Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry / Edition 1

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Overview

Modern production methods and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. And as oilfields age, the need for chemicals to ensure steady production increases. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry describes classes of production chemicals for use topside and downhole in the upstream oil and gas industry. It includes coverage of their mechanisms, deployment methods, and, where available, environmental properties.

The first chapter gives a general overview of production chemistry issues, the factors that affect the choice of production chemicals, environmental regulations, suggestions for designing greener chemicals, and a brief overview of how to remove mercury and arsenic compounds from production fluids. Each of the remaining chapters begins with an introduction to a problem for which there is a production chemical. The author discusses chemical and non-chemical methods, and then thoroughly details the structural classes of production chemicals and how they can be tested. He includes information on the use of the chemical or technique in the field. References at the end of each chapter provide details on the synthesis, testing, theory, and application of each type of chemical.

Unfortunately, crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field and how they are tested, this book focuses on the specific structures of a range of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance. It also provides an understanding of the issues involved in the use of chemicals and a range of production chemical additives that may be used to rectify issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"… covers the multitude of problems facing the production chemist in the oil industry … very readable … It is fine reference book for experienced personnel and an excellent source of information for newcomers."

—E. J. Vase, Chromatographia 2010, 72, July (No. 1/2)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420092905
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 6/25/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 622,630
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction and Environmental Issues

Production Chemistry Overview

Factors that Affect the Choice of Production Chemical

Environmental and Ecotoxicological Regulations

Designing Greener Chemicals

Mercury and Arsenic Production

References

Water and Gas Control

Introduction

Resins and Elastomers

Inorganic Gels

Cross-linked Organic Polymer Gels for Permanent Shut-ofF

Viscoelastic Surfactant Gels

Disproportionate Permeability Reducers (DPR) or Relative Permeability Modifiers (RPM)

Water Control Using Microparticles

Gas Shut-off

References

Scale Control

Introduction

Types of Scale

Non-Chemical Scale Control

Scale Inhibition of Group II Carbonates and Sulfates

Sulfide Scale Inhibition

Halite Scale Inhibition

Methods of Deploying Scale InhibitorS

Performance Testing of Scale Inhibitors

Chemical Scale Removal

References

Asphaltene Control

Introduction

Asphaltene Dispersants and Inhibitors

Low Molecular Weight, Non-polymeric Asphaltene Dispersants (ADs)

Oligomeric (Resinous) and Polymeric AIs

Summary of ADs and AIs

Asphaltene Dissolvers

References

Acid Stimulation

Introduction

Fracture Acidizing of Carbonate Formations

Matrix Acidizing

Potential Formation Damage from Acidizing

Acidizing Additives

Axial Placement of Acid Treatments

Radial Placement of Acidizing Treatments

References

Sand Control

Introduction

Chemical Sand Control

References

Control of Naphthenate and Other Carboxylate Fouling

Introduction

Naphthenate Deposition Control Using Acids

Low Dosage Naphthenate Inhibitors (LDNIs)

References

Corrosion Control During Production

Introduction

Methods of Corrosion Control

Corrosion Inhibitors

Film-forming Corrosion Inhibitors

References

Gas Hydrate Control

Introduction

Chemical Prevention of Hydrate Plugging

Gas Hydrate Plug Removal

References

Wax (Paraffin) Control

Introduction

Wax Control Strategies

Chemical Wax Removal

Chemical Wax Prevention

References

Demulsifiers

Introduction

Methods of Demulsification

Water-in-Oil Demulsifiers

References

Foam Control

Introduction

Defoamers and Anti-foams

References

Flocculants

Introduction

Theory of Flocculation

Flocculants

References

Biocides

Introduction

Chemicals for Control of Bacteria

Biocides

Biostats (Control "Biocides" or Metabolic Inhibitors)

Summary

References

Hydrogen Sulfide Scavengers

Introduction

Non-regenerative H2S Scavengers

Summary

References

Oxygen Scavengers

Introduction

Classes of Oxygen Scavengers

References

Drag Reducing Agents (DRAs)

Introduction

DRA Mechanisms

Oil-soluble DRAs

References

Appendix 1

Author Biography

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