Principles of Ecotoxicology / Edition 1

Principles of Ecotoxicology / Edition 1

by C.H. Walker, R.M. Sibly, D.B. Peakall, Steve P. Hopkin
     
 

ISBN-10: 0748402217

ISBN-13: 9780748402212

Pub. Date: 01/28/1996

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This second edition contains new data on topical subjects such as organochloride pesticides, endocrine disrupters, aquatic toxicity, industrial waste and ecotoxicity testing. The multidisciplinary nature which proved so popular in the first edition remains, combining the disciplines of chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, physiology, population ecology and population

Overview

This second edition contains new data on topical subjects such as organochloride pesticides, endocrine disrupters, aquatic toxicity, industrial waste and ecotoxicity testing. The multidisciplinary nature which proved so popular in the first edition remains, combining the disciplines of chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, physiology, population ecology and population genetics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780748402212
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/28/1996
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
321
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

POLLUTANTS AND THEIR FATE IN ECOSYSTEMS

Major Classes of Pollutant Inorganic Ions Organic Pollutants Organometallic Compounds Radioactive isotopes Gaseous Pollutants Summary Further Reading

Routes by Which Pollutants Enter Ecosystems Entry into Surface Waters Contamination of Land Discharge into the Atmosphere Quantification of Release of Pollutants Summary Further Reading

Long-Range Movements and Global Transport of Pollutants Factors Determining Movement and Distribution of Pollutants Transport in Water Transport in Air Models for Environmental Distribution of Chemicals Summary Further Reading

The Fate of Metals and Radioactive Isotopes in Contaminated Ecosystems Introduction Terrestrial Ecosystems Aquatic Systems Summary Further Reading

The Fate of Organic Pollutants in Individuals and in Ecosystems Fate within Individual Organisms Organic Pollutants in Terrestrial Ecosystems Organic Pollutants in Aquatic Ecosystems Summary Further Reading

EFFECTS OF POLLUTANTS ON INDIVIDUAL ORGANISMS Toxicity Testing General Principles Determination of the Toxicity of Mixtures Toxicity testing with Terrestrial Organisms Toxicity testing with Aquatic Organisms Risk Assessment Toxicity Testing in the Field Alternative Methods in Ecotoxicological Testing Summary Further Reading

Biochemical Effects of Pollutants Introduction Protective Biochemical Responses Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity Examples of Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity Summary Further Reading

Physiological Effects of Pollutants Introduction Effects of Pollutants at the Cellular Level Effects at the Organ Level Effects at the Whole Organism Level in Animals Effects on Plants Energy Costs of Physiological Change Summary Further Reading

Interactive Effects of Pollutants Introduction Additive Effects Potentiation of Toxicity Potentiation Due to Inhibition of Detoxification Potentiation Due to Increased Activation The Detection of Potentiation in the Field Summary Further Reading

Biomarkers Classification of Biomarkers Specificity of Biomarkers Relationship of Biomarkers to Adverse Effects Discussion of Specific Biomarkers Role of Biomarkers in Environmental Risk Assessment Summary Further Reading

In situ Biological Monitoring Introduction Community Effects (Type 1 Biomonitoring)
Bioconcentration of Pollutants (Type 2 Biomonitoring)
Effects of Pollutants (Type 3 Biomonitoring)
Genetically Based Resistance to Pollution (Type 4 Biomonitoring)
Conclusions Summary Further Reading

EFFECTS OF POLLUTANTS ON POPULATIONS AND COMMUNITIES

Changes in Numbers: Population Dynamics Population Abundance Population Growth Rate Population Growth Rate Depends on the Properties of Individual Organisms Density Dependence Identifying Which Factors are Densitivity Dependent: K-Value Analysis Interactions Between Species Field Studies: Three Case Studies Modelling the Effects of Skylarks for Risk Assessment Purposes Summary Further Reading

Evolution of Resistance to Pollution Chronic Pollution is Environmental Change The Evolutionary Process in a Constant Environment The Evolution of Resistance When There is a Mortality-Production Trade-Off Evolutionary Responses to Environmental Change Resistance is Often Monogenic Case Studies Summary Further Reading

Changes in Communities and Ecosystems Introduction Soil Processes: The Functional Approach Changes in Composition of Communities: The Structural Approach Global Processes Summary Further Reading

Extrapolating From Molecular Interactions to Consequent Effects at the Population Level Introduction The Translation of Toxic Effects Across Organizational Boundaries Biomarker Strategies Biomarkers and Environmental Risk Assessment Summary Further Readings

Biomarkers in Population Studies DDE-Induced Eggshell Thinning in Raptorial and Fish-Eating Birds Reproductive Failure of Fish-Eating Birds on the Great Lakes of North America Reproductive Failure of Molluscs Caused by Tributyl Tin Forest Spraying in Eastern Canada to Control Spruce Budworm Summary Further Reading

Appendix: Introduction to population projection matrices

Glossary Bibliography Index

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