Probabilistic Linguistics

Probabilistic Linguistics

by Rens Bod
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262523388

ISBN-13: 9780262523387

Pub. Date: 04/01/2003

Publisher: MIT Press

For the past forty years, linguistics has been dominated by the idea that language is categorical and linguistic competence discrete. It has become increasingly clear, however, that many levels of representation, from phonemes to sentence structure, show probabilistic properties, as does the language faculty.
Probabilistic linguistics conceptualizes categories

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Overview

For the past forty years, linguistics has been dominated by the idea that language is categorical and linguistic competence discrete. It has become increasingly clear, however, that many levels of representation, from phonemes to sentence structure, show probabilistic properties, as does the language faculty.
Probabilistic linguistics conceptualizes categories as distributions and views knowledge of language not as a minimal set of categorical constraints but as a set of gradient rules that may be characterized by a statistical distribution. Whereas categorical approaches focus on the endpoints of distributions of linguistic phenomena, probabilistic approaches focus on the gradient middle ground.
Probabilistic linguistics integrates all the progress made by linguistics thus far with a probabilistic perspective.This book presents a comprehensive introduction to probabilistic approaches to linguistic inquiry. It covers the application of probabilistic techniques to phonology, morphology, semantics, syntax, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, historical linguistics, and sociolinguistics. It also includes a tutorial on elementary probability theory and probabilistic grammars.

The MIT Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262523387
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
04/01/2003
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
463
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Preface
Contributors
Ch. 1Introduction1
Ch. 2Introduction to Elementary Probability Theory and Formal Stochastic Language Theory11
Ch. 3Probabilistic Modeling in Psycholinguistics: Linguistic Comprehension and Production39
Ch. 4Probabilistic Sociolinguistics: Beyond Variable Rules97
Ch. 5Probability in Language Change139
Ch. 6Probabilistic Phonology: Discrimination and Robustness177
Ch. 7Probabilistic Approaches to Morphology229
Ch. 8Probabilistic Syntax289
Ch. 9Probabilistic Approaches to Semantics343
Glossary of Probabilistic Terms381
References389
Name Index437
Subject Index445

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