Privacy and Human Rights: An International and Comparative Study, with Special Reference to Developments in Information Technology

Privacy and Human Rights: An International and Comparative Study, with Special Reference to Developments in Information Technology

by James Michael
     
 

ISBN-10: 1855213818

ISBN-13: 9781855213814

Pub. Date: 10/01/1994

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Limited

The developments of communication technologies have been among the most spectacular in the recent years. These put major challenges for the protection of human rights and, in particular, the right to privacy. These also raise crucial ethical issues concerning the treatment, storing and access to information. This book aims at mapping the main questions in this area…  See more details below

Overview

The developments of communication technologies have been among the most spectacular in the recent years. These put major challenges for the protection of human rights and, in particular, the right to privacy. These also raise crucial ethical issues concerning the treatment, storing and access to information. This book aims at mapping the main questions in this area and presents some of the legal answers so far given.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781855213814
Publisher:
Ashgate Publishing, Limited
Publication date:
10/01/1994
Series:
UNESCO Series
Pages:
194
Product dimensions:
9.45(w) x 6.69(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction1
The Nature and Significance of Privacy1
The Impact of Technology on Privacy6
1Different Legal Approaches13
Nordic Law13
Civil Law15
Common Law16
2International Standards19
International Human Rights Instruments19
The Universal Declaration and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights19
The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, and the American Convention on Human Rights26
The European Convention on Human Rights27
International Data Protection Law32
The Council of Europe's Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data35
The OECD Guidelines governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data40
The European Community Draft Directive on Data Protection42
Other international instruments42
Transborder Data Flows43
3Country Reports53
Countries with National Data Protection Laws and Access to Government Information Laws53
Sweden53
Denmark56
Norway58
Finland60
The Netherlands62
France65
New Zealand69
Canada74
United States of America81
Australia89
Countries with National Data Protection Laws only92
Federal Republic of Germany92
Luxembourg97
United Kingdom100
Ireland108
Austria108
Iceland112
Israel113
Portugal115
Japan117
Countries with Access to Government Information Laws only118
Greece118
Countries with Constitutional Privacy Provisions only119
Spain119
Other Countries119
European 'Socialist' Countries120
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics121
Hungary124
Other Socialist Countries125
China125
4Conclusions133
App. 1 OECD Guidelines139
App. 2 Council of Europe Convention145
App. 3 UN Recommended Guidelines155
App. 4 European Community Modified Proposal169
Index189

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >