Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency in California: Issues, Policy Options, and Recommendations [NOOK Book]

Overview


The California Preschool Study examined gaps in school readiness and achievement in the early grades among California children and the potential for high-quality preschool to close those gaps, the use of early care and education (ECE) services and their quality, and the system of publicly funded ECE programs for three- and four-year-olds. This analysis integrates the results from the prior studies and makes recommendations for preschool policy.
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Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency in California: Issues, Policy Options, and Recommendations

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Overview


The California Preschool Study examined gaps in school readiness and achievement in the early grades among California children and the potential for high-quality preschool to close those gaps, the use of early care and education (ECE) services and their quality, and the system of publicly funded ECE programs for three- and four-year-olds. This analysis integrates the results from the prior studies and makes recommendations for preschool policy.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780833047618
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation, The
  • Publication date: 6/15/2009
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 196
  • File size: 6 MB

Meet the Author

Lynn Karoly (PhD Economics, Yale University) is a Senior Economist at RAND. Research interests include Labor and Population, Health, and Civil Justice.
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Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures xi

Tables xiii

Summary xv

Acknowledgments xxxi

Abbreviations xxxiii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Preschool Policy Developments in the United States 3

Preschool Policy Developments in California 11

Organization of This Monograph 17

Chapter 2 Adequacy and Efficiency of Preschool Education in California 19

There Are Sizable Deficits in Student Achievement by Second and Third Grades and Even Larger Gaps for Some Groups 22

The Achievement Gaps Evident in the Early Elementary Grades Have Earlier Roots 25

High-Quality Preschool Can Improve School Readiness and Raise Student Achievement, Especially for More-Disadvantaged Students 26

Effective Preschool Programs Produce Sizable Effects on School Readiness 27

Effective Preschool Programs Sustain Early Benefits Over Time 31

Effective Preschool Programs Promote School Readiness for Students from Diverse Backgrounds 33

Preschool Participation Is the Norm, but High-Quality Preschool, with Features That Promote School Readiness, Is Not 36

Participation in Center-Based ECE Is the Norm for California Preschoolers 37

Quality Is Mixed in Center-Based Programs 38

The Children Who Could Benefit Most Are Less Likely to Participate in High-Quality Early-Learning Opportunities 42

Publicly Funded ECE Programs in California Are Not Designed to Achieve Maximum Child Development Benefits 46

The System Is Complex, with Dual Motivations 46

The System Is Not Designed to Promote or Reward Quality 49

The System Is Not Funded to Serve All Children Who Are Eligible 50

Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool for Disadvantaged Children Can Narrow the Achievement Gap 52

Analytic Approach and Assumptions53

Effects of Alternative Policy Scenarios on Achievement Levels and Gaps 59

Summary 65

Chapter 3 Design Options for State Preschool Systems 67

Access: Universal Versus Targeted Preschool Programs for One or Two years 68

Universal Versus Targeted 68

One Year or Two 74

Determining Eligibility in Targeted Programs and with Prioritization 78

Delivery: Public Providers or Mixed Delivery 79

Quality: Regulation, Measurement, and Financial Incentives 81

Infrastructure: Governance, Financing, Information Systems, and Other Supports 89

Chapter 4 Recommendations for Preschool Policy in California 93

Using Existing Resources to Create a More Efficient and Coordinated System with Appropriate Infrastructure Supports 95

Access: Ensuring That Children Who Can Benefit Most Are Served First 95

Delivery: Reduce Inefficiencies in Contracting Mechanisms and Standardize Reimbursement Structures 101

Quality: Build a Foundation for Future Investments 104

Infrastructure: Look to Evidence of Best Practices for More-Effective Support 107

Using New Resources to Expand Access and Raise Quality 111

Access: Expand First to Those Who Will Benefit Most 111

Quality: Focus on What Matters 119

Infrastructure: Address Supports Needed to Achieve Higher Quality and Expanded Access 121

Chapter 5 Conclusions 123

California Faces Shortfalls in Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency 123

Policy Options and Recommendations for Advancing Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency 126

Improving the Efficiency of Existing Resources 128

Investing New Resources to Expand Access or Raise Quality 129

Broader Implications 131

Appendix: Supplement to the Targeting Analysis in Chapter Four 135

References 147

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