Principles of Law: A Normative Analysis

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'For the important enterprise of ordering, sifting, and making the law understandable to the philosophically inclined student, Bayles' book is a major - indeed, encyclopedic - contribution. It represents a large amount of extremely competent work.'
Conrad D. Johnson, University of Maryland
'Principles of Law is one of the few books since Oliver Wendell Holmes' The Common Law to address philosophical issues at a level between the general conditions for any legal system and specific issues such as punishment or strict liability. It asks what normative principles a rational person in a contemporary common l aw society would want judges to use in deciding cases. Principles are then developed for procedural, property, contract, tort, and criminal law. The adversary model of adjudication is shown to place an important constraint on acceptable principles. ... Several features make this book a valuable supplement for law school and other students. Chapters have a similar structure, proceeding from aims to remedies. Seventeen to 20 principles are provided for each field, and well-known American and English cases are cited. Technical legal terms are explained when introduced. The discussion is both more theoretical and concise than in many supplements.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789027724120
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 6/30/1987
  • Series: Law and Philosophy Library Series, #5
  • Edition description: 1987
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 398
  • Product dimensions: 1.00 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 6.14 (d)

Table of Contents

Analytical Table of Contents.- 1. Introduction: A Framework for Analysis.- 1.0. Introduction.- 1.1. A Normative Approach.- 1.2. Rational Persons.- 1.3. Values.- 1.4. Legal Principles.- 1.5. Elements of a Legal Case.- 2. Procedural Law.- 2.0. Introduction.- 2.1. Aims.- 2.1.0. Introduction.- 2.1.1. Economic costs.- 2.1.2. Moral costs.- 2.1.3. Process benefits.- 2.2. The Adversary System.- 2.3. Elements of Procedure.- 2.3.0. Introduction.- 2.3.1. Jurisdiction.- 2.3.2. Notice.- 2.3.3. Legal representation.- 2.3.4. Scope of cases.- 2.3.5. Discovery.- 2.3.6. Evidence.- 2.3.7. Proof.- 2.3.8. Jury trials.- 2.3.9. Stare decisis.- 2.3.10. Appeals.- 2.3.11. Repose.- 3. Property Law.- 3.0. Introduction.- 3.1. Aims.- 3.1.0. Introduction.- 3.1.1. Utility.- 3.1.2. Fairness.- 3.1.3. Freedom.- 3.2. Forms of Property.- 3.2.0. Introduction.- 3.2.1. Ownership.- 3.2.2. Real property and leases.- 3.2.3. Personal property.- 3.3. Rights and Limits.- 3.3.0. Introduction.- 3.3.1. To possess.- 3.3.2. To use and capital.- 3.3.3. Private limits.- 3.3.4. Public limits.- 3.3.5. Takings.- 3.4. Acquisition and Disposal.- 3.4.0. Introduction.- 3.4.1. Possession.- 3.4.2. Abandonment and gift.- 3.4.3. Deeds.- 3.4.4. Succession.- 4. Contract Law.- 4.0. Introduction.- 4.1. Aims.- 4.1.0. Introduction.- 4.1.1. Promise or agreement.- 4.1.2. Maximizing economic value.- 4.1.3. Reasonable expectations.- 4.1.4. Specific aims.- 4.2. Contract Formation.- 4.2.0. Introduction.- 4.2.1. Consideration.- 4.2.2. Past benefits.- 4.2.3. Reliance.- 4.2.4. Gratuitous commitments.- 4.2.5. Offer and acceptance.- 4.3. Duties, Defects, and Defenses.- 4.3.0. Introduction.- 4.3.1. Types of terms.- 4.3.2. Implied terms.- 4.3.3. Mistake.- 4.3.4. Incapacity.- 4.3.5. Written memoradum.- 4.3.6. Contrary to law.- 4.3.7. Duties independent of the contract.- 4.4. Discharge and Remedies.- 4.4.0. Introduction.- 4.4.1. Discharge.- 4.4.2. Rescission.- 4.4.3. Damages.- 4.4.4. Specific performance.- 5. Tort Law.- 5.0. Introduction.- 5.1. Aims.- 5.1.0. Introduction.- 5.1.1. Retribution.- 5.1.2. Deterrence.- 5.1.3. Compensation.- 5.2. Duties.- 5.2.0. Introduction.- 5.2.1. Intentional torts.- 5.2.2. Negligence standard.- 5.2.3. Scope of negligence.- 5.2.4. Interests protected from negligence.- 5.2.5. Vicarious liability.- 5.2.6. Abnormally dangerous activities.- 5.2.7. Products liability.- 5.3. Defenses.- 5.3.0. Introduction.- 5.3.1. Consent.- 5.3.2. Causation.- 5.3.3. Plaintiff’s responsibility.- 5.3.4. Immunities and privileges.- 5.4. Remedies.- 5.4.0. Introduction.- 5.4.1. Damages.- 5.4.2. Injunctions.- 5.5. Beyond Tort Law.- 5.5.0. Introduction.- 5.5.1. Inadequacies.- 5.5.2. Alternatives.- 6. Criminal Law.- 6.0. Introduction.- 6.1. Aims.- 6.1.0. Introduction.- 6.1.1. Deterrence.- 6.1.2. Retribution.- 6.1.3. Reform and denunciation.- 6.2. Criminal Acts.- 6.2.0. Introduction.- 6.2.1. Voluntary conduct.- 6.2.2. Mental elements.- 6.2.3. Core offenses.- 6.2.4. Inchoate offenses and accessories.- 6.3. Defenses.- 6.3.0. Introduction.- 6.3.1. Mistake or ignorance.- 6.3.2. Mental abnormality.- 6.3.3. Intoxication.- 6.3.4. Lesser evils.- 6.3.5. Defense of persons.- 6.3.6. Defense of property.- 6.4. Punishment.- 6.4.0. Introduction.- 6.4.1. The concept.- 6.4.2. Amounts.- 6.4.3. Other issues.- 7. Values in the Law.- 7.0. Introduction.- 7.1. A Nontheory?.- 7.2. Freedom.- 7.3. Responsibility.- 7.4. Equality and Fairness.- 7.5. Social Good.- Appendix: Summary of Principles.- Works Cited.- Table of Cases.

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