Private Rights and Public Problems: The Global Economics of Intellectual Property in the 21st Century

Overview

Addresses if basic scientific and technological knowledge should be commoditized and analyzes the economic contribution of IPRs' underlying features: innovation and access to international technologies.

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Private Rights and Public Problems: The Global Economics of Intellectual Property in the 21st Century

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Overview

Addresses if basic scientific and technological knowledge should be commoditized and analyzes the economic contribution of IPRs' underlying features: innovation and access to international technologies.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780881325072
  • Publisher: Peterson Institute for International Economics
  • Publication date: 11/1/2010
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Foreword xi

Acknowledgments xv

1 Introduction: The Big Stakes in Selling Knowledge 1

The Ever-Elusive Balance 4

The Policy Landscape 9

Four Ideas to Improve the Global System Today 16

Organization of the Book 22

2 The Big Global Upgrade: Is It Working? 25

How the Situation Has Changed 26

Intellectual Property Right Reforms and Innovation 35

Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer 64

Country Experiences and "Catching Up" with Intellectual Property Rights 82

Summary 91

3 Global Governance 93

TRIPS Finishes Its Test Ride 94

The World Intellectual Property Organization Does Its Part 117

When TRIPS Is Not Enough 120

A Powerful Pushback 133

The New Enforcement Emphasis 137

Summary 142

4 Regulating a Stressed System 143

Cleanup in Aisle Global Patent 144

The Standards Question 158

Exhaustion: Your Price or Mine? 172

Geography Made Delicious 189

Digital Dilemmas 204

Enforcement Economics 222

Summary 231

5 Intellectual Property Rights and Global Policy Challenges 233

Intellectual Property Rights, Policy Space, and Development 234

Patent Problems and Progress in Public Health 251

Technology Transfer and Climate Change 270

Agriculture and Genetic Resources 280

Trading in Traditions 294

Knowledge as an International Public Good 297

Summary 312

6 Revitalizing a Tired System 313

Pressures to Move On 314

Extending the Long and Strained TRIPS? 316

Reaching for Balance beyond the World Trade Organization 318

Future Vision 322

A Final Observation 326

References 329

Index 351

Tables

2.1 Changes in the Ginarte-Park patent rights index 27

2.2 Changes in the Global Competitiveness Report intellectual property rights and protectionism indexes relative to the United States 32

2.3 Economic characteristics of and growth in patent grants in Brazil, Mexico, South Korea, and China 36

2.4 Summary of cross-country studies of IPR and innovation measures 50

2.5 Growth of R&D in 350 large Indian pharmaceutical firms, 1990-2005 57

2.6 Indicators of technology transfer to selected countries 68

2.7 Summary of econometric studies of intellectual property rights and technology transfer 75

3.1 TRIPS-Plus provisions in the Jordan-US free trade agreement (2001) 123

3.2 Comparison of TRIPS-Plus elements in selected US free trade agreements 124

4.1 Growth in patent applications, 1995 and 2008 147

4.2 Comparison of online per-pill retail prices 177

4.3 Changes in recorded music sales, 2005 and 2007 206

5.1 Price reductions in key antiretroviral medicines, 2001 and 2010 253

Figures

2.1 Changes in the Ginarte-Park patent rights index, by income quartile, 1990-2005 29

2.2a World Bank innovation index (2000) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (1995) 40

2.2b World Bank innovation index (2009) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (2000) 41

2.2c Research and development as a percent of GDP (2000) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (1995) 42

2.2d Research and development as a percent of GDP (2005) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (2000) 43

2.2e US scaled patent grants (2000) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (1995) 44

2.2f US scaled patent grants (2005) and Ginarte-Park patent rights index (2000) 45

Boxes

1.1 The new ownership society 5

2.1 China's indigenous innovation policy 89

4.1 Reforming US patents 153

4.2 China's standardization policy for information and communication technology 169

4.3 Value extraction in Ethiopian coffee 197

4.4 When rights become wrongs: The user community stands up 214

5.1 India's Patents Act of 2005 and pharmaceuticals 261

5.2 Sharing of intellectual property rights in the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative 265

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