Principles of English Stress

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Overview

In this provocative work, Luigi Burzio argues that many common assumptions within stress theory, and phonological theory more generally, are in fact rather arbitrary. He proposes radical departures from recent tradition. In Part I he analyzes stress in the underived English lexicon, arguing that the basic accentual groups or feet are not monosyllabic or bisyllabic, as often assumed, but rather bisyllabic or trisyllabic. This analysis brings significant simplifications to other recent theorizing, including the elimination of standard extrametrically and all rules destressing. In Part II Professor Burzio deals with morphologically complex words, and argues that various phenomena of stress presevation, including the apparent stress neutrality of a class of affixes, are all predictable reflexes of a single principle of Metrical Consistency. In addition to a superior account of stress, the proposed metrical theory yields a unitary account of a wide spectrum of vowel-length alternations, in an overall conception of phonology which is modular, like that of comtemporary syntax. The book makes a major theoretical contribution to the analysis of English word stress and to phonological theory.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The ideas explored in Principles of English Stress are highly original, the analysis is remarkably comprehensive, the arguments are lucidly presented and will surely prompt a serious reconsideration of many central tenets of metrical stress theory." Michael Kenstowicz, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521023801
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 11/17/2005
  • Series: Cambridge Studies in Linguistics Series , #72
  • Pages: 388
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1 General introduction: overview and caveats 1
Pt. I The stress of underived items 15
2 Null vowels and extrametricality 19
3 The stress pattern of English 43
4 Stress without destressing and vowel reduction 94
5 Stress and vowel length 127
Pt. II Stress and word-formation 165
6 Weak preservation 169
7 The range of stress-"placing" suffixes 199
8 Strong preservation 229
9 The range of neutral suffixes 255
10 Extensions and refinements 312
References 357
Subject index 363
Index of names 369
Index of languages 371
Index of suffixes 372
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