Protecting Public Health and the Environment: Implementing the Precautionary Principle

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<p>The movement toward creating more sustainable communities has been growing for decades, and in recent years has gained new prominence with theincreasing visibility of planning approaches such as the New Urbanism. Yet there are few examples of successful and time-tested sustainable communities.<p>Village Homes outside of Davis, California offers one such example. Built between 1975 and 1981 on 60 acres of land, it offers unique features including extensive common areas and green space; community gardens, orchards, and vineyards; narrow streets; pedestrian and bike paths; solar homes; and an innovative ecological drainage system. Authors Michael and Judy Corbett were intimately involved with the design, development, and building of Village Homes, and have resided there since 1977.<p>In Designing Sustainable Communities, they examine the history of the sustainable community movement and discuss how Village Homes fits into the context of that movement. They offer an inside look at the development of the project from start to finish, describing how the project came about, obstacles that needed to be overcome, design approaches they took, problems that were encountered and how those problems were solved, and changes that have occurred over the years. In addition, they compare Village Homes with other communities and developments across the country, and discuss the future prospects for the continued growth of the sustainable communities movement.<p>The book offers detailed information on a holistic approach to designing and building successful communities. It represents an invaluable guide for professionals and students involved with planning, architecture, development, and landscape architecture, and for anyone interested increating more sustainable communities.<p>
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Editorial Reviews

When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established. This idea is known as the precautionary principle. In 1998, the Wingspread Conference on Implementing the Precautionary Principle was convened to discuss ways of incorporating the precautionary approach into environmental and public health decision making. Papers from the conference focus on the contexts under which the principle developed, its basis, and how it could be implemented. Raffensperger is coordinator for the Science and Environmental Health Network based in Windsor, North Dakota. Tickner is a research associate at Lowell Center for Sustainable Production at the University of Massachusetts. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781559636889
  • Publisher: Island Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/1999
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 411
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface: Establishing A General Duty of Precaution In Environmental Protection Policies in the United States
Introduction: To Foresee and To Forestall
PART I. An Overview of the Precautionary Principle
Chapter 1. The Precautionary Principle in Contemporary Environmental Policy and Politics
Chapter 2. The Precautionary Principle in Practice: A Mandate for Anticipatory Preventative Action
Chapter 3. The Precautionary Approach to Chemicals Management: A Swedish Perspective
PART II. Law and Theory
Chapter 4. Asymmetric Information, the Precautionary Principle, and Burdens of Proof
Chapter 5. The Precautionary Principle as a Screening Device
Chapter 6. Precautionary Science
Chapter 7. The Political Economy of Precaution
Chapter 8. Precaution and Respect
PART III. Integrating Precaution into Policy
Chapter 9. A Map toward Precautionary Decision Making
Chapter 10. Applying the Precautionary Principle in Practice: Natural Heritage Conservation in Scotland
Chapter 11. A Conceptual Framework for the Use of the Precautionary Principle in Law
Chapter 12. Alternatives Assessment: Part of Operationalizing and Institutionalizing the Precautionary Principle
Chapter 13. Environmental Bonds: Implementing the Precautionary Principle in Environmental Policy
Chapter 14. The Precautionary Principle and Corporate Disclosure
Chapter 15. Practicing the Principle
Chapter 16. How Much Information Do We Need Before Exercising Precaution?
PART IV. The Precautionary Principle in Action
Chapter 17. Can We Say 'Yes'? to Agriculture Using the Precautionary Principle: A Farmer's Perspective
Chapter 18. Precautionary Action Not Taken: Corporate Structure and the Case Study of Tetraethyl Lead In The U.S.A.
Chapter 19. Manganese in Gasoline: A Case Study of the Need for Precautionary Action
Chapter 20. Cleaner Production and the Precautionary Principle
Chapter 21. The Precautionary Principle: Application to Policies Regarding Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
Appendix A: Lessons from Wingspread
Appendix B: Uses of the Precautionary Principle in International Treaties and Agreements in U.S. Legislation
Afterword: Why the Precautionary Principle? A Meditation on Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and the Breasts of Mothers
About the Contributors
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