A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology / Edition 1

A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology / Edition 1

by Diane Brentari
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262024454

ISBN-13: 9780262024457

Pub. Date: 02/16/1999

Publisher: MIT Press

This book is intended in part to provide linguists and cognitive scientists who do not know sign language with a point of entry into the study of sign language phonology. At the same time, it presents a comprehensive theory of American Sign Language (ASL) phonology, while reviewing and building on alternative theories. One claim of this theoretical framework is

Overview

This book is intended in part to provide linguists and cognitive scientists who do not know sign language with a point of entry into the study of sign language phonology. At the same time, it presents a comprehensive theory of American Sign Language (ASL) phonology, while reviewing and building on alternative theories. One claim of this theoretical framework is that, because of sign language's visual/gestural phonetic basis, the consonant-like units and vowel-like units are expressed simultaneously with one another, rather than sequentially as in spoken languages. A second claim is that movements operate as the most basic prosodic units of the language. The author is concerned to show both the similarities and differences between signed and spoken languages, and to indicate some directions for future work in cognitive science that can be derived from her phonological model.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262024457
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
02/16/1999
Series:
Language, Speech, and Communication
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
396
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface
Notational Conventions and Abbreviations
Chapter 1
____________________________________
Goals of the Model
1.1 General Introduction
1.2 Introduction to Sign Structures
1.3 Overview of the Prosodic Model
Chapter 2
____________________________________
The Use of ConstraintBased Frameworks and Prosodic Units in Analyses
of Sign Languages
2.1 General Assumptions
2.2 How ConstraintBased Models Operate
2.3 Feature Geometry and Dependency Phonology
2.4 The PhoneticsPhonology Interface and Enhancement Theory
2.5 Markedness
2.6 The Syllable and the Prosodic Word
2.7 The Relationship between Native and Nonnative Components of the ASL
LeXicon
2.8 The Prosodic Model in the ConteXt of Other Models of Sign
Language Phonology
Chapter 3
____________________________________
Inherent Features
3.1 A Feature Geometry for ASL
3.2 The Traditional ASL Parameters and Their Relationship to Class Nodes
3.3 The Structure of the Inherent Features: Articulator and Place
3.4 Handshape Inventories, Redundancy, and Markedness
3.5 Place of Articulation
3.6 The Orientation Relation
3.7 Nonterminal Features
3.8 Conclusion
Chapter 4
____________________________________
Prosodic Features
4.1 Introduction to Movement Types
4.2 Movement Migration: ProXimalization and Distalization
4.3 Path Features
4.4 Setting Changes
4.5 Orientation Changes
4.6 Handshape Changes
4.7 An ArticulatorFree Feature: [Trilled Movement]
4.8 Nonmanual Prosodic Features
4.9 Conclusion
Chapter 5
____________________________________
Timing Units
5.1 Definition of Timing Units in the Prosodic Model
5.2 ThreeSegment Slots or Two?
5.3 TwoMovement Stems
5.4 Phonological Operations Involving Timing Units: PhraseFinal
Lengthening
5.5 A Morphophonemic Operation Using Timing Units: A Linearly
Ordered AffiX in ASL[Delayed Completive]
5.6 Sequential Movements Are Syllables
5.7 Conclusion
Chapter 6
____________________________________
CompleXity, Sonority, and Weight in ASL Syllables
6.1 CompleXity in Inherent and Prosodic Branches of Structure
6.2 Prosodic CompleXity as Visual Sonority
6.3 Grammatical Uses of Visual Sonority in Syllables
6.4 Subsyllabic Units of Prosodic Analysis
6.5 Weight Units and Their Interaction with Syntactic Constituents
6.6 Conclusion
Chapter 7
____________________________________
The Structure of TwoHanded Signs
7.1 The Importance of TwoHanded Signs in a General Description of
Sign Language Phonology
7.2 Alternative Accounts of H2
7.3 Arguments Supporting a Single Structure for TwoHanded Signs
7.4 The Prosodic Model's Structure for H2
7.5 An OptimalityTheoretic Account of Weak Drop
7.6 Alternative Accounts of H2
Revisited
7.7 H2 as a Prosodic Unit
7.8 Conclusion and Residual Issues
Chapter 8
____________________________________
Contributions of Sign Language Phonology to Phonological Theory and
Cognitive Science
8.1 The Prosodic Model Revisited
8.2 Constraints, Inventories, and the LeXicon
8.3 Units of Phonological Analysis
8.4 Similarities between the Architecture of the Visual System and the
Prosodic Model
8.5 Conclusion
AppendiX A
____________________________________
The Letters of the ASL Manual Alphabet Labeled [FleXed] or NonfleXed
AppendiX B
____________________________________
Verb Forms That Do and Do Not Allow the [Delayed Completive] Aspect
AppendiX C
____________________________________
Forms That Undergo Reduplicative Nominalization
AppendiX D
____________________________________
Descriptive Categories of TwoHanded Signs According to Their Ability
to Undergo Weak Drop
Notes
References
IndeX of Illustrated Signs
General IndeX

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