Derrida's first book-length work, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, was originally written as a dissertation for his diplôme d'études supérieures in 1953 and 1954. Surveying Husserl's major works on phenomenology, Derrida reveals what he sees as an internal tension in Husserl's central notion of genesis, and gives us our first glimpse into the concerns and frustrations that would later lead Derrida to abandon phenomenology and ...
Derrida's first book-length work, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, was originally written as a dissertation for his diplôme d'études supérieures in 1953 and 1954. Surveying Husserl's major works on phenomenology, Derrida reveals what he sees as an internal tension in Husserl's central notion of genesis, and gives us our first glimpse into the concerns and frustrations that would later lead Derrida to abandon phenomenology and develop his now famous method of deconstruction.
For Derrida, the problem of genesis in Husserl's philosophy is that both temporality and meaning must be generated by prior acts of the transcendental subject, but transcendental subjectivity must itself be constituted by an act of genesis. Hence, the notion of genesis in the phenomenological sense underlies both temporality and atemporality, history and philosophy, resulting in a tension that Derrida sees as ultimately unresolvable yet central to the practice of phenomenology.
Ten years later, Derrida moved away from phenomenology entirely, arguing in his introduction to Husserl's posthumously published Origin of Geometry and his own Speech and Phenomena that the phenomenological project has neither resolved this tension nor expressly worked with it. The Problem of Genesis complements these other works, showing the development of Derrida's approach to phenomenology as well as documenting the state of phenomenological thought in France during a particularly fertile period, when Levinas, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Ricoeur, and Tran-Duc-Thao, as well as Derrida, were all working through it. But the book is most important in allowing us to follow Derrida's own development as a philosopher by tracing the roots of his later work in deconstruction to these early critical reflections on Husserl's phenomenology.
"A dissertation is not merely a prerequisite for an academic job. It may set the stage for a scholar's life project. So, the doctoral dissertations of Max Weber and Jacques Derrida, never before available in English, may be of more than passing interest. In June, the University of Chicago Press will publish Mr. Derrida's dissertation, The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, which the French philosopher wrote in 1953-54 as a doctoral student, and which did not appear in French until 1990. From the start, Mr Derrida displayed his inventive linguistic style and flouting of convention."—Danny Postel, Chronicle of Higher Education
This translation of a 1990 reprinting of Derrida's 1953-54 dissertation for his diplome d'etudes superieures by its nature contains a certain deconstructive vibration, voices impacted within voices and language pried opened for close inspection. Even the juxtaposition of annotations-the translator's notes, nested beside the editor's notes, nested inside the author's translations-produces a certain Derridean experience of intertextuality. Adding to the complication, the subject matter here is "genesis" in the work of German philosopher Edmund Husserl, a perfect template for circular locutions on the unplaceable origins of thought and identity. "Just when I am getting to the end and when everything is finished for me, I know that I must start everything again from the beginning," Husserl is quoted to say. For those enamored of Derrida's often mind-blowing writing style, part philosophy and part Talmudic incantation, this manuscript will prove fascinating material. Chided by instructor Louis Althusser to show a certain level of professionalism in his academic prose, the young Derrida moves relatively methodically over the body of Husserl's work, treating the twin themes of the history of philosophy and the philosophy of history. In this nascent effort, we glimpse a singular mind as it dwells on its own formation. (June) Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
Jacques Derrida is a professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris and a visiting professor at the University of California, Irvine. He is the author of more than two dozen books, many of which the University of Chicago Press has published in English translation, including most recently The Work of Mourning.
Marian Hobson is a professor of French language and literature at Queen Mary, University of London. She is the author or editor of several books, including Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines and The Object of Art, and has previously translated articles by Derrida as well as works by Jean-François Lyotard and Werner Hamacher.
Preface to the 1990 Edition
Preface to the 1953/54 Dissertation
The Dilemmas of Psychological Genesis: Psychologism and Logicism
1. Meeting the Problem
2. A First Recourse to Genesis: Intentional Psychologism
3. The Dissociation. The Abandoning of Genesis and the Logicist Temptation
The "Neutralization" of Genesis
4. Noematic Temporality and Genetic Temporality
5. The Radical ___ and the Irreducibility of Genesis
The Reduction and the Idealist Exclusion of Genesis
Genesis of Perception: Hylé and Morphé
Noetic Temporality. Insufficiency of a Static Constitution
The Phenomenological Theme of Genesis: Transcendental Genesis and "Worldly" Genesis
6. Birth and Becoming of Judgment
7. The Genetic Constitution of the Ego and the Passage to a New Form of Transcendental Idealism
Teleology. The Sense of History and the History of Sense
8. The Birth and Crises of Philosophy
9. The First Task of Philosophy: The Reactivation of Genesis
10. The History of Philosophy and the Transcendental Motive
List of Husserl Translations Used in This Edition