Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology / Edition 2

Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology / Edition 2

by Christopher M. Palmer, Palmer, Palmer M. Palmer
     
 

ISBN-10: 1566701694

ISBN-13: 9781566701693

Pub. Date: 07/09/1996

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This second edition features new and expanded coverage of contaminant hydrogeologic investigations. It presents a practical approach to completing investigations for environmental compliance, emphasizing the use of geologic principles in assessment to move sites toward cleanup. Stressing the basics of collecting data that can withstand regulatory scrutiny and

Overview

This second edition features new and expanded coverage of contaminant hydrogeologic investigations. It presents a practical approach to completing investigations for environmental compliance, emphasizing the use of geologic principles in assessment to move sites toward cleanup. Stressing the basics of collecting data that can withstand regulatory scrutiny and achieve remediation, Principles of Contaminant Hydrogeology, Second Edition demonstrates how to solve a client's site contamination problem while maximizing cost effectiveness. It focuses on small- and medium-sized firms, for which speed, accuracy, and cost are all crucial factors in the site assessment and closure process.
Based on "real world" problems, the book takes you step-by-step through the investigation and includes client-consultant-regulator interaction, budgets, ethics, and data extrapolation for solving problems. It introduces concepts such as field logistics, drilling techniques, sampling protocols, contaminant movement, and remediation. Regulatory personnel, hydrogeological consultants, drilling contractors, remediation contractors, university instructors, and students will benefit from the wealth of information provided in this new edition.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781566701693
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/09/1996
Edition description:
2nd ed
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.37(w) x 9.53(h) x 0.78(d)

Table of Contents

Geologic Frameworks for Contaminant Hydrogeologic Investigations
Introduction
Groundwater Occurrence and Geology of Aquifers
A Brief Review of Unsaturated and Saturated Geologic Environments
Introduction to Alluvial-Filled Basins and Sedimentary Depositional Environment
A Brief Review of Groundwater Movement
Conceptual Approach to Contaminant Hydrogeologic Investigations
What is Important in Initial Site Aquifer Investigation Approach?
An Example of "Changeable" Aquifers
Contaminant Pathways - Subsurface Investigation and Monitoring Approach
Introduction
Contaminant Properties Affecting Transport
Contaminant Pathways Through the Vadose Zone
Contaminant Movement in the Aquifer
Contaminant Movement in Fractured Rock
Contaminant Movement Between Aquifers
Locating the Contaminant Plume - the Initial Approach
Overview of the Report and Data Analysis
Example Approach to a Site Investigation
Example of Modifying the Monitoring System at a Closed Landfill
Summary
Subsurface Exploration, Sampling, and Mapping
Introduction
Subsurface Exploration Program Approach
Geological Data Collection Goals
Introduction to Subsurface Drilling and Sampling
Soil Sampling Methods
Exploratory Borehole Logging
Subsurface Mapping and Strata Correlation
Example of Integrating Sampling and Drilling in a Deep Borehole
Summary
Groundwater Monitoring Well Design and Installation
Introduction
Monitoring Well Design
Example of Monitoring Well Installation into the "A" Aquifer
Monitoring Well Development
Well Completions for Different Monitoring Situations
Well Abandonment
Groundwater Monitoring Well Sampling
Introduction
Sampling Plans and Protocol
Selection of Chemical Analytical Laboratory
Monitoring Well Sampling - Prefield Sampler Preparation
Sample Bias
Example - Field Protocol for Sampling a Monitoring Well
Liquid Sampling in Vadose (Nonsaturated) Environments
Introduction to Regulatory and Legal Framework
Introduction
Overview of Federal Law
Selected State and Local Regulations
Agency Involvement and Negotiation with the Consultant
Expert Review
Summary
Introduction to General Groundwater Geochemistry
Introduction
Inorganic Composition and Quality
Regulations Establishing Drinking Water Quality Standards
Natural Contaminants
Biological Contaminants
Organic Chemical Contaminants
Analytical Laboratories
Long-Term Trends of Chemical Data Collected in Monitoring Wells
Example: Is a Low Concentration of Contaminant Actually There?
Aquifer Analysis
Introduction
Considerations Prior to the Aquifer Test
Instantaneous Discharge Test (Slug Test)
Pump Test Equipment
Review of Selected Pumping Test Data Analysis
Aquifer Testing in Fractured Rock
Computer Modeling for Groundwater Pumping and Remediation Scenarios
Possible Pumping Approaches for Contaminant Capture
Summary
Remediation and Cleanup
Introduction
Conceptual Approach to Site Cleanup
Overview of Response Actions and Cleanup Technology
Selecting Applicable Remedial Alternatives
Screening the Applicable Remedial Alternatives
Implementation of Corrective Action
Finalizing the Cleanup Plan
Example of Attaining Closure of a "Toxics" Site
Example of Soil Vapor Cleanup for Client with Limited Funds and Marginal Site Conditions
Example of a Closed-Loop Subsurface Bioremediation Groundwater Cleanup
Vadose Soil Cleanup Remediation Plan Development for a 2, 4-D Spill
References
Index

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