Principles of Environmental Physics / Edition 3

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Overview

Principles of Environmental Physics provides a basis for understanding the complex responses of plants and animals to environmental change, and guides the reader with clear explanations and analysis of interactions between organisms and their physical environment. This third edition of Principles of Environmental Physics introduces contemporary aspects of the subject that have evolved since the publication of the second edition, for example, increased awareness of the ability of human activity to modify atmospheric properties and change weather and climate.

New and updated features include: Expanded sections on influences of greenhouse gas emissions and aerosols on radiation at the ground, including direct and indirect effects of aerosols, New topics such as the Antarctic ozone hole, ammonia deposition, interception of precipitation by foliage, properties of breathable fabrics and animal coats, Principles of particle transport and deposition, including new examples in plant pathology and animal inhalation, Expanded material on the heat balance of domestic and wild animals and humans, Extensively revised discussion of principles and recent progress in applying micrometeorology to study carbon and water budgets of crops and forests, New 16-plate color section, Many worked examples in the text, and a "problem" section at the end of each chapter, with solutions provided to selected problems, Up-to-date bibliography, and more than 400 references to classic and recent research literature. This new edition of Principles of Environmental Physics coincides with increasing recognition that global changes in climate will inevitably have consequences for man and many other forms of life. Asound understanding of relevant principles and processes of Environmental Physics is an essential basis for predicting the biological impacts of climate change.

About the Author:
Dr. John L. Monteith, was the first Professor of Environmental Physics at the University of Nottingham, and served as Director of the Resource Management Program at the International Institute for the Semiarid Tropics, Hyderabad, India

About the Author:
Dr. Michael H. Unsworth, is a professor in the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780125051033
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 11/8/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 440
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface     ix
Acknowledgments     xiii
Symbols     xvi
The Scope of Environmental Physics     1
Properties of Gases and Liquids     4
Gases and Water Vapor     4
Liquid     20
Stable Isotopes     24
Problems     25
Transport of Heat, Mass, and Momentum     26
General Transfer Equation     26
Molecular Transfer Processes     28
Diffusion Coefficients     32
Problems     37
Transport of Radiant Energy     38
The Origin and Nature of Radiation     38
Spatial Relations     44
Problems     51
Radiation Environment     52
Solar Radiation     52
Attenuation of Solar Radiation in the Atmosphere     57
Solar Radiation at the Ground     62
Terrestrial Radiation     73
Net Radiation     79
Problems     84
Microclimatology of Radiation (i)     86
Radiative Properties of Natural Materials     86
Problems     99
Microclimatology of Radiation (ii)     100
Geometric Principles     101
Diffuse Radiation     110
Problems     115
Microclimatology of Radiation (iii)     116
Interception of Radiation by Plant Canopies     116
Interception of Radiation by Animal Coats     133
Net Radiation     137
Problems     139
Momentum Transfer     142
Boundary Layers     142
Momentum Transfer to Natural Surfaces     147
Lodging and Windthrow     155
Problems     159
Heat Transfer     160
Convection     160
Measurements of Convection     166
Conduction     179
Insulation     181
Problems     188
Mass Transfer (Gases and Water Vapor)     190
Non-Dimensional Groups     191
Measurements of Mass Transfer     193
Ventilation     197
Mass Transfer through Pores     200
Coats and Clothing     208
Problems     210
Mass Transfer (Particles)     212
Steady Motion     212
Non-Steady Motion     214
Particle Deposition     215
Problems     227
Steady State Heat Balance (i)      229
Heat Balance Equation     230
Heat Balance of Thermometers     232
Heat Balance of Surfaces     238
Developments from the Penman Equation     250
Problems     256
Steady State Heat Balance (ii)     258
Heat Balance Components     259
The Thermo-Neutral Diagram     266
Specification of the Environment     270
Case Studies     272
Sheep     273
Problems     281
Transient Heat Balance     283
Time Constant     283
General Cases     285
Heat Flow in Soil     290
Problems     298
Micrometeorology (i)     300
Turbulent Transfer     301
Flux-Gradient Methods     309
Methods for Indirect Measurements of Flux above Canopies     323
Relative Merits of Methods of Flux Measurement     328
Turbulent Transfer in Canopies     329
Density Corrections to Flux Measurements     331
Problems     332
Micrometeorology (ii)     335
Resistance Analogues     335
Case Studies     343
Transport within Canopies      359
Problems     365
References     367
Bibliography     390
Appendix A     394
Solutions to Selected Problems     401
Index     414
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