1. Gaining Human Abilities. Where Do Abilities Come From? Learning and What it Achieves. How This Book is Arranged. Principles of Learning: 1. Active Mental Processing. Principles of Learning: 2. Making Meaningful Connections. Principles of Learning: 3. Repetition. Summary. 2. How Children Gain Basic Capabilities. The Beginnings of Learning. Language. Reading. The Beginnings of Numeracy. Physical Skills. Advantages and Disadvantages of Accelerated Early Learning. Compensating for Early Deprivation. Getting Prepared for School. Summary: How Children Gain Basic Capabilities. 3. People's Abilities: What Are They? What is an Ability? Are Abilities Fixed or Fluid? To What Extent are a Person's Different Abilities Independent of One Another? Do Abilities Transfer? Do Specific Abilities Depend on General Intelligence? Are Some Abilities Unchangeable? Summary. 4. The Role of Motivation. Indirect Influences on Learning: Attention, Motivation, and Study Habits. Attending. Varieties of Motivation. Good Learning and Study Habits. Summary. 5. Towards More Advanced Abilities. Applying Learning Principles: 1 & 2, Active Mental Processing and Forming Meaningful Connections. The Idea of Expertise. Gaining Exceptional Abilities. Innate Gifts and Talents. Prodigies. What is a Genius? Creativity. Summary. 6. Becoming a More Successful Learner. Being More Effective. The Value of Organising One's Time and Activities. Reading to Learn. Writing. Studying for Examinations. Summary. Glossary.