Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility

Process Intensification: Engineering for Efficiency, Sustainability and Flexibility

by David Reay, Adam Harvey, Colin Ramshaw
     
 

ISBN-10: 0750689412

ISBN-13: 9780750689410

Pub. Date: 09/05/2008

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Process Intensification is a hot topic in chemical and process engineering - and beyond - and is now reaching a maturity that is seeing PI concepts applied to a wide range of processes and technologies. This is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding PI and developing successful PI solutions and applications.

As well as detailing

…  See more details below

Overview

Process Intensification is a hot topic in chemical and process engineering - and beyond - and is now reaching a maturity that is seeing PI concepts applied to a wide range of processes and technologies. This is the first book to provide a practical working guide to understanding PI and developing successful PI solutions and applications.

As well as detailing technologies and practical information, the book focuses on safety, energy and environmental issues, giving guidance on how to incorporate PI in plant design and operation safely, efficiently and effectively.

This book provides up-to-date access to the best current information on PI, both through the world-class experience of the authors and by pinpointing other significant sources of data, equipment and expertise.

It will be of value to engineers working with leading-edge process technologies as well as those looking to further the use of PI in the chemical engineering sector. It will also appeal to those involved in the research and development of chemical, process, environmental, pharmaceutical, and bioscience systems.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780750689410
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
09/05/2008
Series:
Isotopes in Organic Chemistry Series
Pages:
472
Product dimensions:
7.70(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


Foreword   Dow Dave Trent     ix
Preface     xi
Acknowledgements     xiii
Introduction     xxi
A Brief History of Process Intensification     1
Introduction     1
Rotating boilers     2
The rotating heat pipe     6
The chemical process industry - the process intensification breakthrough at ICI     8
Separators     10
Reactors     14
Non-chemical industry related applications of rotating heat and mass transfer     16
Where are we today?     18
Summary     18
References     19
Process Intensification - An Overview     21
Introduction     21
What is process intensification?     21
The original ICI PI strategy     24
The advantages of PI     26
Some obstacles to PI     37
A way forward     38
To whet the reader's appetite     39
Equipment summary - finding your way around this book     40
Summary     40
References     44
The Mechanisms involved in Process Intensification     47
Introduction     47
Intensified heat transfer - the mechanisms involved     49
Intensified mass transfer - the mechanisms involved     63
Electrically enhanced processes - the mechanisms     65
Micro-fluidics     70
Pressure     74
Summary     74
References     74
Compact and Micro-Heat Exchangers     77
Introduction     77
Compact heat exchangers     78
Micro-heat exchangers     91
What about small channels?     94
Heat transfer applications of chemical reactions     98
Summary     100
References     100
Reactors     103
Reactor engineering theory     103
Spinning disc reactors     109
Oscillatory baffled reactors (OBRs)     128
Other rotating reactors     137
Micro-reactors (including hex-reactors)     141
Field-enhanced reactions     159
Reactive separations     163
Membrane reactors     167
Supercritical operation     170
Miscellaneous intensified reactor types     172
Summary     180
References     180
Intensification of Separation Processes     187
Introduction     187
Distillation     188
Centrifuges     198
Membranes     201
Drying     203
Precipitation and crystallisation     205
Mop fan/deduster     208
Summary     212
References     212
Intensified Mixing     215
Introduction     215
In-line mixers     216
Mixing on a spinning disc     220
Induction-heated mixer     220
Summary     220
References     221
Application Areas - Petrochemicals and Fine Chemicals     223
Introduction     223
Refineries     225
Bulk chemicals     226
Fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals     250
Bioprocessing or processing of bioderived feedstock     258
Further reading     259
Summary     260
References     260
Application Areas - Offshore Processing     265
Introduction     265
Some offshore scenarios     266
Offshore on platforms or subsea     270
FPSO activities     281
Safety offshore - can PI help?     284
Summary     285
References     285
Application Areas - Miscellaneous Process Industries     287
Introduction     287
The nuclear industry     287
The food and drink sector     293
Textiles     303
The metallurgical and glass industries     308
Aerospace     312
Biotechnology     313
Summary     320
References     320
Application Areas - The Built Environment, Electronics and the Home     323
Introduction     323
Refrigeration/heat pumping     324
Power generation     334
Microelectronics     338
Summary     352
References     352
Specifying, Manufacturing and Operating PI Plant     355
Introduction     355
Various approaches to adopting PI     356
Initial assessment     359
Equipment specification     364
Installation features of PI plant     369
Pointers to the successful operation of PI plant     369
The 'systematic' approach to selecting PI technology     370
An application of the methodology to synthesis gas/hydrogen production     375
The ultimate goal - whole plant intensification     384
Summary     386
References     387
Appendices
Abbreviations Used     389
Nomenclature     391
Relevant Review Papers/Texts     393
Equipment Suppliers     397
R&D Organisations, Consultants and Miscellaneous Groups Active in PI     415
A Selection of Other Useful Contact Points, including Networks and Web Sites     429
UK Assistance/information/support programmes     429
Centres of excellence/groupings     430
Patent sources     431
Networks     432
Index     435

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