Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents / Edition 2

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The Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents has been completely revised and expanded to provide the most up-to-date and extensive coverage of prejudice and racism available. The new edition of this bestselling text presents a comprehensive overview of these topics and also includes practical tools for combating prejudice development in children, adolescents, and adults.

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Editorial Reviews

Contemporary Psychology APA Review of Books of Books
"The breadth of this book is remarkable, and the authors clearly took on a daunting task to pull such a considerable range of topics into one book. As an overview of simply the scope of this social issue as well as the translation of theory into practice, Preventing Prejudice is exemplary. Adding this book to the curriculum for upper level students will clearly bring these issues to the forefront. "— Sherri P. Pataki
Patricia Arredondo
An impressive, deliberate and problem-oriented Second Edition. Prejudice has no boundaries and spares no one. Preventing Prejudice offers hope and resources to all of us, counselors, educators, and parents. We are all agents of change.
Sharon H. Bowman
Ponterotto and Pedersen’s original book was a primer embraced by professionals and parents alike. It was a call to action, pressing the reader to DO SOMETHING to effect change. The Second Edition, with Utsey as a powerful third voice, is truly a new book. The field has grown, the literature has exploded, yet racial and cultural prejudice still flourish. This new book expands our awareness of the problem. The section on the history and consequences of prejudice is thought-provoking. The introduction of the Multicultural Personality builds on literature from several fields. Finally, the authors prompt the reader to apply this new-found knowledge with age-specific exercises. With this exciting edition in hand there is no excuse to not DO SOMETHING to reduce or prevent prejudice.
Derald Wing Sue
Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition is a unique and refreshing book that tackles two of the most interrelated and problematic issues in our society: prejudice and racism. The first edition was unanimously acclaimed as a major contribution to the field and this second edition is destined to be a classic. It represents one of the most clear, concise and honest looks at the origins, manifestations, dynamics and psychological costs of prejudice and racism written thus far. One of its major strengths is the authors’ ability to relate these topics to everyday life, to speak directly to counselors, educators, and parents in meaningful ways, to ground their concepts in the research and theories of the day, and to give an uplifting message about what can be done to combat these two evils. Toward this end they provide specific suggestions and exercises that can be used by readers to combat their own biases and to help others as well. Educators wishing to help their students begin the process of confronting their own biases, parents who desire to help their children become multicultural citizens of the world, and counselors who wish to become culturally competent will find much in this book. This is truly a superb book that makes a major contribution to the field and should be read by everyone.
Thomas A. Parham
The distance between aspiring towards human affirmation on one hand, and legitimate change in the social climate of America on the other, is paved with the road called rhetoric. Like a forbidden relationship, rhetoric promises much but delivers very little. Politicians, educators, mental health professionals, and even parents use rhetoric because if protects our fragile sensibilities and disguises our prejudices, biases, and fears around issues of race, gender, class, sexual orientation, disability, and religion. Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition, helps to close the gap between those two extremes, and equips us all with a valuable and precious tool for confronting the many prejudices we often find it difficult to engage, let alone admit to ourselves. Beyond rhetoric, this text is an authentic expression and plea that challenges each of us to build alliances across demographic boundaries in order to fight an insidious social disease. Drs. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen succeed in dislodging us from our comfortable categories of intellectual, emotional, behavioral, and spiritual apathy, and invites us to transcend the amount of social disappointment and despair and strive towards a more hopeful and optimistic future.
Nadya A. Fouad
Preventing Prejudice, Second Edition, is a critical resource book for educators, counselors, and parents to learn more about how to handle prejudice, and should be required reading for all of us who work with diverse populations. I was thrilled to see the second edition, and was most impressed with the authors’ blend of scholarship and practical applications. It is a powerful book that helps us to see that we can make a difference in fighting prejudice. The authors have significantly expanded on the excellent first edition in a practical and nonjudgmental way, and most importantly, provide a concrete and proactive approach to reducing prejudice. The authors hope that by providing individuals with more knowledge and an opportunity to practice prejudice reduction, we can indeed combat prejudice in its many forms. That hope is realized by this excellent book.
Alan W. Burkard
In our culturally diverse society, educational and helping service professionals have a need to understand the complex nature of prejudice and what may contribute to the prevention or maintenance of such beliefs. This book provides invaluable information on the historical and theoretical context for the development of prejudice, and offers key insights to help professionals understand counselor, educator and parental roles in the prevention of prejudice. Furthermore, professionals will find the descriptive information on exercises, measures, and other resources (e.g., books, videos/films, organizations) essential tools in their efforts to educate and sensitize others about the varied ways in which prejudice affects our lives.
Kevin O. Cokley
Preventing Prejudice, Second Edition, is a tour de force in understanding the harmful effects of prejudice and racism on intergroup relations. Thoroughly researched and comprehensive in scope, this book offers state of the art information on the causes and consequences of racial prejudice. The authors move beyond analysis to offer practical solutions for reducing prejudice. One of the book’s unique contributions to the multicultural literature lies in the authors’ ability to simultaneously address both professional (e.g., educators and counselors) and lay (e.g., parents) audiences. Without a doubt this book is one of the most important resources that advocates for social justice and human rights can own. Preventing Prejudice should be required reading for all counselors, educators, and mental health professionals.
Madonna G. Constantine
I did not think it was possible, but the Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice is even better than the first! The authors have blessed us with a volume filled with relevant information about the causes and consequences of prejudice and discrimination, along with proactive strategies for reducing and ameliorating prejudice. Not only must individuals who are serious about preventing and eradicating prejudice read this book, but they also should ensure that it is a treasured work in their collection! The Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice is destined to be on everyone’s all-time top ten list of books in the area of prejudice reduction and social justice action.
Michael D'Andrea
Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition, is must reading for anyone who is interested in better understanding what they can do to address the complex forms of prejudice, racism, and other forms of cultural oppression that continue to exist in our contemporary society. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen have truly produced a masterpiece that highlights many practical strategies counselors, educators, and parents can do to foster a greater level of social justice and mental health in our 21st-century, culturally- and racially-diverse society. If I had to recommend one book for counselors, educators, and parents to read this year that addresses these issues, this would be it!
George V. Gushue
This book is an essential reference for people working in the fields of multiculturalism, counseling, and education. The model of prejudice that this book uses reflects the most recent scholarship on the psychological impact of race and racism. This perspective considers prejudice not as an abhorrent isolated act or tendency, but as an expression of an individual’s level of racial identity in the context of societal racism. This holistic point of view locates the individual within cultural and societal systems of which he or she is a part. Individual prejudice and societal racism are considered together, as are the cost to both to people of color and to Whites (the latter is frequently ignored). One especially valuable feature of this new edition is the emphasis on parents and educators. It opens the book to new audiences, particularly teachers and parents who have tremendous influence on the formation of the next generation. It gives added teeth to the word "preventing" in the title. To the extend that anti-racism education can be made a regular feature of elementary and high school curricula, this book may help a student address very serious issues before they become entrenched in his or her personality. So often, anti-prejudice training is remedial; this book is extraordinary because it truly focuses on prevention. In academia, we frequently lament the gap between theory, research, and practice. These authors suggest that the ideas put forward are in fact amenable to practical application and empirical validation and, in each case, they provide the means to do so.
James M. Jones
From the Foreword: Cultural diversity and multiculturalism are not just slogans, they are reality and promise. The first edition of Preventing Prejudice was a bold and important effort to address these complex problems. Its success was heralded by the prestigious award for "Outstanding Book on the Subject of Human Rights in North America." Ponterotto, Utsey and Pedersen took this outstanding work, and expanded and improved on it. Preventing Prejudice is based on theory and research. It is also based on practice and experience, and it is informed by the people it is meant to reach. What do people really think, or know or feel? Are you racist because you are white? Are you immune from racism if you are gay? Doesn’t embracing your ethnic or racial group make you prone to bias against other groups? And, therefore, isn’t advocating racial identity a threat to the very sensitive awareness of others advocated here? Are you better or worse off psychologically if you belong to multiple racial categories? And is there a personality type that supersedes and triumphs over it all? Preventing Prejudice addresses these questions and issues and many more with direct, clear and cogent ideas and instruction. The reader will not just know the answer; she will know what to do about it.
Bryan S. K. Kim
Drs. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen have put together a book that has the potential to make an important impact in our world. Representing a dramatic improvement over the award-winning first edition, the authors have written a comprehensive book on prejudice prevention based on current theories and research in psychology and education. Remarkably, although reflecting the highest degrees of scholarship, this book offers easy access to a wide range of audiences including counselors, educators, administrators, and teachers. In deed, this book is a must-read for anyone who is interested in reducing prejudice and all types of -isms (e.g., racism, heterosexism, and sexism) in our world.
Don. C. Locke
Readers of the first edition will welcome this extensively revised and expanded volume, especially the attention given to the Multicultural Personality. While retaining its foundation in racial and ethnic identity development, this work equips teachers, counselors and parents with practical skills to be deliberate and intentional in preventing prejudice. Readers with particular interest in biracial, multiracial, and gay/lesbian identity development will find this book especially helpful in addressing concerns relevant to those populations. The section on Instruments and Resources for Prejudice Prevention Work is particularly useful for professionals working in the area of prejudice prevention.
Bonnie Moradi
The Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents is a critical reference for those conducting research and training aimed to understand, reduce, and ultimately prevent prejudice. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen provide a careful review of history, definitions, theory, research, and application issues. They also add to the focus on racial and ethnic identity development by integrating theoretical and empirical developments on biracial, multiracial, and lesbian/gay identity development. Furthermore, they provide conceptual definition, elaboration, and operationalization of the concept of multicultural personality. An important and unique feature of the text is its presentation of creative exercises aimed to increase multicultural awareness and reduce prejudice in different age groups. In addition, the authors provide a rich range of resources for research and personal development including books, professional organizations, popular movies, and films as well as selected instruments to measure critical constructs in the study and prevention of prejudice. The broad scholarly scope and applicability of this text is truly impressive
Jean S. Phinney
This expanded and updated version of Preventing Prejudice provides a wealth of information about the causes, manifestations, and correlates of prejudice as well as practical suggestions for activities aimed at reducing or preventing prejudice. Integrating evidence from a wide variety of sources, it is a valuable resource for both researchers and educators.
Donald B. Pope-Davis
At a time in the field when everyone clamors to be included in the discussion about diversity and multiculturalism, Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen bring us back to our historical roots in this book. They remind us that to participate in the discourse, discerning the nature of prejudice and racism and its psychological effects on ethnic and racial groups is at our core. And, if we fail in our appreciation of this concept, then our ability to prevent prejudice becomes suspect.
Charles R. Ridley
This important book is as much about promoting human potential and dignity as it is about preventing prejudice. The ideas presented by Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen have implications for the welfare of all oppressed, disenfranchised, and marginalized people. While laying a sound conceptual and research foundation, the authors provide practical exercises and reader-friendliness for a variety of constituents.
Lisa A. Suzuki
More than a decade since the publication of the first edition of Preventing Prejudice, Drs. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen give a much needed fresh look at the complexities of prejudice that continue to plague our society. Their book highlights hands-on remedies for counselors, educators, and parents. The text provides outstanding activities and instruction on creating contexts for change. This book is a MUST READ!
Daniel T. Sciarra
Preventing Prejudice is a must read for anyone dealing with racism and monoculturalism in today’s society. Theoretically based with relevant and masterful practical application, the authors provide teachers, parents, researchers and practitioners the necessary tools to understand and fight prejudice. I especially like the application to parents in working with their children around issues of racism and prejudice.
Daya Singh Sandhu
Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition, is a courageous landmark book, in which nationally and internationally known authors have taken on a daunting challenge to combat the Hydra of Prejudice that raises its ugly heads in insidious ways in many painful "-isms." In this definitive and monumental textbook on prejudice, Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen have reaffirmed their commitment to enhance their manifesto of social justice, racial equities, and human rights through proactive approaches. At the cusp of the new millennium, when problems of color and culture lines are still causing a pervasive and destructive American Dilemma resulting in interracial hate, fears, violence, and people’s abuse, this book is a much needed and welcome addition to the field of helping professions. Through their 'tour de force' of prejudice and quintessential concepts of multicultural scholarship, these authors have created a compendium of tools, and a constellation of practical and concrete strategies that are designed to intervene and prevent the scourge of prejudice. In Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition, the authors have presented their new ideas on how to combat and prevent prejudice through a most impressive, persuasive, and systematic manner, written with rare lucidity, grace, and stunning clarity. It also demonstrates tremendous depth, perception, and insight into the issues relating to prejudice and its multiple related problems. This second edition has been expanded to include many new constructs of paramount importance from the multicultural personality, leading models of identity development, and African-Centered Psychology. Preventing Prejudice reflects a happy blending of didactic and experiential exercises. Inclusiveness and comprehensiveness are the hallmarks of this book. It is rich in detail and in many ways it is original, profound and provocative and destined to become one of the classic books and shining stars in the galaxy of multicultural counseling. This is superb, comprehensive, and an indispensable book both for the novice and the experienced mental health professionals. It will become a desk reference for many clinicians working with multicultural populations to provide fascinating insights and enlarge their understanding about the Hydra of Prejudice.
Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books - Sherri P. Pataki
"The breadth of this book is remarkable, and the authors clearly took on a daunting task to pull such a considerable range of topics into one book. As an overview of simply the scope of this social issue as well as the translation of theory into practice, Preventing Prejudice is exemplary. Adding this book to the curriculum for upper level students will clearly bring these issues to the forefront."
Reference & Research Book News
"They [the authors]have greatly expanded the examples of exercises and activities for increasing multiracial awareness and sensitivity into four chapters for elementary and middle schools, high schools, the college campus, and the wider community. Advice for parents has also been expanded, bringing the books focus beyond the first edition's emphasis on the roles of teachers and counselors."
Michael D’Andrea
Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents, Second Edition, is must reading for anyone who is interested in better understanding what they can do to address the complex forms of prejudice, racism, and other forms of cultural oppression that continue to exist in our contemporary society. Ponterotto, Utsey, and Pedersen have truly produced a masterpiece that highlights many practical strategies counselors, educators, and parents can do to foster a greater level of social justice and mental health in our 21st-century, culturally- and racially-diverse society. If I had to recommend one book for counselors, educators, and parents to read this year that addresses these issues, this would be it!
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Joe Ponterotto is Professor and Coordinator of the Counseling Psychology Program at Fordham University’s Graduate School of Education. Prior to his arrival at Fordham in 1987, he was Assistant Professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Active in APA and ACA, Joe is also the author of numerous journal articles and books and coeditor of Sage’s Handbook of Multicultural Counseling.

Shawn O. Utsey, new to the author team on this edition, is the Chair ofthe department of African American Studies, director of the Institute for African American Mental Health Research and Training, an editor of the Journal of Black Psychology, and an associate professor at Virginia Commonwealth University and is the Editor of the Journal of Black Psychology.

Paul B. Pedersen is a visiting professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Hawaii and professor emeritus at Syracuse University. He has taught at the University of Minnesota, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and for six years at universities in Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Pedersen was also on the summer school faculty at Harvard University, 1984-988 and the University of Pittsburgh “semester at sea” voyage around the world, spring 1992. International experience includes numerous consulting experiences in Asia, Australia, Africa, South America and Europe, and a Senior Fulbright award teaching at National Taiwan University 1999-2000. He has authored, co-authored or edited 40 books, 99 articles, and 72 chapters on aspects of multicultural counseling and international communication. Pedersen is a fellow in Divisions 9, 17, 45 and 52 of the American Psychological Association.

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Table of Contents

Foreword by James M. Jones
Part I. Prejudice and Racism: Prevalence and Consequences
1. Understanding Prejudice and Racism
The Problem of Hate
Purpose and Focus of This Book
Some Important Definitions
Understanding Prejudice
Understanding Racism
Chapter Summary
2. Some Historical Background on the Origins and Evolution of Racial Prejudice
Prehistoric Roots of Racial Prejudice
Origins of Modern Racial Prejudice
Evolution of Racial Prejudice
Implications for Prejudice Reduction
Chapter Summary
3. Causes and Consequences of Racial Prejudice
Racism and White Americans
Racism and the Black Experience
Chapter Summary
Part II. Racial, Biracial, Multiracial, and Lesbian and Gay Identity Development and the Multicultural Personality
4. Person of Color (Minority) Identity Development, Mental Health, and Prejudice
Erikson's and Marcia's Models of Identity Development
Hardiman's Stages of Social Identity Development
General Models of Minority Identity Development
Race- and Ethnicity-Specific Models of Minority Identity Development
Integration of Identity Models and Relationship to Mental Health and Prejudice
Summary of Research Correlates of Identity Stages
5. European American (White) Racial Identity Development, Mental Health, and Prejudice
Hardiman's White Identity Development Model
Helms' White Racial Identity Model
Ponterotto's White Racial Consciousness Development Model
Rowe, Bennett, and Atkinson's White Racial Consciousness Model
Integrative Models of White Racial Identity
Why Is White Racial Identity Development Important? What Does the Research Say?
6. Biracial, Multiracial, and Gay or Lesbian Identity Development
Biracial and Multiracial Identity Development
Models of Biracial and Multiracial Identity Development
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Development
Chapter Summary
7. Multicultural Personality Development
What Is the Multicultural Personality?
How Does the Multicultural Personality Relate to Broader Models of Personality?
Chapter Summary
Part III. Proactive Roles in Reducing Prejudice
8. Counselor Roles in Prejudice Reduction and Race Relations
Traditional Roles of the Counselor
Counselor Skills and Prejudice Prevention Work
Counselor Roles in Working With Prejudice
Chapter Summary
9. Teacher Roles in Prejudice Reduction
Teacher- and Student-Centered Strategies for Reducing Prejudice
Using Curricula and Instructional Techniques to Reduce Prejudice
Chapter Summary
10. Parent Roles in Prejudice Reduction
Children and Prejudice
Early Formation of Racial Attitudes and Preferences
How Do Parents, Peers, and Personality Influence Prejudice Levels in Children?
What Parents Can Do to Promote Tolerance in Their Children
Chapter Summary
Part IV. Practical Exercises for Multicultural Awareness and Prejudice Reduction
An Orientation to Practical Exercises for Multicultural Awareness and Prejudice Reduction
11. Race Relations in Elementary and Middle Schools
Exercise 1: The Label Game
Exercise 2: Patterns of Difference
Exercise 3: Symbols of Our Culture
Exercise 4: One Situation But Many Interpretations
Chapter Summary
12. Race Relations in High School
Exercise 5: Being Normal and Being Abnormal
Exercise 6: Stereotypes
Exercise 7: Personal Culture History
Exercise 8: Predicting the Decision of a Resource Person From the Community
Chapter Summary
13. Race Relations on the College Campus
Exercise 9: A Classroom Debate
Exercise 10: Analysis of a Newspaper Article Through Role Playing
Exercise 11: Designing a Multiethinic Simulation
Exercise 12: Lump Sum
Chapter Summary
14. Race Relations in the Community
Exercise 13: Critical Incidents
Exercise 14: The Intrapersonal Cultural Grid
Exercise 15: The Interpersonal Cultural Grid
Exercise 16: Outside "Experts "
Chapter Summary
Part V. Instruments and Resources for Prejudice Prevention Work
15. Assessments of Prejudice, Cultural Competence, Stressful Effects of Racism, Racial and Ethnic Identity, and the Multicultural Personality
Measures of Racism, Prejudice, and Homophobia
Measures of Multicultural Counseling Competence
Measures of Teachers' Multicultural Competence
Measures of the Stressful Effects of Racism
Measures of Racial and Ethnic Identity Development
Measures of the Multicultural Personality
Guidelines for Selecting Multicultural Instruments
16. A Race Awareness Resource Guide
National Organizations
Films and Videos
Popular Movies
Working With Films and Books
Chapter Summary
Appendix I: The Quick Discrimination Index (QDI)
Appendix II: Multicultural Counseling Knowledge and Awareness Scale (MCKAS)
Appendix III: Teacher Multicultural Attitude Survey (TMAS)
Appendix IV: Index of Race-Related Stress–Brief Version (IRRS-B)
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors

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