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Programming Language Fundamentals by Example / Edition 0

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Overview

Written in an informal yet informative style, Programming Language Fundamentals by Example uses active learning techniques, giving students a professional learning experience based on professional methods applied with professional standards. It provides an understanding of the many languages and notations used in computer science, the formal models used to design phases, and the foundations of languages including linguistics and logic.

To give students a thorough, working knowledge of programming languages, this textbook uses a semester-long project in which students create a programming language. This project brings to life the concepts and theories fundamental to computer languages. The author incorporates "thinking tools" such as concept maps, matrices for analysis, and flowcharts.

Designed for fourth year undergraduates and first year graduates with enough exposure to programming to absorb the technical foundations of languages, this textbook offers a unique approach to understanding how programming languages are created and function.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780849370168
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 10/28/2006
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Edition number: 0
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

A WORD ABOUT USING THIS TEXT
Expectations for the Student and Instructor
Opening Comments
Possible Semester Course
Detailed Semester Plan
Milestone Maps

INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM
Memorandum From the President
Background
SOL
Primitive Data and Primitive Operations
Primitive Data Operations
Control Structures
Expressions
Input File Structures and File Scope
Derived Types
Scope and Persistence
Type System
Primitive Functions and Arguments
Built-in Values, Functions and Pseudo-Functions
Type Conversions
Part 1. Milestones

GENERAL INFORMATION
General Information on Milestones
Milestone Report
General Resources
Makefile Prototype
Milestone I. Learning a New Language: gForth
Milestone Requirements: Introduction to gForth
Case 1. String Representation
Introduction to gForth
Programming in gForth
Introduction to Milestone Cases
Case 2. Elementary Arithmetic Statements
Case 3. Round 2: More Arithmetic
Case 4. if, while Statements and User-Defined Functions
Case 5. Complex Data Types
Case 6. Functions
Milestone II. Lexical Structure and Scanner
Case 7. Project Management
Objectives
Professional Methods and Values
Assignment
Special Reporting Requirements
Additional Information
Scanner Design
Case 8. Designing the Tokens
Case 9. Development of Finite State Automata Definitions
Case 10. Finite State Machine Design
Scanner Design Extended
Case 11. Reasoning about Design
Work Breakdown Structure
Case 12. Scanner Work Breakdown Structure
Symbol Tables
Case 13. Symbol Table Design
Milestone III. Parsing
Objectives
Professional Methods and Values
Assignment
Case 14. Do We Have To Work Hard?
Testing Requirement
Grammars and Things Grammatical
Case 15. Conversion of FSA Graphs to Grammars
Parser Design Using Production Systems
Parser Design II
Case 16. Converting the S Production to Code
Testing the Parser: Context Free Language Generation
Case 17. Structural Induction of Words
Case 18. Developing the Parsing Grammar
Milestone IV. Type Checking
Objective
Professional Methods and Values
Assignment
Performance Objectives
Milestone Report
What is a Type?
Reasoning about Types
Case 19. Historically Important Languages
Developing Type Rules
Case 20. ML Type System
Design Issues
Developing Type-Checking Rules
Case 21. Type Conversion Matrix
Specification for the Whole Type Checker
Case 22. Form of Input
The Search Algorithm
Case 23. Should bools be allowed?
Unification and Type Checking Algorithm
Case 24. Type Checking and the Symbol Table
Case 25. Developing the Type Checking Algorithm
Milestone V. Elementary Compiling: Constants Only
Objectives
Professional Methods and Values
Assignment
Performance Objectives
String Implementation
Ifs and Whiles
Milestone Report
Milestone VI. Scoping and Local Variables
Variables and Local Values
Scoping and SOL
Case 26. Binding Times and Scope
Case 27. Scopes: Filling in the Details
Compiling Issues for SOL
Case 28. Handling Nested Scopes
Case 29. Getting to the Details: Scope and Forth
Case 30. Stack Effects
Milestone VII. User-Defined Functions
Objective
Assignment
Performance Objectives
Milestone Report
Binding the Function Name to the Function
Recursive and Non-Recursive Functions
Implementation Issues
Case 31. Passing Parameters in SOL
Case 32. Return Values
Milestone VIII. User-Defined Complex Data
Assignment
Performance Objectives
Milestone Report
Fundamental Concepts
Writing Arrays and Structures in SOL
Case 33. gForth Structures
Milestone IX. Classes and Objects
Classess and Classs
Assignment
Performance Objectives
Milestone Report
Encapsulation and Information Hiding
Inheritance
Polymorphism
Part 2. General Information

PROJECT
Class
Mind Maps

INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS
Focus Problem
Philosophy of Linguistics
Meaning: Language, Mind and World
Case 34. What Does An Infinite Loop Mean?
What is Syntax?
Case 35. What Can We Learn From A Dictionary?
Case 36. How Does What We learned Play Out In Programming Languages?
Grammar
Case 37. English Grammar with Production Rules
Case 38. Grammars in Programming Languages
Semantics
Focused SQRRR

LINGUISTICS FOR PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Meta language versus Object language
Surface Structure and Deep Structure
Case 39. What is the Proper Way to Form Java Symbols?
Case 40. What are the Parts of Speech in Java?
Case 41. How is the Syntax of Java Presented to Developers?
Case 42. Graph Models of Syntax
3. Structural Induction
Case 43. Structural Induction
Interpretation Semantics
What about Pragmatics?

WHAT IS A GENERAL STRUCTURE FOR COMPILING
A General Framework
Case 44. Merging Linguistics and Compiling
Case 45. Process Ordering
Types
Case 46. Primitive Data Types
Recap
Defining a Language
Case 47. Designing Modules
A UNIFIED APPROACH TO DESIGN
Introduction to Design
Two Elements
Using These Ideas in Design
Case 48. Match-case semantics
Design Recap

TECHNICAL FOUNDATIONS IN PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Introduction
Case 49. Early History of Programming Languages
Binding Times: When Do We Know?
Scope
Case 50. SOL Definitional Environments
The _-Calculus Model
Case 51. Argument Passing
Implementation Issues

STORAGE MANAGEMENT ISSUES
Computer Memory 261
Determining the Size Required
Case 52. Design an Algorithm to Calculate Size
Case 53. Why Does sizeof compute 16 and not 13?
Case 54. Design an Addressing Polynomial for Arrays
Case 55. Develop Extended Addressing Polynomial
Case 56. General 2-Dimensional Array Addressing Polynomial
Runtime Storage Management
Case 57. Stack Frame Manipulation
Case 58. Listing Activation Records

PERSONAL SOFTWARE DESIGN PROCESS PORTFOLIO Time Management for Computer Science Students
Case 59. Tracking Your Time Usage
Discovering How Long It Takes to Write a Program
Earned Value Computations
Appendix: Templates
Summary Information for PDSPP0
Requirements Template (RWT)
Time Recording Log (TRT)
Schedule Planning Template (SPT)
Defect Log Template (DLT)

HOW DID WE GET HERE? WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?
Looking Behind
The Role of the _-calculus
Moving Forward from 1954
From 1954 Until 1965
Programming Languages from 1965-1980
The 1980s and 1990s: The Object Oriented Paradigm
The Parallel Processing Revolution
Critique of the Present
Appendix A. Reflections by One Good Student
Milestone I
Milestone II-III
Milestone IV

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