Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric / Edition 2

Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric / Edition 2

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by Edward Schiappa
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1570035210

ISBN-13: 9781570035210

Pub. Date: 12/28/2003

Publisher: University of South Carolina Press

Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and

Overview

Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century.

In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781570035210
Publisher:
University of South Carolina Press
Publication date:
12/28/2003
Series:
Studies in Rhetoric/Communication
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
270
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.61(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Editionx
Preface to the First Editionxii
Acknowledgmentsxiii
Translations and Abbreviationsxv
Part IProlegomenon to the Study of Early Greek Rhetorical Theory1
Chapter 1Why a Study of Protagoras?3
Defining "Sophist"3
Protagoras' Significance12
Chapter 2Interpreting Ancient Fragments20
Problems Facing the Modern Interpreter21
Literacy and Greek Philosophy24
Four Hermeneutic Principles32
Chapter 3The "Invention" of Rhetoric39
Did Plato Coin Rhetorike?40
The "Invention" Myths Reconsidered49
Sophistic Teaching Reconsidered54
Chapter 4Toward an Understanding of Sophistic Theories of Rhetoric64
Historical Reconstruction and Contemporary Appropriation64
Poulakos' Sophistic Definition of Rhetoric69
Toward Individualistic Studies of the Sophists77
Part IIAnalysis of the Major Fragments of Protagoras87
Chapter 5The Two-Logoi Fragment89
The Subjective and Heraclitean Interpretations90
The Advancement of Heraclitean Thought95
Translation and Interpretation98
Chapter 6The "Stronger and Weaker" Logoi Fragment103
The Pejorative Interpretation104
The Positive Interpretation107
The Evidence of Aristophanes' Clouds110
Protagoras' Influence on Plato and Aristotle113
Chapter 7The "Human-Measure" Fragment117
Reconsidering the Standard Translation118
The Fragment as a Response to Parmenides121
A Defense of Relativity126
Chapter 8The "Impossible to Contradict" Fragment134
Competing Interpretations of Ouk Estin Antilegein134
Positive Contributions of Ouk Estin Antilegein138
Chapter 9The "Concerning the Gods" Fragment141
Agnosticism or Anthropology?143
Two More Protagorean Fragments149
Part IIIProtagoras and Early Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric155
Chapter 10Protagoras and Fifth-Century Education157
The Mythic-Poetic Tradition157
Providing a Logos of Logos162
Protagoras and Civic Arete168
Chapter 11Protagoras, Logos, and the Polis175
Protagoras and Periclean Democracy176
Protagoras' Vision of the Polis180
Chapter 12Protagoras "versus" Plato and Aristotle190
The Refutation of Protagoras190
Rejection or Assimilation?193
Chapter 13Protagoras' Legacy to Rhetorical Theory197
Summary of Contributions198
Conclusion200
Afterword205
Rhetorical Salience and Role of Theory206
Plato, Rhetorike, and the Sophists212
Appendix AChronology of Protagoras' Life217
Appendix BData from the TLG Search for [characters not reproducible]219
Appendix CThree Spurious Attributions226
Bibliography230
Index247

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Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
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