Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe / Edition 1

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Overview

Since their classic volume The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes was published in 1978, Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan have increasingly focused on the questions of how, in the modern world, nondemocratic regimes can be eroded and democratic regimes crafted. In Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, they break new ground in numerous areas. They reconceptualize the major types of modern nondemocratic regimes and point out for each type the available paths to democratic transition and the tasks of democratic consolidation. They argue that, although "nation-state" and "democracy" often have conflicting logics, multiple and complementary political identities are feasible under a common roof of state-guaranteed rights. They also illustrate how, without an effective state, there can be neither effective citizenship nor successful privatization. Further, they provide criteria and evidence for politicians and scholars alike to distinguish between democratic consolidation and pseudo-democratization, and they present conceptually driven survey data for the fourteen countries studied.

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation contains the first systematic comparative analysis of the process of democratic consolidation in southern Europe and the southern cone of South America, and it is the first book to ground post-Communist Europe within the literature of comparative politics and democratic theory.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Slavic Review - Gerardo L. Munck

An absolutely major work that represents probably the most significant contribution to the burgeoning literature on democratization over the past decade and the most ambitious effort to move the debate beyond the seminal work on transition, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead (1986), by considering the problem of democratization in light of the dramatic regime changes in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.

Slavic Review
An absolutely major work that represents probably the most significant contribution to the burgeoning literature on democratization over the past decade and the most ambitious effort to move the debate beyond the seminal work on transition, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Prospects for Democracy by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead (1986), by considering the problem of democratization in light of the dramatic regime changes in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.

— Gerardo L. Munck

Tony Judt
Has the virtue of broad comparative reference. -- New York Review of Books
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801851582
  • Publisher: Hopkins Fulfillment Service
  • Publication date: 8/28/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 506
  • Sales rank: 729,024
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Meet the Author

Juan J. Linz is Sterling Professor of Political and Social Science at Yale University. Alfred Stepan, the first rector and president of the Central European University, is Gladstone Professor of Government and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford University.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, and Exhibits
Preface and Acknowledgments
1 Democracy and Its Arenas 3
2 "Stateness," Nationalism, and Democratization 16
3 Modern Nondemocratic Regimes 38
4 The Implications of Prior Regime Type for Transition Paths and Consolidation Tasks 55
5 Actors and Contexts 66
6 The Paradigmatic Case of Reforma Pactada-Ruptura Pactada: Spain 87
7 From Interim Government to Simultaneous Transition and Consolidation: Portugal 116
8 Crisis of a Nonhierarchical Military Regime: Greece 130
9 Southern Europe: Concluding Reflections 139
10 A Risk-Prone Consolidated Democracy: Uruguay 151
11 Crises of Efficacy, Legitimacy, and Democratic State "Presence": Brazil 166
12 From an Impossible to a Possible Democratic Game: Argentina 190
13 Incomplete Transition/Near Consolidation? Chile 205
14 South America: Concluding Reflections 219
15 Post-Communism's Prehistories 235
16 Authoritarian Communism, Ethical Civil Society, and Ambivalent Political Society: Poland 255
17 Varieties of Post-Totalitarian Regimes: Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria 293
18 The Effects of Totalitarianism-cum-Sultanism on Democratic Transition: Romania 344
19 The Problems of "Stateness" and Transitions: The USSR and Russia 366
20 When Democracy and the Nation-State Are Conflicting Logics: Estonia and Latvia 401
21 Post-Communist Europe: Concluding Comparative Reflections 434
Index 459
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