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Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice / Edition 9

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Overview

Based on the author's extensive experience as a senior New York State parole officer, this book features in-the-trenches practitioner's insights of the complex, "real" world of probation and parole. Comprehensive in approach, it explores the cutting-edge of both practice and theory with regard to all aspects of adult and juvenile probation, institutions, and parole—and highlights the current controversial issues. Includes actual materials (reports, forms, and narratives) encountered in the field of juvenile and adult probation and parole agencies throughout the country. Coverage ranges from history and administration; to sentencing and the presentence investigation; juvenile court, probation, institutions, and aftercare; prisons and community-based corrections; the indeterminate sentence and punishments; parole administration and services; theory and practice of rehabilitation; parole supervision; special problems and programs; and probation and parole in the Twenty- First Century. For those involved in Probation and Parole and Community Corrections.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The author notes that since the inception of this classic text, the criminal justice system has been plagued by buzz words and "get tough on crime" mandates that require new interpretations for students. To that end, Abadinsky offers the same "insiders" view of probation and parole issues, administration, juvenile courts, investigation, and supervision while defining indeterminate sentences and the latest developments in treatment theory. A new conclusion ties together the material in a summary. Includes sample court documents and review questions. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131188945
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/28/2005
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 528
  • Product dimensions: 8.38 (w) x 11.14 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Howard Abadinsky is professor of criminal justice at St. John’s University. He was an inspector for the Cook County, Illinois, Sheriff’s Office for eight years and a New York State parole officer and senior parole officer for fifteen years. The author holds a B.A. from Queens College of the City University of New York, an M.S.W. from Fordham University, and a Ph.D. from New York University. He is the author of several books, including Organized Crime, 8th ed., Law and Justice, 6th ed., and Drug Abuse, 6th ed.

Dr. Abadinsky encourages communication about his work and can be reached at St. John’s University. 8000 Utopia Parkway, Jamaica, NY 11439; abadinsh@stjohns.edu.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
Ch. 1 Probation and Parole in Criminal Justice 1
Ch. 2 Probation and the Courts: History and Administration 24
Ch. 3 The Juvenile Courts, Juvenile Justice, and Young Offenders 43
Ch. 4 Presentence Investigation 105
Ch. 5 Supervision of Probationers 147
Ch. 6 A History of American Prisons 175
Ch. 7 Parole and the Indeterminate Sentence 209
Ch. 8 Parole Administration and Services 229
Ch. 9 Treatment Theory 285
Ch. 10 Probation and Parole Officers 328
Ch. 11 Classification and Supervision 353
Ch. 12 Intermediate Punishments 411
In Conclusion 450
References 458
Author Index 495
Subject Index 502
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Preface

The first edition of this book was written while I was a senior parole officer for the New York State Division of Parole. Since that time, new concepts (or sometimes simply buzzwords) have affected both the theory and practice of probation and parole. Some, such as community-based corrections, had a brief life, while the justice model and determinate sentencing have had long-lasting effects, creating the need for graduated sanctions and intermediate punishments. More recently, blended sentences and restorative justice have become popular expressions of the need to respond to political pressures for greater punishment without completely abandoning the rehabilitative ideal.

Sentiments toward crime and criminals hardened, highlighted by "truth in sentencing" (no parole/early release) and "three-strikes-and-your're-out" (life imprisonment on third felony conviction) statutes. Political changes generated by (often pandering) politicians produced such incongruities as mandatory sentences with sanctioning flexibility. The rush to punish encountered spending curbs and tax cuts. The results of "tough-on-crime" statutes and the "war on drugs" overburdened our correctional facilities, and sound-bite polemics replaced careful and thoughtful policy development. These swirling waters of criminal justice serve as a backdrop for the discussion of probation and parole in this book.

The eighth edition has been streamlined and expanded into 14 chapters, with some chapters reorganized to further enhance ease of classroom use. The discussion of juvenile justice is now found in chapter 4—the juvenile court—andchapter 5—juvenile probation, institutions, and aftercare. Because the problem of drug and alcohol abuse is so prevalent in probation and parole practice, material on supervising substance-abusing offenders has been added to chapter 11. In recognition of public concern with sex offenders, additional material on supervising this clientele also appears in chapter 11, as does an examination of supervising persons with HIV/AIDS.

To remain at the cutting edge of the field, this edition continues to use materials from juvenile and adult probation and parole agencies throughout the country, providing a state-of-the-art examination of probation and parole practice. (Material whose source is not specifically cited is from the appropriate agency.) As in previous editions, review questions appear at the end of each chapter. In addition, each chapter highlights key terms and ends with a series of key terms and relevant Internet sites. The instructor's resource guide available for this book provides a model curriculum and true-false, multiple choice, and essay test questions.

The author would like to thank Kimberly Davies, executive editor at Prentice Hall, for her dedication to this project, assistant editor Sarah Holle, production editor Linda B. Pawelchak, and reviewers Larry Andrews, Missouri Western 'State College; Bruce Berg, California State University-Long Beach; Steve Christiansen, Green River Community College; and Robert Weiss, SUNY-Plattsburg for their thoughtful reviews and suggestions.

The author encourages comments about his work and can be reached at Saint Xavier University, 3700 W 103rd Street, Chicago, IL 60655; abadinsky@att.net.

Howard Abadinsky

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Introduction

The first edition of this book was written while I was a senior parole officer for the New York State Division of Parole. Since that time, new concepts (or sometimes simply buzzwords) have affected both the theory and practice of probation and parole. Some, such as community-based corrections, had a brief life, while the justice model and determinate sentencing have had long-lasting effects, creating the need for graduated sanctions and intermediate punishments. More recently, blended sentences and restorative justice have become popular expressions of the need to respond to political pressures for greater punishment without completely abandoning the rehabilitative ideal.

Sentiments toward crime and criminals hardened, highlighted by "truth in sentencing" (no parole/early release) and "three-strikes-and-your're-out" (life imprisonment on third felony conviction) statutes. Political changes generated by (often pandering) politicians produced such incongruities as mandatory sentences with sanctioning flexibility. The rush to punish encountered spending curbs and tax cuts. The results of "tough-on-crime" statutes and the "war on drugs" overburdened our correctional facilities, and sound-bite polemics replaced careful and thoughtful policy development. These swirling waters of criminal justice serve as a backdrop for the discussion of probation and parole in this book.

The eighth edition has been streamlined and expanded into 14 chapters, with some chapters reorganized to further enhance ease of classroom use. The discussion of juvenile justice is now found in chapter 4—the juvenile court—and chapter5—juvenile probation, institutions, and aftercare. Because the problem of drug and alcohol abuse is so prevalent in probation and parole practice, material on supervising substance-abusing offenders has been added to chapter 11. In recognition of public concern with sex offenders, additional material on supervising this clientele also appears in chapter 11, as does an examination of supervising persons with HIV/AIDS.

To remain at the cutting edge of the field, this edition continues to use materials from juvenile and adult probation and parole agencies throughout the country, providing a state-of-the-art examination of probation and parole practice. (Material whose source is not specifically cited is from the appropriate agency.) As in previous editions, review questions appear at the end of each chapter. In addition, each chapter highlights key terms and ends with a series of key terms and relevant Internet sites. The instructor's resource guide available for this book provides a model curriculum and true-false, multiple choice, and essay test questions.

The author would like to thank Kimberly Davies, executive editor at Prentice Hall, for her dedication to this project, assistant editor Sarah Holle, production editor Linda B. Pawelchak, and reviewers Larry Andrews, Missouri Western 'State College; Bruce Berg, California State University-Long Beach; Steve Christiansen, Green River Community College; and Robert Weiss, SUNY-Plattsburg for their thoughtful reviews and suggestions.

The author encourages comments about his work and can be reached at Saint Xavier University, 3700 W 103rd Street, Chicago, IL 60655; abadinsky@att.net.

Howard Abadinsky

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