Proposed Roads to Freedom

Proposed Roads to Freedom

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by Bertrand Russell
     
 

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Marx And Socialist Doctrine

SOCIALISM, like everything else that is vital, is rather a tendency than a strictly definable body of doctrine. A definition of Socialism is sure either to include some views which many would regard as not Socialistic, or to exclude others which claim to be included. But I think we shall come nearest to the essence of Socialism by…  See more details below

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Marx And Socialist Doctrine

SOCIALISM, like everything else that is vital, is rather a tendency than a strictly definable body of doctrine. A definition of Socialism is sure either to include some views which many would regard as not Socialistic, or to exclude others which claim to be included. But I think we shall come nearest to the essence of Socialism by defining it as the advocacy of communal ownership of land and capital. Communal ownership may mean ownership by a democratic State, but cannot be held to include ownership by any State which is not democratic. Communal ownership may also be understood, as Anarchist Communism understands it, in the sense of ownership by the free association of the men and women in a community without those compulsory powers which are necessary to constitute a State. Some Socialists expect communal ownership to arrive suddenly and completely by a catastrophic revolution, while others expect it to come gradually, first in one industry, then in another. Some insist upon the necessity of completeness in the acquisition of land and capital by the public, while others would be content to see lingering islands of private ownership, provided they were not too extensive or powerful. What all forms have in common is democracy and the abolition, virtual or complete, of the present capitalistic system. The distinction between Socialists, Anarchists and Syndicalists turns largely upon the kind of democracy which they desire. Orthodox Socialists are content with parliamentary democracy in the sphere of government, holding that the evils apparent in this form of constitution at present would disappear with the disappearance of capitalism. Anarchists and Syndicalists, on the other hand, object to the whole parliamentary machinery, and aim at a different method of regulating the political affairs of the community. But all alike are democratic in the sense that they aim at abolishing every kind of privilege and every kind of artificial inequality: all alike are champions of the wage-earner in existing society. All three also have much in common in their economic doctrine. All three regard capital and the wages system as a means of exploiting the laborer in the interests of the possessing classes, and hold that communal ownership, in one form or another, is the only means of bringing freedom to the producers. But within the framework of this common doctrine there are many divergences, and even among those who are strictly to be called Socialists, there is a very considerable diversity of schools.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
2940148391159
Publisher:
Hillside Publishing
Publication date:
01/11/2015
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Format:
NOOK Book
File size:
163 KB

Meet the Author

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 � 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, religious sceptic, social reformer, socialist and pacifist. Although he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died. Russell led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his prot�g� Wittgenstein and his elder Frege. He co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy." Both works have had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics and analytic philosophy. He was a prominent anti-war activist, championing free trade between nations and anti-imperialism. Russell was imprisoned for his pacifist activism during World War I, campaigned against Adolf Hitler, for nuclear disarmament, criticised Soviet totalitarianism and the United States of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought." Source Wikipedia.
Also available
Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1918)
The Problems of Philosophy (1912)
Political Ideals (1917)

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Proposed Roads To Freedom (Large Print Edition) 4.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 6 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Pshhhhhhh copy cats
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Ghoststar turned to Gleaminstar. "I'm happy to say that it's wonderful to be reunited with old friends. You have a fine clan."
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Stormfire pads in, dropping three mice on the freshkill pile.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
She dipped her head in respect, padding off to her den.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
"That thick-headed mousebrain has got to learn he can't always pin misfortunes on someone else." She shook her head disapprovingly, her neck bent downward ever so slightly.
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