preperation

Revising Sentences for Accuracy, Clarity, and Variety

15 Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

a. Comma Splices

b. Fused or Run-On Sentences

16 Subject-Verb Agreement

a. Singular and Plural Subjects

b. Buried Subjects

c. Compound Subjects

d. Or and Either/Or in Subjects

e. Casues and Phrases as Subjects

f. Indefinites as Subjects

g. Collective Nounsa and Amounts as Subjects

h. Plural Words as Subjects

i. Titles. Company Names, Words, and Quotations as Subjects

j. Linking Verbs

k. There (is/are), Here (is/are), and It

l. Who , Which, That, and One as Subjects

17 Sentence Fragments

a. Unintentional Fragments

b. Intentional Fragments

19 Parallel Constructions

a. Parralell Structure

b. Faulty Parallelism

20 Consistency (Avoiding Shifts)

a. Shifts in Person or Number

b. Shifts in Verb Tense

c. Shifts in Tone

d. Shifts in Voice

e. Shifts in Discourse

21 Faulty Predication

22 Coordination and Subordination

a. Coordination

b. Subordination

23 Sentence Clarity

a. Moving From Known (Old) to Unknown (New) Information

b. Using Positive Instead of Negative Statements

c. Aviodin g Double Negatives

d. Using Verbs Instead of Nouns

e. Making the Intended Subject the Sentence Subject

f. Using Active Instead of Passive Voice

24 Transitions

a. Repetition of a Key Term or Phrase

b. Synonyms

c. Pronouns

d. Transitional Words and Phrases

e. Transitions in and Between Paragraphs

a. Combining Sentences

b. Adding Words

c. Changing Words, Phrases, and Clauses

26 Verbs

a. Verb Phrases

b. Verb Forms

c. Verb Tense

d. Verb Voice

e. Verb Mood

f . Modal Verbs

27 Nouns and Pronouns

a. Nouns

b. Pronouns

28 Pronoun Case and Reference

a. Pronoun Case

b. Pronoun Reference

29 Adjectives and Adverbs

a. Adjectives and Adverbs

b. A/An/The

c. Comparisons

30 Prepositions

a. Common Prepositions

b. Idiomatic Prepositions

c. Other Prepositions

31 Subjects

32 Phrases

33 Clauses

a. Independent Clauses

b. Dependent Clauses

34 Essential and Nonessential Clauses and Phrases

a. Essential Clauses and Phrases

b. Nonessential Clauses and Phrases

35 Sentences

a. Sentence Purposes

b. Sentence Structures Punctuation


36 Commas

a. Commas in Compound Sentences

b. Commas After Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses

c. Commas with Essential and Nonessential Words, Phrases, and Clauses

d. Commas in Series and Lists

e. Commas with Adjectives

f . Commas with Dates, Addresses, Geographical Names, and Numbers

g. Other Uses for Commas

h. Unnecessary Commas

37 Apostrophes

a. Apostrophes with Possessives

b. Apostrophes with Contractions

c. Apostrophes with Plurals

d. Unnecessary Apostrophes

38 Semicolons

a. Semicolons in Compound Sentences

b. Semicolons in a Series

c. Semicolons with Quotation Marks

d. Unnecessary Semicolons

39 Colons

a. Colons to Announce Elements at the End of a Sentence

b. Colons to Separate Independent Clauses

c. Colons to Announce Quotations

d. Colons in Salutations and Between Elements

e. Colons with Quotation Marks

f. Unnecessary Colons

40 Quotation Marks

a. Quotation Marks with Direct and Indirect Quotations
b. Quotation Marks for Minor Titles and Parts of Wholes
c. Quotation Marks for Words
d. Use of Other Punctuation with Quotation Marks
e. Unnecessary Quotation Marks

41 Hyphens

a. Hyphens to Divide Words
b. Hyphens to Form Compound Words
c. Hyphens to Join Word Units
d. Hyphens to Join Prefixes, Suffixes, and Letters to a Word
e. Hyphens to Avoid Ambiguity

42 End Punctuation cull

a. Periods
b. Question Marks
c. Exclamation Points

43 Other Punctuation

a. Dashes
b. Slashes
c. Parentheses
d. Brackets
e. Ellipsis (Omitted Words) Mechanics and Spelling

Mechanics and Spelling

44 Capitals

45 Abbreviations

a. Abbreviating Numbers
b. Abbreviating Titles
c. Abbreviating Place Names
d. Abbreviating Measurements
e. Abbreviating Dates
f. Abbreviating Initials Used as Names
g. Abbreviating Latin Expressions
h. Abbreviating Documentation

46 Numbers

47 Underlining/Italics

a. Underlining for Titles
b. Other Uses of Underlining

48 Spelling

a. Proofreading
b. Using Spell-Checkers
c. Some Spelling Guidelines
d. Plurals
e. Sound-Alike Words (Homonyms) Style and Word Choice

Style and Word Choice

49 Sexist Language

a. Alternatives to Man
b. Alternative Job Titles
c. Alternatives to the Male or Female Pronoun

50 Unnecessary Words

a. Conciseness

b. Clichés

c. Pretentious Language

51 Appropriate Words

a. Standard English
b. Colloquialisms, Slang, and Regionalisms
c. Levels of Formality
d. Jargon and Technical Terms
e. General and Specific Words
f. Concrete and Abstract Words
g. Denotation and Connotation
h. Offensive Language

ESL and Multilingual Writers

52 American Style in Writing

53 Verbs

a. Helping Verbs with Main Verbs

b. Two-Word (Phrasal) Verbs

c. Verbs with -ing and to + Verb Forms

54 Omitted Words

a. Verbs

b. Subjects and There or It

55 Repeated Words

a. Subjects

b. Pronouns and Adverbs

56 Count and Noncount Nouns

57 Adjectives and Adverbs

a. Placement
b. Order
c. A/An/The
d. Some/Any, Much/Many, Little/Few,Less/Fewer, Enough, No

58 Prepositions

59 Idioms


60 Finding a Topic

a. Deciding on a Purpose

b. Understanding Why Plagiarism Is Wrong

c. Deciding on a Topic

d. Narrowing the Topic

e. Formulating a Research Question

f. Formulating a Thesis

61 Searching for Information

a. Choosing Primary and Secondary Sources

b. Searching the Internet

c. Searching Libraries

d. Searching Other Sources

62 Using Web Resources

a. Web Site Bibliographic Information

b. Useful Web Sites

63 Evaluating Sources

a. Getting Started

b. Evaluating Internet Sources

c. Evaluating Bibliographic Citations

d. Evaluating Content

64 Collecting Information

a. Keeping Notes on a Computer

b. Printing and Annotating Photocopies and Printouts

c. Starting a Working Bibliography

d. Writing Notecards

65 Using Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

a. Recognizing Plagiarism

b. Summarizing Without Plagiarizing

c. Paraphrasing Without Plagiarizing

d. Using Quotation Marks to Avoid Plagiarizing

e. Using Signal Words and Phrases to Integrate Sources

66 Writing the Research Paper

a. Getting Started

b. Planning and Organizing

c. Writing a Draft

d. Reviewing the Draft

e. Revising, Editing, and Checking the Format

MLA Documentation

67 Documenting in MLAStyle

a. In-Text Citations

b. Endnotes

c. Works Cited List

d. Sample MLA-Style Research

APA, CSE and Other Documentation

68 Documenting in APA Style

a. In-Text Citations

b. Footnotes

c. References List

d. Sample APA-Style Research Paper

69 Documenting in Other Styles

a. Council of Science Editors (CSE)

b. Resources for Other Styles

Index and Glossaries.

Glossary of Usage

Glossary of Grammatical Terms


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