Principles and Practice of American Politics: Classic and Contemporary Readings, 5th Edition / Edition 5

Principles and Practice of American Politics: Classic and Contemporary Readings, 5th Edition / Edition 5

by Samuel Kernell, Steven S. Smith
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1452226288

ISBN-13: 9781452226286

Pub. Date: 07/17/2012

Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.

This reader offers a broad scope and diversity of classic and contemporary selections -- and a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. Covers the full range of philosophical questions. Organizes readings and narrative into topical sections, each of which addresses a

Overview

This reader offers a broad scope and diversity of classic and contemporary selections -- and a narrative and format that presents difficult issues and readings in a simplified but not condescending manner. Covers the full range of philosophical questions. Organizes readings and narrative into topical sections, each of which addresses a particular facet of philosophical thought -- logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of religion, esthetics, and social/political philosophy. Represents a wide range of philosophical styles and temperaments -- from Kant, Berkeley, Hume, and Descartes to Tolstoy, Sartre and Susan Sontag.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781452226286
Publisher:
Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Publication date:
07/17/2012
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
689
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?

1. The Activity of Philosophy.

2. Philosophy and Popular Culture

READING: Stewart, Philosophical Themes in Popular Culture.

3. Philosophy's History.

4. Philosophy and the Examined Life.

READING: Socrates, In Defense of Philosophy.

Recent Developments in Philosophy.

II. THINKING ABOUT THINKING (LOGIC).

5. The Life of Reason.

6. Argument Forms.

7. Induction and the Philosophy of Science.

8. Strategies for Philosophical Argument.

READING: Thomas A. Shipka, Are You a Critical Thinker?

Recent Developments in Logic.

III. WHAT IS REAL? (METAPHYSICS).

9. Introduction to Metaphysics.

10. Appearance and Reality

READING: Plato, The Republic

11. Materialism

READING: Epicurus, First Principle of Materialism.

12. Idealism.

READING: George Berkeley, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous.

13. The Mind-Body Problem and Personal Identity

READING: Alfred C. Lent, Surviving in a Different Body

14. Freedom and Determinism: The Metaphysics of Human Agency

READING: Peter van Inwagen, The Moral Argument for Freedom

Recent Developments in Metaphysics.

IV. HOW DO WE KNOW? (EPISTEMOLOGY).

15. Introduction to Epistemology.

16. The Quest for Certainty.

READING: René Descartes, Meditations

17. Trust Your Senses.

READING: David Hume, Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding.

18. A Compromise.

READING: Immanuel Kant, Two Sources of Knowledge.

19. Knowledge and Human Practices: The Pragmatist Tradition

READINGS: William James: What Pragmatism Means

Nathaniel Goldberg: Where Does Knowledge Come From? Quine, Davidson, and Traditional Epistemology

Recent Developments in Epistemology

V. WHAT OUGHT WE TO DO? (ETHICS).

20. Introduction to Ethical Reasoning.

21. The Morality of Self-Realization.

READING: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics.

22. Morality Depends on the Consequences.

READING: John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism.

23. Morality Depends on Motives.

READING: Immanuel Kant, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals.

Recent Developments in Ethics.

VI. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.

24. Introduction to Philosophy and Religion.

25. Religion and Life's Meaning.

READING: Leo Tolstoy, A Confession.

26. Arguments for God's Existence: A Priori Arguments for God’s Existence.

READING: St. Anselm, Proslogion.

27. Arguments for God's Existence: A Posteriori Arguments for God’s Existence.

READINGS: St. Thomas Aquinas, The Five Ways.

William Paley, Natural Theology.

28. The Problem of Evil.

READING: James Petrik, Inscrutable Evil and an Infinite God.

Recent Developments in Philosophy of Religion.

VII. PHILOSOPHY OF ART (ESTHETICS).

29. Introduction to Philosophy of Art.

30. The Value of Art.

READING: H. Gene Blocker, The Esthetic Attitude.

31. Art as Ideal.

READING: Kenneth Clark, The Naked and the Nude.

32. Esthetics and Ideology.

READING: Jennifer Jeffers, The Politics of Representation: The Role of the Gaze in Pornography.

Recent Developments in Esthetics.

VIII. SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY.

33. Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy.

34. The Liberal, Secular State.

READING: John Locke, A Letter Concerning Toleration.

35. The Individual and the State.

READING: John Stuart Mill, On Liberty.

36. Human Rights

READING: H. Gene Blocker, Human Rights

37. Individual Happiness and Social Responsibility.

READING: M. Andrew Holowchak, Happiness and Justice in “Liberal” Society: Autonomy as Political Integration.

Recent Developments in Social and Political Philosophy.

IX. EASTERN THOUGHT.

38. Philosophy East and West.

39. Confucian Theories of Human Nature.

READINGS: Mencius, The Book of Mencius;

Xun Zi, The Nature of Man is Evil;

Dong Zhongshu, Man's Nature is Neither

Good Nor Evil.

40. Hindu Theories of Monism and Pluralism.

READING: Shankara, Ramanuja, and Madhva commentary on The Vedanta Sutras.

41. Buddhist Theory of Emptiness.

READING: Nagarjuna, Seventy Verses on Emptiness

Recent Developments in Eastern Thought.

Glossary of Terms.

Index.

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