Principles of Comparative Psychology / Edition 1

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Overview

Intended primarily for upper-division undergraduate courses in comparative psychology and animal behavior, the text attempts to present a unified theoretical perspective to understand the origins of all behaviors of all animal species. The approach is based largely on the thinking of psychologists Zing-Yang Kuo and T.C. Schneirla, whose work denied single-factor hereditary control of behavior in favor of a developmental and contextual perspective. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205280148
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/28/2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 268
  • Product dimensions: 7.01 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword, Duane Rumbaugh (Georgia State University).

Preface.

Each Chapter ends with "Principles Introduced in this Chapter."

1. Introduction to the Field.
What is Comparative Psychology?
A Dynamic Systems Approach.
Factors Involved in the Genesis of Behavior Characteristics.
Phylogenetic Set.
Individual Set.
Ontogenetic Set.
Experiential Set.
Cultural Set.
Historical Context of Comparative Psychology.
Box: Clever Hans and Parsimony.
Biographical Sketches.
Science and the Study of Animal Behavior.
Box: Explanation in Science.
Evolution.
Species-Typical Behavior.
Behavioral Levels.
Development.
Learning.
Motivation.

2. Biological Foundations of Behavior.
Introduction.
Evolution of Nervous Systems.
How the Nervous System Works.
The Brain and Behavior.
Evolution and Behavior.
Genetics: The Mechanism of Evolution.
Genes.
Genes and Behavior.
Hormones and Behavior.
Other Biological Factors.
Allometry.
Biological Rhythms.
Sleep.
Sensory Processes.

3. Orientation and Locomotion.
The Problem of Orientation.
Orientation and Motivation.
Orientation and Approach/Withdrawal Theory.
Specific Stimuli for Approach and Withdrawal.
Additional Perspectives on Motivation.
Locomotion and Physical Principles.
Perception - as - Action in Locomotor Control.
Locomotor Behavior and Individual Variation.
Habitat Selection.
Homing and Migration.
The Evolution of Migration.
Spawning Migrations of Salmon.
Nesting Migration of Sea Turtles.
Homing of Pigeons.
Bird Migrations.
Cognitive Behavior as a Factor in Orientation.

4. Feeding Behavior andForaging.
Feeding Behavior across the Animal Series.
Protozoa.
Phylum Porifera.
Phylum Cnidaria.
Phylum Echinodermata.
Phylum Platyhelminthes.
Phylum Mollusca.
Phylum Arthropoda.
Box: Honey Bee Language Controversy.
Phylum Chordata, Sub Phylum Veretebrata.
Class Osteichthyes.
Class Amphibia.
Class Reptilia.
Class Aves.
Class Mammalia.
Analysis of Feeding Behavior Based on Levels of Complexity.
Formal Treatments and Simulations of Foraging Behavior.

5. Social Behavior I. Grouping Patterns, Dominance Relations, Kin Selection and Territory.
Advantages and Costs of Social Behavior.
Examples of Social Grouping Across the Animal Series.
Dominance and Submission.
Altruistic Behavior and Kin Selection.
Territoriality.

6. Social Behavior II. Communication and Social Development.
Communication.
Development of Social Behavior.
Development of Social Attachment.
Song Development in Birds.

7. Reproduction.
Asexual Reproduction and the Evolution of Sex.
Sexual Reproduction.
Species and Sexual Identification.
Courtship.
Breeding Seasons.
Mating Systems and Sexual Selection.
Monogamy.
Polygamy.
Promiscuity.
Additional Variations in Mating Systems.
Competition For and Among Mates.
A Phylogenetic Perspective on Reproductive Behavior.
Invertebrates.
Vertebrates.
Fishes.
Amphibians and Reptiles.
Birds.
Mammals/Primates.
The Evolution of Parental Behavior.
Insects.
Fishes.
Amphibia.
Reptiles.
Birds.
Mammals.

8. Predator Defense and Protective Behaviors.
Defensive Behaviors.
Inducing Predator Avoidance.
Mimicry.
Defense of Young.
Other Protective Behaviors.
Defensive Burying.
Sleep and Hibernation.
Sheltering Behavior.

9. Learning as a Process of Development.
Review of the Concept.
Levels of Learning.
Theoretical Perspectives and Comparative Psychology.
Learning and Functional Utility across the Animal Series.
General Laws and Species Variations.
Constraints and Special Preparedness.
The Shaping of Behavior by Experience.
Limits of Behavioral Variation.
The Resolution of Learning and Instinct.
Learning and the Development of Behavior.

10. Cognition and the Evolution of Language.
Animal Cognition.
Cognition and Complex Learning.
Navigation by Migrating Animals.
Self Recognition in Nonhuman Primates.
Cognition and Behavioral Levels.
The Evolution of Language.

11. Principles of Comparative Psychology.
Foundational Principles: Postulates.
The Principle of Evolution.
Correspondence of Biological and Psychological Variation.
The Principle of Multiple Causation.
The Principle of Hierarchical Levels.
Derivative Principles: Corollaries.
Species-typical Behavior.
Functionality of Behavior Characteristics.
Selective Orientation.
Motor and Locomotor Capacities.
Approach and Withdrawal.
Motivation.
Learning and Cognition.
Formal Statement of Principles.
Some Specific Deductions.
Concluding Statement.

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