Probabilistic Thinking, Thermodynamics and the Interaction of the History and Philosophy of Science: Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science Volume II / Edition 1by Jaakko Hintikka
Pub. Date: 12/31/1980
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
The two volumes to which this is apreface consist of the Proceedings of the Second International Conference on History and Philosophy of Science. The Conference was organized by the Joint Commission of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS) under the auspices of the IUHPS, the Italian Society for Logic and Philosophy of Science, and the Domus Galilaeana of Pisa, headed by Professor Vincenzo Cappelletti. Domus Galilaeana also served as the host institution, with some help from the University of Pisa. The Conference took place in Pisa, Italy, on September 4-8, 1978. The editors of these two volumes of the Proceedings of the Pisa Conference acknowledge with gratitude the help by the different sponsoring organizations, and in the first place that by both Divisions of the IUHPS, which made the Conference possible. A special recognition is due to Professor Evandro Agazzi, President of the Italian Society for Logic and Philosophy of Science, who was co opted as an additional member of the Organizing Committee. This committee was otherwise identical with the Joint Commission, whose members were initially John Murdoch, John North, Arpad Szab6, Robert Butts, Jaakko Hintikka, and Vadim Sadovsky. Later, Erwin Hiebert and Lubos Novy were appointed as additional members.
Table of ContentsWhy Do We Find the Origin of a Calculus of Probabilities in the Seventeenth Century?.- Some Remarks on the Calculus of Probability in the Eighteenth Century.- Probability and the Problem of Induction.- Probabilities and Causes: On Life Tables, Causes of Death, and Etiological Diagnoses.- From the Emergence of Probability to the Erosion of Determinism.- John Venn’s Logic of Chance.- Robert Leslie Ellis and the Frequency Theory.- Reduction as a Problem: Some Remarks on the History of Statistical Mechanics from a Philosophical Point of View.- Boltzmann’s Conception of Theory Construction: The Promotion of Pluralism, Provisionalism, and Pragmatic Realism.- The Mach-Boltzmann Controversy and Maxwell’s Views on Physical Reality.- Boltzmann, Mach and Russian Physicists of the Late Nineteenth Century.- An Example of a Theory-Frame: Equilibrium Thermodynamics.- What Have the History and Philosophy of Science to Do for One Another?.- A Comment on E. Agazzi, ‘What Have the History and Philosophy of Science to Do for One Another?’.- Methodology and the Functional Identity of Science and Philosophy.- On Making History.- A Comment on J.D. North, ‘On Making History’.- Reply to J.D. North, ‘On Making History’.- Influences of Some Concepts of Biology on Progress in Philosophy.- Philosophy of Science, History of Science, and Science of Science.- Interrelations between History of Science and Philosophy of Science in Research in the Development of Technical Sciences.- From History of Science to Theory of Science: An Essay on V.I. Vernadsky’s Work (1863–1945).- Utility versus Truth: At Least One Reflection on the Importance of the Philosophy of Science for the History of Science.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
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