Preparing America's Teachers: A History / Edition 1

Preparing America's Teachers: A History / Edition 1

by James Fraser
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807747343

ISBN-13: 9780807747346

Pub. Date: 01/12/2007

Publisher: Teachers College Press

The preparation of America's teachers is among the foremost issues facing education in the United States today. In this compelling account, James W. Fraser, an eminent historian of education, takes readers through two centuries of teacher preparation to uncover its development from colonial times to current standards-based models. Fraser examines a broad array of…  See more details below

Overview

The preparation of America's teachers is among the foremost issues facing education in the United States today. In this compelling account, James W. Fraser, an eminent historian of education, takes readers through two centuries of teacher preparation to uncover its development from colonial times to current standards-based models. Fraser examines a broad array of institutional arrangements, such as more familiar "normal schools" and less well-known arrangements, including teacher institutes and high school programs in rapidly expanding cities, segregated communities, rural areas, and Indian reservations. For any reader wishing to understand how to prepare teachers and reform schools, Fraser's incisive survey provides much-needed historical grounding.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807747346
Publisher:
Teachers College Press
Publication date:
01/12/2007
Series:
Reflective History Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     1
Schooling Teachers for a New Nation, 1750-1830     10
Colleges     11
Academies     14
Home Schooling, Dame Schools, and a New Common School Teacher     19
Missionaries and Indigenous Teachers     23
Conclusion     25
Educating Women, Women as Educators, 1800-1860     27
Seminaries for Women Teachers-Troy, Ipswich, Mount Holyoke, and More     29
Preparing Women to Teach-From Individual Schools to a National Movement     35
Preparing Women to Teach-Changes in Ideology, Changes in Practice     40
The Birth of the Normal School, 1830-1870     43
Creating a New Institution: The State Normal School     45
Opening the Massachusetts Normal Schools     51
The Curriculum: What Was Taught at the Massachusetts Normal Schools     52
An Alternative Vision     55
The Slow Spread of the Normal School Model Before the Civil War     57
So Did the Normal Schools Prepare Teachers?     58
Teachers' Institutes, 1830-1920     61
The Origins of Teachers' Institutes     61
The Heyday of the Teachers' Institute     67
Teachers' Institutes, Examinations, andCertification: A Case Study     70
An Institution That Would Not Die     75
High Schools and City Normal Schools, 1830-1920     79
A Fresh Look at the Nineteenth-Century High School     79
The High School Normal Curriculum-Preparing City Teachers     83
High Schools, Gender, and the Road to Women's True Profession     87
Rural High Schools for Rural Teachers     88
Beyond High School: From City High Schools to City Normal Schools and Colleges     90
Normal Institutes, Missionary Colleges, and County Training Schools: Preparing African American Teachers in the Segregated South, 1860-1940     95
Informal Preparation in Slavery and Freedom     97
The Hampton-Tuskegee Model: Normal and Agricultural Institutes     98
Missionary Colleges and Normal Schools     103
County Training Schools     109
The Heyday of the Normal School, 1870-1920     114
Just What Was a Normal School?     114
An Institution Whose Time Had Come-Growth Between 1870 and 1920     116
Changing Admissions, Changing Curriculum, Changing Standards     118
The Search for College Status     125
How Important Were the Normal Schools in Preparing the Nation's Teachers?     131
Universities Create Departments and Schools of Education, 1870-1930     134
Colleges and Universities Have Always Prepared Teachers     136
University Chairs, Departments, and Schools of Education     139
The Growth of High Schools and the Need for High School Teachers     147
Accreditation-The Search for Order     148
Teachers Colleges Fight Back     151
Teachers for Cities, Teachers for Immigrants 1870-1940     153
Hunter College and the New York Story     154
New York Was Not Alone: Chicago, Cincinnati, Detroit     164
The Kindergarten Movement in Teacher Education     168
Every Teacher a College Graduate, 1920-1965     173
Normal Schools Become Teachers Colleges     174
Snapshot-State Teachers Colleges During the 1930-1931 Academic Year     179
The National Survey of the Education of Teachers     181
Teachers Colleges Become "Just Colleges"     184
A College Degree Becomes the Norm     188
A New Status Quo and Its Critics, 1960-1985     195
A Midcentury Consensus About the Education of Teachers?     196
The Fund for the Advancement of Education     197
The Master of Arts in Teaching Degree-An Effort to Bridge the Gap     203
The New Critics: Arthur Bestor, James D. Koerner, James Bryant Conant     207
The Power of the Status Quo     213
Preparing Teachers in the Era of A nation at Risk, 1965-2000     215
The Teacher Corps     215
The Center for Educational Renewal and a New Sense of Urgency     220
Holmes and Carnegie-What the Reports Recommended and What They Changed     223
Implementation in Massachusetts-A Case Study     226
A Crisis in Racial Diversity in the Teaching Profession     229
The Holmes Group Becomes the Holmes Partnership     230
Afterword: Teachers for a New Millennium, 2000-     233
What Matters Most-The National Commission on Teaching and America's Future     234
Regulation and Deregulation in a Conservative Ascendancy     235
Toward the Future-Clarity, Diversity, and New Tensions     239
Notes     243
For Further Reading     269
Index     275
About the Author     291

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >