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A provocative collective reflection on primatology and its relations to broader cultural, historical, and social issues, Primate Encounters brings together both scientists and those who study them to investigate precisely what kind of science primatology is.
"[A] fascinating study . . . on how and why ideas about primate society have changed. The volume consists of dialogues among scientists from different disciplines, national traditions, scientific culture, generations, standpoints, and genders. . . . A wonderful reflection on the discipline of primatology and on science in general."—Science Books and Films
"Primate Encounters should be required reading for anyone about to embark on a career in the field. But it equally valuable for its miscellany of opinions, recollections and off-the-cuff remarks, as well as for its thoughtful observations, 'outrageous ravings' and humour (from the elders in the field). It gives us a glimpse of how scientists work together to understand their place in the world."—Deborah L. Mazolillo, Times Literary Supplement
Preface Section 1: Introduction and History
1. Changing Views of Primate Society: A Situated North American Perspective - Shirley C. Strum and Linda M. Fedigan Section 2: What Do the Pioneers Say? The Advantages of Hindsight
2. A Few Particular Primates - Thelma Rowell
3. The Bad Old Days of Primatology? - Alison Jolly
4. Piltdown Man, the Father of American Field Primatology - Robert W. Sussman
5. Some Reflections on Primatology at Cambridge and the Science Studies Debate - Robert A. Hinde
6. Primate Ethology and Socioecology in the Netherlands - Jan A.R.A.M. van Hooff E-Mail Exchanges: Why study primates? Did our ideas about primate society change? How do ideas change?
Section 3: A Diversity of Primatologies: Other National Traditions
7. Traditions of the Kyoto School of Field Primatology in Japan - Hiroyuki Takasaki
8. Negotiating Science: Internationalization and Japanese Primatology - Pamela Asquith
9. Some Characteristics of Scientific Literature in Brazilian Primatology - Maria Emília Yamamoto and Anuska Irene Alencar
10. An American Primatologist Abroad in Brazil - Karen B. Strier E-mail Exchanges: Why do Westerners accept Japanese data but not theory and practice? Are there many primatologies ore one international science?
Section 4: Enlarging the Lens: Closely Related Disciplines
11. The Divergent Case of Cultural Anthropology - Naomi Quinn
12. Standpoint Matters—in Archaeology, for Example - Alison Wylie
13. Paradigms and Primates: Bateman's Principle, Passive Females, and Perspecties from Other Taxa - Zuleyma Tang-Martinez
14. Culture, Disciplinary Tradition, and the Study of Behavior: Sex, Rats, and Spotted Hyenas - Stephen E. Glickman
15. Changing Views on Imitation in Primates - Richard W. Byrne E-mail Exchanges: Did sociobiology make a difference in our ideas about primate society? Did women studying primates make a difference?
Section 5: Models of Science and Society
16. Primate Suspect: Some Varieties of Science Studies - Charis M. Thompson Cussins
17. A Well-Articulated Primatology: Reflections of a Fellow Traveler - Bruno Latour
18. Women, Gender, and Science: Some Parallels between Primatology and Developmental Biology - Evelyn Fox Keller
19. Morphing in the Order: Flexible Strategies, Feminist Science Studies, and Primate Revisions - Donna Haraway
20. Life in the Field: The Nature of Popular Culture in 1950s America - Gregg Mitman
21. Politics, Gender, and Worldly Primatology: The Goodall-Fossey Nexus - Brian E. Noble E-Mail Exchanges: The fight about science—why does it happen? Primatologists and the media—why do primatologists agonize about it?
Section 6: Reformulating the Questions
22. Science Encounters - Shirley C. Strum
23. Gender Encounters - Linda M. Fedigan Section 7: Conclusions and Implications
24. Future Encounters: The Media and Science; Gender and Science on the Periphery; The Science Wars; The Value of Primate Studies; The Future of Primates and Primate Studies; Finale: New Teams - Shirley C. Strum and Linda M. Fedigan References Contributors Index