The Prevention And Control Of Delinquency

Overview

In this important classic work, one of America's foremost social scientists introduces a significant approach to the causation of delinquency and advances an all-inclusive strategy for coping with a national problem of continuing concern. MacIver shows that delinquency is caused by a complex and bewildering interplay of many factors and is not susceptible to simplistic explanations and solutions. He advances reasoned critiques of various theories regarding the causation of delinquency, while suggesting that the ...

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Overview

In this important classic work, one of America's foremost social scientists introduces a significant approach to the causation of delinquency and advances an all-inclusive strategy for coping with a national problem of continuing concern. MacIver shows that delinquency is caused by a complex and bewildering interplay of many factors and is not susceptible to simplistic explanations and solutions. He advances reasoned critiques of various theories regarding the causation of delinquency, while suggesting that the two combined factors most closely associated with delinquency—despite its increase among middle class youth—are urbanized poverty and ethnic or racial discrimination. Citing the encouraging results obtained by the establishment of "predelinquent gangs" by various organizations, he demonstrates that prevention of delinquency is far more successful than rehabilitation.

MacIver emphasizes the need for a strategy consisting of closer coordination of programs, in nation as well as city, a sustained system of group after-care, and special training for law enforcement officers and judges to enable them to deal more competently with delinquents. In particular, he calls for better educational services, increased employment opportunities, and higher qualifications and salaries for counselors.

The Prevention and Control of Delinquency, exploring an important aspect of urbanized life in instructive and absorbing detail, points the way for effective action in the various areas of delinquent behavior. It provides a concrete description of the more important devices and experiments that are now being developed and practiced. Written by an outstanding authority, this major work on the theoretical understanding, control, and cure of one of the crucial problems of our urban civilization is addressed to social scientists, organizational leaders and workers, and educators and planners in the field.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Robert M. MacIver is a distinguished citizen and much honored elder statesman of our discipline. His reflections on juvenile delinquency, its prevention and control, are therefore of special interest. This compact volume is the result of MacIver’s six-year “close-up study of the agencies in New York City concerned with juvenile delinquency,” and a subsequent broader study of the problem undertaken with the support of NIMH. The focus is on the need for outlines of “an informed, concerted, and well-directed strategy” of delinquency control…. MacIver calls for more and better research and for comprehensive planning and coordination of “antidelinquency programs.” One can hardly disagree with such noble sentiments.” —James F. Short, Jr., American Sociological Review “The writing is lucid, graceful, and balanced to a degree that delights and astonishes the reader…. The social sciences can and often are used, as MacIver uses them, to lend paternalism new coercive strength; though in the long run, they tend to balance to favor freedom.” —Edgar Z. Friedenberg, Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780202361604
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/1/2007
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.80 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert M. MacIver (1882-1970) was Lieber Professor of Political Philosophy and Sociology at Columbia University (1929-1950) and held many other academic posts, directorships and honorary degrees, and in 1962 came out of retirement to be chancellor of the New School for Social Research. Among his most important books were Social Causation and Community: A Sociological Study.

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Table of Contents


The Associated Conditions
The Statistical Picture     3
High-Delinquency and Low-Delinquency Areas     7
The Psychic Conditions     27
Leads to Causation
Statement of the Problem     41
Social-Class Theories of Delinquency     55
Conclusions on the Relation of Culture and Delinquency     66
Salient and Crucial Situations in the Causation of Delinquency     73
The Over-all Increase of Delinquency     83
Summation     90
Strategic Applications
Broad Considerations on Strategy     95
The School     104
Inclusive Neighborhood and Community Programs     124
The Police     139
The Court     148
The Custodial Institution     157
Treatment Systems     176
The Over-all Planning of Anti-Delinquency Programs     191
Notes     197
Index     207
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