Principles of the Manufacture of Iron and Steel: With Some Notes on the Economic Conditions of their Production

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More About This Textbook


Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell (1816–1904) was a leading metallurgist and industrialist who served as president of both the Iron and Steel Institute and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He combined business skills with scientific expertise and was recognised as a world authority on blast furnace technology. His major works reveal both technical know-how and commercial awareness, and show that he was conscious of the threat to Britain's early lead in industrialisation from foreign competition. He supported free trade, and believed that British industry needed a firm scientific base in order to maintain its global position. Although his posthumous reputation has been eclipsed by that of his contemporaries, he was highly respected in his lifetime, receiving a baronetcy in 1885 for his contribution to industry. This book was first published in 1884 and deals with the economics of iron production in Britain and abroad as well as the processes themselves.

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Table of Contents

Preface; 1. Introductory; 2. Historical; 3. Direct processes for making malleable iron; 4. Preliminary treatment of materials for the blast furnace; 5. The blast furnace; 6. Of the use and theory of the hot blast; 7. On the quantity and quality of the fuel required in the blast furnace using air of different temperatures; 8. On the solid products of the blast furnace; 9. Chemical changes as they take place in the blast furnace; 10. On the equivalents of heat evolved by the fuel in the blast furnace; 11. Of hydrogen and certain hydrogen compounds in the blast furnace; 12. On the production of malleable iron from pig iron in low hearths; 13. On the refining and puddling furnace; 14. On more recent methods of separating the substances taken up by iron during its passage through the blast furnace; 15. Statistical; 16. British labour compared with that of the continent of Europe; 17. On labour in the United States of America; 18. Chief iron-producing countries compared; Corrections and additions; Index.

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