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Private Equity as an Asset Class [NOOK Book]


Guy Fraser-Sampson draws upon twenty years' private equity experience to provide a practical guide to mastering the intricacies of this highly specialist asset class. Aimed equally at investors, professionals and business school students, it starts with such fundamental questions as "what is private equity?" and progresses to detailed analysis of venture and buyout returns. It also unveils a totally new concept which looks set to revolutionise thinking in the industry: Total ...
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Private Equity as an Asset Class

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Guy Fraser-Sampson draws upon twenty years' private equity experience to provide a practical guide to mastering the intricacies of this highly specialist asset class. Aimed equally at investors, professionals and business school students, it starts with such fundamental questions as "what is private equity?" and progresses to detailed analysis of venture and buyout returns. It also unveils a totally new concept which looks set to revolutionise thinking in the industry: Total Return investing.

Often unfairly reviled, and frequently misunderstood, private equity differs from all other asset classes in various important respects, not least in the nature and timing of its returns, which require a whole new approach for those reared on more traditional investments such as bonds and shares. This book shows how a good grasp of the basic structure of private equity vehicles and returns (including the dreaded J-curve) can lead to full understanding of the techniques needed to measure and analyse performance. Key points include: A glossary of private equity terms, Venture funds and transactions, Buyout funds and transactions, Understanding private equity returns, Analysis of historic returns, How to plan a fund investment programme, How to conduct effective due diligence, Total Return investing.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470687857
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/18/2009
  • Series: Wiley Finance Series
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 284
  • Product dimensions: 6.51 (w) x 9.22 (h) x 0.85 (d)
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

GUY FRASER-SAMPSON has over twenty years' experience of the private equity industry, most notably having set up and run for several years the European operations of Horsley Bridge. As a partner in the firm, and Managing Director of Horsley Bridge International, he had a unique opportunity to interact simultaneously with private equity managers from all over the world, including famous ‘golden circle’ venture firms based predominantly in California. He previously lived and worked in the Middle East as Investment Controller with the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA).
He has extensive experience of the evaluation of private equity managers, including having personally designed and developed a computer model for the evaluation of buyout performance, but is equally recognised as an expert on venture capital. In addition to his work with funds, he has also conducted direct, secondary and mezzanine transactions over the years.
Guy teaches post-graduate modules on private equity and investment strategy at Cass Business School in the City of London, and is also recognised as an authority on all types of alternative assets. He performs consultancy and high level executive training assignments for clients around the world, and is also in demand as a provider of keynote addresses at investment conferences. In addition to various professional qualifications, he holds an LLB with honours from King's College London, and an MBA majoring in finance from Warwick Business School.
Guy writes for a number of finance and investment publications, including his influential monthly column in Real Deals. He is the author of Multi-Asset Class Investment Strategy, also published as part of the Wiley Finance series, which questions accepted views of risk and return, and sets out ways in which investors could and should incorporate a wide range of so-called alternative assets into their planned portfolios. He conducts regular investor workshops around the world based upon his books.

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Table of Contents

Introduction     xiii
Acknowledgements     xxiii
What is Private Equity?     1
Fund investing versus direct investing     2
Terminology     4
Primary versus secondary fund investing     6
A broad delineation: buyout and venture     7
Capital: allocated, committed, drawn down and invested     9
How do private equity funds work?     11
Structure     11
Cashflow     13
Investment     15
Fundraising     16
Summary     20
Private Equity Returns - The Basics     23
Understanding the J-curve and compound returns     23
Upper quartile figures     29
Median returns     30
Average returns     31
Pooled returns     34
Multiples     34
Distributed over Paid In (DPI)     37
Paid In to Committed Capital (PICC)     38
Residual Value to Paid In (RVPI)     38
Total Value to Paid In (TVPI)     38
Valuation     39
Fees     40
Time-weighted returns     41
Summary     42
Buyout     45
Types of buyout transactions     45
MBO     45
MBI     46
BIMBO     46
LBO     47
Take private     47
Roll-up     48
Other "buyout" activity     48
Established businesses     50
Debt     52
Earnings     54
Size     55
Control     58
Barriers to entry     61
Summary     64
How to Analyse Buyouts     67
Earnings     68
EBIT     70
EBITDA     71
Earnings growth     72
Multiple     74
Multiple increase in an imperfect market     74
Multiple increase in a perfect market     77
Leverage     78
Recapitalisation     79
Timing     80
Modelling and analysing buyout funds     82
Summary     87
Buyout Returns     89
US versus European buyout     89
Buyout skill bases     91
Imperfect markets     92
Earnings multiples     94
Earnings growth     97
Leverage      100
Fund size     101
What can we expect from buyout returns in future?     107
Recent fundraising levels     109
Some conclusions and predictions     111
Summary     113
Venture Capital     115
What is venture capital?     115
Backing new applications, not new technology     116
Classification by sector     118
IT     118
Telecoms     121
Life Science     124
Classification by stage     128
Seed     129
The US model     131
Seed stage focus     131
Home run mentality     133
"Value add"     133
The US model comes to Europe     134
Why European venture capital firms have avoided the seed stage     134
Classification by stage, continued     135
Early stage investing     135
Mid- and late stage investing     135
Summary     135
How to Analyse Venture     137
The fundamentals     137
Money multiples     137
Valuation     140
Cost and value     147
IRRs and multiples      149
Going In Equity (GI%)     150
Percentage of the holding within the fund     151
The impact of home runs     151
Summary     155
Venture Returns     157
US out-performance versus Europe     157
Money multiples drive IRRs     159
Home runs and the golden circle     160
Market conditions     163
European venture - is it as bad as it seems?     165
Returns and fund size     170
Venture returns by stage     175
What of the future?     177
Summary     180
Due Diligence     183
Buyout funds     186
Venture funds     188
Co-investors     191
Cross-fund investing     192
Buyout companies     192
Venture companies     194
Fund of Funds     196
Monitoring private equity funds     198
Summary     201
Planning your Investment Programme     203
Cashflow planning     203
Allocated, committed and invested capital     205
Diversification by time     206
Proper commitment levels      208
Diversification by sector and geography     209
Total Return     213
How to deal with uninvested capital     214
Secondaries     216
Mezzanine     219
Private equity proxies     219
Towards a new world of private equity programmes     220
Summary     222
Glossary     225
Index     253
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