Prisons and Prison Life: Costs and Consequences / Edition 2

Prisons and Prison Life: Costs and Consequences / Edition 2

by Joycelyn M. Pollock
     
 

Prisons and Prison Life: Costs and Consequences, Second Edition, investigates and analyzes prisons—and the often undocumented costs of imprisonment for all involved.

Beginning with a short history of imprisonment in the U.S., the text covers all aspects of prison life, including a description of life in prison from the point of view of both inmates and

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Overview

Prisons and Prison Life: Costs and Consequences, Second Edition, investigates and analyzes prisons—and the often undocumented costs of imprisonment for all involved.

Beginning with a short history of imprisonment in the U.S., the text covers all aspects of prison life, including a description of life in prison from the point of view of both inmates and officers, inmate rights, women's prisons, prison programs, and re-entry.

Rich pedagogical features help students absorb information, while end-of-chapter review questions stimulate lively class discussions. Quotations from inmates allow students to personalize the issues.

Offering a lucid, critical, yet balanced look at American prison life, this volume is ideal for courses on prisons and corrections.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199783250
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
07/12/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
272
Sales rank:
386,777
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1: Prisons: Then and Now
1. The Purpose and Function of Prisons
2. The Philadelphia and Auburn Models
3. 1900-1950s
4. 1960-1980s
— New Expectations
— Racial Politics
— Drugs
— Young Offenders
— The Death of the Rehabilitative Era
5. 1980-Today
6. Prisons and Politics
7. Conclusion
Chapter 2: Explaining Incarceration
1. The Rise of Imprisonment
2. The United States Compared to the World
3. Comparing States' Rates of Incarceration
4. Incarceration and Race/Ethnicity
5. Explaining the Increase
— Crime
— Sentencing Changes
— Increased "Punitiveness"
— Increased Parole Revocations
— The "War on Drugs"
— The Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill
— The Privatization of Prisons
6. Reversing the Trend
7. Conclusion
Chapter 3: The New Bastille
1. The Number and Types of Prisons
2. Federal and State Systems
— State Prisons
3. Overcrowding
4. The Super-Max
5. Private Prisons
— Proponents and Opponents of Privatization
— Corrections Corporation of America and Geo Group
— Evaluations of Private Prisons
— Interstate Transfer
6. Conclusion
Chapter 4: Prisoners
1. The Demographics of Prisoners
— Race
— Age
— Medical/Physical Characteristics
— Education and Employment Histories
— Family
2. Prisoners: Yesterday and Today
3. Special Populations
— Mentally Ill
— Mentally Handicapped
— Drug Dependent Offenders
4. Classification
5. Medical Services
6. Conclusion
Chapter 5: Rehabilitation Revisited
1. The Legacy of the Rehabilitative Era
2. What Is Treatment?
— Recreation
3. Education, Vocational Training, and Industry
— Education
— Vocational Training and Industry
4. Drug Treatment
— Evaluating Drug Treatment
5. Rehabilitative Programs and the Will to Change
— Evaluations
— The Will to Change
6. Evidence-Based Corrections
7. Conclusion
Chapter 6: Living in Prison
1. Prisoner Subculture Research
2. Elements of the Subculture
— Prison Argot
— Inmate Code
— The Black Market
3. Race and Gangs
4. Prison Violence
— Correlates of Violence
— Economic Violence
— Sexual Violence
— Riots and Collective Violence
— Changes in Prison Violence
5. Coping in the Prison World
6. Conclusion
Chapter 7: Prisons for Women
1. Increasing Numbers
2. History of Women's Prisons
3. Gendered Pathways and Gendered Programming
— Pathways Research
— Victimization
— Drugs
— Importance of Relationships
— Pathways and Classification
— Gender-Specific Programming
4. Living in Prison
— Violence
5. Sexual Relationships and Sexual Violence
— Sexual Victimization by Staff Members
6. Mothers in Prison
7. Conclusions
Chapter 8: Prisoners' Rights
1. Causes of Action and Sources of Rights
2. First Amendment
— Freedom of Religion
— Freedom of Speech and Press
— Rights of Association
3. Fourth Amendment
4. Eighth Amendment
— Medical Care and Rehabilitation
— Excessive Use of Force/Other Punishments
— Totality of Circumstances
5. Fourteenth Amendment
— Access to Courts
— Disciplinary Proceedings
— Other Deprivations
6. Conclusion
Chapter 9: Correctional Staff and Administration
1. Correctional Officers
— The Changing Role of the Guard
— Correctional Officers Today
— "Structured Conflict"
— The Officer Subculture
— Stress
— The Human Service Officer
2. Violence
3. Managing the Prison
— Unionization
— Civil Service and Workforce Diversity
— Cross-Sex Supervision and Sexual Misconduct
— Corruption and Unethical Practices
4. Conclusions
Chapter 10: Release, Reentry, and the Future of Prisons
1. Reentry and Recidivism
2. Parole
3. Civil Liberties
4. Barriers to Success
5. Envisioning the Perfect Prison
— The Importance of Justice
6. Cutting Back on Prison
— The Prison Industrial Complex
7. Conclusion
Table of Cases
Bibliography

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