Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria's Biodiversity Hotspot / Edition 1

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The remote Gashaka region of north-eastern Nigeria is still largely unexplored. In this premier wilderness, monkeys and apes survive in large numbers — part of a rich assemblage of wildlife at the interface between the dry sub-Saharan Guinea savannah and the moist Cameroonian highlands. Primates include the rarest chimpanzee subspecies, colobus, guenons and baboons, which thrive here despite the wet climate. The main ethnic groups — Fulani cattle herders and Hausa speaking subsistence farmers — still follow age-old traditions. Conservation challenges comprise settlements in protected areas, deforestation, annual fires, livestock grazing and hunting. Primates of Gashaka provides first-hand research accounts in conjunction with the Gashaka Primate Project, founded in 2000. Topics covers primate socioecology; genetics and phylogeography; nutritional ecology; vocal communication and cognition; ethno-botany and ethno-primatology; human subsistence strategies and conflicts with wildlife; as well as habitat surveys assessing success and failure of conservation approaches. The contributions aim for interdisciplinarity and comparative dimensions, across species and the African continent. This pioneering volume about one of the least known iconic primate habitats is of interest to primatologists, anthropologists, policy-makers and conservationists alike.

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Editorial Reviews

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“This is an important publication about a little-known and only recently explored and studied area for African primates. … It achieves the stated aim of the editors for the contributions to be of an interdisciplinary dimension from across the African continent. … sections of the book are well illustrated by figures, maps, and photographs. Each chapter is well supported by references and several chapters have useful appendices. … excellent source material and much more, for those interested in nature conservation and primates in West Africa.” (Ray Heaton, Primate Eye, June, 2012)
“The editors and authors provide a definitive summary of interdisciplinary research activities carried out at the park by the Gashaka Primate Project (GPP) over the first 10 years of the organization’s existence. … Primates of Gashaka is essential reading for anyone interested primates or biodiversity conservation in western Africa, and it is destined to become a classic reference for primatologists, biologists, anthropologists, decision-makers, and conservationists.” (Mary Katherine Gonder, The Quarterly Review of Biology Vol. 87 (4), December, 2012)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

1 Exploring and Protecting West Africa's Primates: The Gashaka Primate Project in Context Volker Sommer Caroline Ross 1

2 To Save a Wilderness: The Creation and Development of Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria Richard Barnwell 39

3 Hunters, Fire, Cattle: Conservation Challenges in Eastern Nigeria, with Special Reference to Chimpanzees Jeremiah Adanu Volker Sommer Andrew Fowler 55

4 Monkeys and Apes as Animals and Humans: Ethno-Primatology in Nigeria's Taraba Region Gilbert Nyanganji Andrew Fowler Aylin McNamara Volker Sommer 101

5 The Bush as Pharmacy and Supermarket: Mechanisms and Functions of Plant Use by Human and Non-human Primates at Gashaka Yianna Koutsioni Volker Sommer 135

6 Fulani of the Highlands: Costs and Benefits of Living in National Park Enclaves David Bennett Caroline Ross 231

7 Pan-African Voyagers: The Phylogeography of Baboons Dietmar Zinner Umaru Buba Stephen Nash Christian Roos 267

8 Crop-raiding and Commensalism in Olive Baboons: The Costs and Benefits of Living with Humans Ymke Warren James P. Higham Ann M. Maclarnon Caroline Ross 307

9 How Different Are Gashaka's Baboons? Forest and Open Country Populations Compared Caroline Ross Ymke Warren Ann M. Maclarnon James P. Higham 333

10 Keeping in Contact: Flexibility in Calls of Olive Baboons Elodie Ey Julia Fischer 361

11 Not Words but Meanings? Alarm Calling Behaviour in a Forest Guenon Kate Arnold Yvonne Pohlner Klaus Zuberbühler 385

12 Patriarchal Chimpanzees, Matriarchal Bonobos: Potential Ecological Causes of a Pan Dichotomy Volker Sommer Jan Bauer Andrew Fowler Sylvia Ortmann 417

13 Panthropology of the Fourth Chimpanzee: A Contribution to Cultural Primatology Andrew Fowler Alejandra Pascual-Garrido Umaru Buba Sandra Tranquilli Callistus Akosim Caspar Schöning Volker Sommer 451

14 Will the Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee Go Extinct? Models Derived from Intake Rates of Ape Sanctuaries Nicola Hughes Norm Rosen Neil Gretsky Volker Sommer 493

Index 525

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