Principles of Ecotoxicology / Edition 3

Principles of Ecotoxicology / Edition 3

by C.H. Walker, R.M. Sibly, S.P. Hopkin, D.B. Peakall
     
 

Presenting a multidisciplinary perspective in a concise format, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition discusses the fundamental chemical and ecological nature of pollution processes while identifying the major classes of pollutants and their environmental fate. The first edition was originally created to fill the need for a textbook that covered the basic

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Overview

Presenting a multidisciplinary perspective in a concise format, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition discusses the fundamental chemical and ecological nature of pollution processes while identifying the major classes of pollutants and their environmental fate. The first edition was originally created to fill the need for a textbook that covered the basic principles of a developing and wide-ranging field and the second edition expanded on that theme. Keeping the focus on principles over practice that has made each incarnation of this textbook so popular, the third edition brings the text up to date and strengthens coverage in areas that have come to the forefront of the field.

The third edition features new material on pollutants that are receiving closer scrutiny, naturally occurring poisons, the history of chemical warfare, population risk assessment, community structure, neonicotinoids, endocrine disruption, and neurotoxicity. A new section on extrapolating from molecular interaction to the consequent population changes highlights the molecules to ecosystem approach and provides the groundwork for discussions on the employment of biomarker strategies in field studies. A major theme of the new material is how the concepts discussed can contribute to improved methods of environmental risk assessment. With updates to every chapter, this text provides essential information for students in easy to use and understandable format.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780849336355
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/28/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

POLLUTANTS AND THEIR FATE IN ECOSYSTEMS

Major Classes of Pollutant Inorganic Ions Organic Pollutants Organometallic Compounds Radioactive isotopes Gaseous Pollutants Summary Further Reading

Routes by Which Pollutants Enter Ecosystems Entry into Surface Waters Contamination of Land Discharge into the Atmosphere Quantification of Release of Pollutants Summary Further Reading

Long-Range Movements and Global Transport of Pollutants Factors Determining Movement and Distribution of Pollutants Transport in Water Transport in Air Models for Environmental Distribution of Chemicals Summary Further Reading

The Fate of Metals and Radioactive Isotopes in Contaminated Ecosystems Introduction Terrestrial Ecosystems Aquatic Systems Summary Further Reading

The Fate of Organic Pollutants in Individuals and in Ecosystems Fate within Individual Organisms Organic Pollutants in Terrestrial Ecosystems Organic Pollutants in Aquatic Ecosystems Summary Further Reading

EFFECTS OF POLLUTANTS ON INDIVIDUAL ORGANISMS Toxicity Testing General Principles Determination of the Toxicity of Mixtures Toxicity testing with Terrestrial Organisms Toxicity testing with Aquatic Organisms Risk Assessment Toxicity Testing in the Field Alternative Methods in Ecotoxicological Testing Summary Further Reading

Biochemical Effects of Pollutants Introduction Protective Biochemical Responses Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity Examples of Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity Summary Further Reading

Physiological Effects of Pollutants Introduction Effects of Pollutants at the Cellular Level Effects at the Organ Level Effects at the Whole Organism Level in Animals Effects on Plants Energy Costs of Physiological Change Summary Further Reading

Interactive Effects of Pollutants Introduction Additive Effects Potentiation of Toxicity Potentiation Due to Inhibition of Detoxification Potentiation Due to Increased Activation The Detection of Potentiation in the Field Summary Further Reading

Biomarkers Classification of Biomarkers Specificity of Biomarkers Relationship of Biomarkers to Adverse Effects Discussion of Specific Biomarkers Role of Biomarkers in Environmental Risk Assessment Summary Further Reading

In situ Biological Monitoring Introduction Community Effects (Type 1 Biomonitoring)

Bioconcentration of Pollutants (Type 2 Biomonitoring)

Effects of Pollutants (Type 3 Biomonitoring)

Genetically Based Resistance to Pollution (Type 4 Biomonitoring)

Conclusions Summary Further Reading

EFFECTS OF POLLUTANTS ON POPULATIONS AND COMMUNITIES

Changes in Numbers: Population Dynamics Population Abundance Population Growth Rate Population Growth Rate Depends on the Properties of Individual Organisms Density Dependence Identifying Which Factors are Densitivity Dependent: K-Value Analysis Interactions Between Species Field Studies: Three Case Studies Modelling the Effects of Skylarks for Risk Assessment Purposes Summary Further Reading

Evolution of Resistance to Pollution Chronic Pollution is Environmental Change The Evolutionary Process in a Constant Environment The Evolution of Resistance When There is a Mortality-Production Trade-Off Evolutionary Responses to Environmental Change Resistance is Often Monogenic Case Studies Summary Further Reading

Changes in Communities and Ecosystems Introduction Soil Processes: The Functional Approach Changes in Composition of Communities: The Structural Approach Global Processes Summary Further Reading

Extrapolating From Molecular Interactions to Consequent Effects at the Population Level Introduction The Translation of Toxic Effects Across Organizational Boundaries Biomarker Strategies Biomarkers and Environmental Risk Assessment Summary Further Readings

Biomarkers in Population Studies DDE-Induced Eggshell Thinning in Raptorial and Fish-Eating Birds Reproductive Failure of Fish-Eating Birds on the Great Lakes of North America Reproductive Failure of Molluscs Caused by Tributyl Tin Forest Spraying in Eastern Canada to Control Spruce Budworm Summary Further Reading

Appendix: Introduction to population projection matrices

Glossary Bibliography Index

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