Propellants and Explosives: Thermochemical Aspects of Combustion / Edition 2by Naminosuke Kubota
Explosives and propellants contain considerable chemical energy that can be converted into rapid expansion. In contrast to the simple burning of a fuel, explosives and propellants are self-contained and do not need an external supply of oxygen via air. Since their energy content inherently creates the risk of accidental triggering of the explosive reaction, the… See more details below
Explosives and propellants contain considerable chemical energy that can be converted into rapid expansion. In contrast to the simple burning of a fuel, explosives and propellants are self-contained and do not need an external supply of oxygen via air. Since their energy content inherently creates the risk of accidental triggering of the explosive reaction, the correct synthesis, formulation, and handling during production and use are of utmost importance for safety, necessitating specialist knowledge on energetic materials, their characteristics, handling and applications.
This second edition of the classic on the thermochemistry of combustion covers the thermochemical and combustion characteristics of all important types of energetic materials, such as explosives, propellants, and the new class of pyrolants, as well as related phenomena. Addressing both experimental as well as theoretical aspects, it presents the fundamental bases of the energetics of materials, deflagration and detonation, thermochemical process of decomposition and combustion, plus combustion wave structures. The book also goes on to discuss the combustion mechanisms of various types of energetic materials, propellants, and explosives, based on the heat transfer process in the combustion waves. The burning rate models are also presented as an aid to understanding the rate-controlling steps of combustion processes, thus demonstrating the relationships of burning rate versus pressure and initial temperature.
Also new to this edition are five additional chapters providing updated coverage of significant recent developments in the field, as well as the major topic of such propulsion methods as duct rockets, ramjets, pulse motors and thrusters, while appendices on flow field dynamics and shock wave propagation have also been added.
From the reviews of the first edition:
"Propellants and Explosives provides a good survey of a field that is far from simple. The essential facts are presented systematically and in a clearly understandable way, helped by many figures and photographs...The book will provide the interested reader with an easy introduction to this complex subject." Angewandte Chemie Intl. Ed.
Dr. Kubota received a Doctorate from Princeton University in 1973, majoring in "Solid Propellant Combustion" and "Rocket Propulsion including Ducted Rocket Engine". His current position is Senior Research Scientist of Propellant Combustion Laboratory, Asahi Kasei
Chemicals. Previously, he was Director, Third Research Center, Technical Research and Development Institute (TRDI), Japan Defense Agency, which is responsible for aircraft and missiles.
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- 2nd, Completely Revised and Extended Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 6.93(w) x 9.53(h) x 1.24(d)
Table of ContentsPreface.
Preface to the Second Edition.
1 Foundations of Pyrodynamics.
1.1 Heat and Pressure.
1.2 Thermodynamics in a Flow Field.
1.3 Formation of Propulsive Forces.
1.4 Formation of Destructive Forces.
2 Thermochemistry of Combustion.
2.1 Generation of Heat Energy.
2.2 Adiabatic Flame Temperature.
2.3 Chemical Reaction.
2.4 Evaluation of Chemical Energy.
3 Combustion Wave Propagation.
3.1 Combustion Reactions.
3.2 Combustion Wave of a Premixed Gas.
3.3 Structures of Combustion Waves.
3.4 Ignition Reactions.
3.5 Combustion Waves of Energetic Materials.
4 Energetics of Propellants and Explosives.
4.1 Crystalline Materials.
4.2 Polymeric Materials.
4.3 Classification of Propellants and Explosives.
4.4 Formulation of Propellants.
4.5 Nitropolymer Propellants.
4.6 Composite Propellants.
4.7 Composite-Modified Double-Base Propellants.
4.8 Black Powder.
4.9 Formulation of Explosives.
5 Combustion of Crystalline and Polymeric Materials.
5.1 Combustion of Crystalline Materials.
5.2 Combustion of Polymeric Materials.
6 Combustion of Double-Base Propellants.
6.1 Combustion of NC-NG Propellants.
6.2 Combustion of NC-TMETN Propellants.
6.3 Combustion of Nitro-Azide Propellants.
6.4 Catalyzed Double-Base Propellants.
7 Combustion of Composite Propellants.
7.1 AP Composite Propellants.
7.2 Nitramine Composite Propellants.
7.3 AP-Nitramine Composite Propellants.
7.4 TAGN-GAP Composite Propellants.
7.5 AN-Azide Polymer Composite Propellants.
7.6 AP-GAP Composite Propellants.
7.7 ADN , HNF, and HNIW Composite Propellants.
8 Combustion of CMDB Propellants.
8.1 Characteristics of CMDB Propellants.
8.2 AP-CMDB Propellants.
8.3 Nitramine-CMDB Propellants.
8.4 Plateau Burning of Catalyzed HMX-CMDB Propellants.
9 Combustion of Explosives.
9.1 Detonation Characteristics.
9.2 Density and Detonation Velocity.
9.3 Critical Diameter.
9.4 Applications of Detonation Phenomena.
10 Formation of Energetic Pyrolants.
10.1 Differentiation of Propellants, Explosives, and Pyrolants.
10.2 Energetics of Pyrolants.
10.3 Energetics of Elements.
10.4 Selection Criteria of Chemicals.
10.5 Oxidizer Components.
10.6 Fuel Components.
10.7 Metal Azides.
11 Combustion Propagation of Pyrolants.
11.1 Physicochemical Structures of Combustion Waves.
11.2 Combustion of Metal Particles.
11.3 Black Powder.
11.4 Li-SF6 Pyrolants.
11.5 Zr Pyrolants.
11.6 Mg-Tf Pyrolants.
11.7 B-KNO3 Pyrolants.
11.8 Ti-KNO3 and Zr-KNO3 Pyrolants.
11.9 Metal-GAP Pyrolants.
11.10 Ti-C Pyrolants.
11.11 NaN3 Pyrolants.
11.12 GAP-AN Pyrolants.
11.13 Nitramine Pyrolants.
11.14 B-AP Pyrolants.
11.15 Friction Sensitivity of Pyrolants.
12 Emission from Combustion Products.
12.1 Fundamentals of Light Emission.
12.2 Light Emission from Flames.
12.3 Smoke Emission.
12.4 Smokeless Pyrolants.
12.5 Smoke Characteristics of Pyrolants.
12.6 Smoke and Flame Characteristics of Rocket Motors.
12.7 HCl Reduction from AP Propellants.
12.8 Reduction of Infrared Emission from Combustion Products.
13 Transient Combustion of Propellants and Pyrolants.
13.1 Ignition Transient.
13.2 Ignition for Combustion.
13.3 Erosive Burning Phenomena.
13.4 Combustion Instability.
13.5 Combustion under Acceleration.
13.6 Wired Propellant Burning.
14 Rocket Thrust Modulation.
14.1 Combustion Phenomena in a Rocket Motor.
14.2 Dual-Thrust Motor.
14.2.3 Dual-Grain Dual-Thrust Motor.
14.4 Erosive Burning in a Rocket Motor.
14.5 Nozzleless Rocket Motor.
14.6 Gas-Hybrid Rockets.
15 Ducted Rocket Propulsion.
15.1 Fundamentals of Ducted Rocket Propulsion.
15.2 Design Parameters of Ducted Rockets.
15.3 Performance Analysis of Ducted Rockets.
15.4 Principle of the Variable Fuel-Flow Ducted Rocket.
15.5 Energetics of Gas-Generating Pyrolants.
15.6 Combustion Tests for Ducted Rockets.
Appendix A: List of Abbreviations of Energetic Materials.
Appendix B: Mass and Heat Transfer in a Combustion Wave.
B.1 Conservation Equations at a Steady State in a One-Dimensional Flow Field.
B.2 Generalized Conservation Equations at a Steady-State in a Flow Field.
Appendix C: Shock Wave Propagation in a Two-Dimensional Flow Field.
C.1 Oblique Shock Wave.
C.2 Expansion Wave.
C.3 Diamond Shock Wave.
Appendix D: Supersonic Air-Intake.
D.1 Compression Characteristics of Diffusers.
D.2 Air-Intake System.
Appendix E: Measurements of Burning Rate and Combustion Wave Structure.
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