The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book / Edition 2

The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book / Edition 2

by Charles W. Kreidler
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 1405113359

ISBN-13: 9781405113359

Pub. Date: 02/02/2004

Publisher: Wiley

The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book is an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of English. It incorporates all central aspects of research in the phonology of English and involves the reader at every step, with over 80 exercises leading students to discover facts, to formulate general statements, and to apply concepts. This revised second edition

Overview

The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book is an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of English. It incorporates all central aspects of research in the phonology of English and involves the reader at every step, with over 80 exercises leading students to discover facts, to formulate general statements, and to apply concepts. This revised second edition provides a brief history of the English language, highlighting the main native-speaker varieties that exist today. In succession, it deals with the nature of speech and phonetic description, the principles of phonological analysis, the consonants and vowels of English, and their possible sequences. It provides an extensive treatment of rhythm, stress, and intonation and the role of these prosodic elements in discourse, as well as coverage of phonological processes that make casual, conversational usage different from formal style. In addition to general updating throughout, this new edition incorporates developments in phonology since the first edition appeared. It also includes a glossary of technical terms and visual aids to assist students with little background in linguistics.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405113359
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
02/02/2004
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.16(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionxiv
About this Bookxv
1Language and Speech1
1.1Language variation1
1.2A very brief history of the English language2
1.3Speech and language4
1.4Phonological analysis9
1.5Summary11
Notes12
2Sound ... and Voice13
2.1Hearing13
2.2Energy, vibration, and medium14
2.3The measurement of vibrations15
2.4Resonance17
2.5Air in motion18
2.6The human voice18
2.7The vocal cords20
2.8The vocal tract21
2.9Kinds of speech sounds22
2.10Summary26
2.11Addendum: a note on redundancy28
Notes29
3Consonants30
3.1The feature [consonantal]32
3.2Lip consonants (labials)34
3.3Tongue-tip consonants (apicals)36
3.4Tongue-front consonants (laminals)36
3.5Tongue-back consonants (dorsals)37
3.6Summary chart37
3.7Articulators or points of articulation?38
3.8The feature [lateral]39
3.9Summary40
Notes43
4Vowels and Glides45
4.1Dialect differences46
4.2Vowel features48
4.3A general inventory and particular inventories49
4.4Phonetic descriptions51
4.5The vowel inventories of specific dialects57
4.6The incidence of vowels58
4.7The glides62
4.8Summary63
Notes67
5Syllables and Stress68
5.1Syllables68
5.2Syllable structure71
5.3Strong and weak syllables74
5.4Syllable division76
5.5Suffixes and stress79
5.6Compounds and some other words79
5.7Identifying the vowels of weak syllables82
5.8Syllabic consonants84
5.9Summary85
Notes87
6Phonotactics88
6.1Word-initial position88
6.2A note regarding /j/92
6.3Contrast and variation92
6.4Word-final position93
6.5Word-medial position96
6.6Borrowed words100
6.7Omission and insertion of a consonant100
6.8Limits on vowel occurrences101
6.9Free vowels and checked vowels103
6.10Functional loads105
6.11Summary105
Notes107
7Consonant and Vowel Variation108
7.1Variation in point of articulation109
7.2An example of mutual assimilation112
7.3Variation in lip shape113
7.4Variation in nasality113
7.5Variation in onset and release113
7.6Variation in length116
7.7Multiple variation for /t/117
7.8Some questions of perception120
7.9Summary120
Notes123
8Some Consequences of Phonotactics124
8.1Consonant clusters and some grammatical suffixes124
8.2Morpheme variation129
8.3Differences in morpheme division133
8.4Summary137
Notes139
9The Rhythm of English Speech140
9.1Prosody140
9.2Tone units143
9.3Stress timing144
9.4Marked accent: paradigmatic focus146
9.5Marked accent: syntagmatic focus148
9.6A note on 'too' and 'either'151
9.7De-accenting: anaphoric words152
9.8Lexical anaphora154
9.9De-accenting to embed an additional message156
9.10Accent on operators157
9.11Summary159
Notes161
10Intonation163
10.1Intonation and perception163
10.2The falling tunes166
10.3The rising tunes167
10.4Comparisons168
10.5Compound tunes171
10.6Summary175
Notes178
11Predicting Word Stress179
11.1Is stress predictable?179
11.2Stress rules180
11.3Neutral suffixes182
11.4Tonic endings182
11.5The basic stress rule for verbs182
11.6The basic stress rule for nouns184
11.7Rules for adjectives186
11.8Extending the basic stress rules188
11.9Some variations in stress189
11.10Mixed endings190
11.11Some 'special' endings191
11.12Summary196
Notes199
12Prefixes, Compound Words, and Phrases200
12.1Compounds200
12.2Compounds and phrases203
12.3Compound verbs206
12.4Prefixes209
12.5Greek-type compounds215
12.6A rhythm rule217
12.7Summary219
Notes222
13Phonological Processes in Speech223
13.1Full forms and reduced forms223
13.2More about phonological processes234
13.3Summary239
Notes241
14Phonological Processes and the Lexicon242
14.1Words and morphemes that change242
14.2Underlying forms and lexical processes245
14.3Checked vowel reduction246
14.4Palatalization247
14.5Alternation with zero249
14.6Spirantization251
14.7Velar softening253
14.8The sequence of rules254
14.9Change in voice256
14.10The vowel shift rule257
14.11Free and checked vowels260
14.12More about augments264
14.13Applications265
14.14Summary266
Notes272
AppendixA List of Word-endings and their Effects on Stress273
1Neutral suffixes273
2Tonic endings275
3Heavy endings275
4Light endings277
5Posttonic suffixes279
6Some special suffixes279
Glossary of Technical Terms284
Bibliography296
Index303

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >