Table of Contents
(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with In the Classroom, Topics and Questions for Study and Discussion, Suggested Readings, and Language Learning Experience.)
1. Language, Learning, and Teaching.
Current Issues in Second Language Acquisition. Language. Learning and Teaching. Schools of Thought in Second Language Acquisition. Language Teaching Methodology.
2. First Language Acquisition.
Theories of First Language Acquisition. Issues in First Language Acquisition.
3. Age and Acquisition.
Dispelling Myths. Types of Comparison and Contrast. The Critical Period Hypothesis. Neurological Considerations. The Significance of Accent. Cognitive Considerations. Affective Considerations. Linguistic Considerations. Issues in First Language Acquisition Revisited.
4. Human Learning.
Learning and Training. Pavlov's Classical Behaviorism. Skinner's Operant Conditioning. Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory. Roger's Humanistic Psychology. Types of Learning. Transfer, Interference, and Overgeneralization. Inductive and Deductive Reasoning. Aptitude and Intelligence.
5. Styles and Strategies.
Process, Style, and Strategy. Learning Styles. Strategies. Strategies-Based Instruction.
6. Personality Factors.
The Affective Domain. Myers-Briggs Character Types. Motivation. The Neurobiology of Affect. Measuring Affective Factors.
From Stereotypes to Generalizations. Attitudes. Second Culture Acquisition. Social Distance. Culture in the Classroom. Language Policy and Politics. Language, Thought, and Culture.
8. Cross-Linguistic Influence and Learner Language.
The Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis. From the CAH to CLI (Cross-Linguistic Influence). Markedness and Universal Grammar. Learner Language. Error Analysis. Stages of Learner Language Development. Variability in Learner Language. Fossilization. Form-Focused Instruction. Error Treatment.
9. Communicative Competence.
Defining Communicative Competence. Language Functions. Functional Syllabuses. Discourse Analysis. Pragmatics. Styles and Registers. Nonverbal Communication.
10. Theories of Second Language Acquisition.
Building a Theory of SLA. An Innatist Model: Krashen's Input Hypothesis. Cognitive Models. A Social-Constructivist Model: Long's Interaction Hypothesis. From Theory to Practice.