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Bringing together an extraordinary richness of evidence—from letters, diaries, and other intimate family records of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries—Philip Greven explores the strikingly distinctive ways in which Protestant children were reared in America. In tracing the hidden continuities of religious experience, of attitudes toward God, children, the self, sexuality, pleasure, virtue, and achievement, Greven identifies three distinct Protestant temperaments prevailing among Americans at the time: the ...
Bringing together an extraordinary richness of evidence—from letters, diaries, and other intimate family records of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries—Philip Greven explores the strikingly distinctive ways in which Protestant children were reared in America. In tracing the hidden continuities of religious experience, of attitudes toward God, children, the self, sexuality, pleasure, virtue, and achievement, Greven identifies three distinct Protestant temperaments prevailing among Americans at the time: the Evangelical, the Moderate, and the General. The Protestant Temperament is a powerful reassessment of the role of child-rearing and religion in early American life.
Part One - Prologue
I. Patterns for the Past A Historian's Past: Patterns of Thought and Religious Belief in Early America The Persistence of Piety Temperament and the Self Childhood, Temperament, and Religious Experience Toward a New Paradigm Part Two - The Evangelicals: The Self Suppressed
II. Authoritarian Families: Modes of Evangelical Child-Rearing
Pious Parents, Precious Mothers The Household Embryo-Angels or Infant Fiends?
Broken Wills: Discipline and Parental Control Regular Methods of Living: External Discipline in Evangelical Households Shaping the Evangelical Conscience: Shame, Guilt, and Inner Discipline The Vanities, Pleasures, and Sins of Youth: The Emergence of Self and Self-Will III. "A Habitation of Dragons": Themes of Evangelical Temperaments and Piety The New Birth
"Our Loathsome Corruption and Pollution": Attitudes Toward the Body
"That Monster, Self"
Broken Wills and Tender Hearts Authoritarian Temperaments: Evangelical Responses to Power Soldiers for Christ: Anger, Aggression, and Enemies Brides of Christ: Femininity, Masculinity, and Sexuality The Quest for Purity
Part Three - The Moderates: The Self Controlled
IV. Authoritative Families: Moderate Modes of Child-Rearing The Household Setting Innocent Infants Bending the Will: Moderate Discipline and Voluntary Obedience
"Planting the Seeds of Virtue" in Childhood and Youth Love and Duty: The Obligations of Connection V. Sober, Virtuous, and Pious People: Themes of Moderate Temperaments and Piety A Sense of Connections: Organicism and the Chain of Being
"This Contrariety in Man": The Frailties of Human Nature Self-Approbation and Self-Love
"The Due Government of the Passions": Self-Control and the Temperate Self-Denial
"The Liberty of the Human Will"
"Habits of Piety and Virtue"
The Renovation of Nature and the Growth of Grace
"The Bewitching Charms of Despotic Sovereignty": The Boundaries of Power
"The Choice of Hercules": Manliness or Effeminacy?
Unbounded Passions: Ambition, Avarice, and Anger Diversity and Order in Church and Community
Part Four - The Genteel: The Self Asserted
VI. Affectionate Families: Genteel Modes of Child-Rearing
"Our Family Circle"
"Children Much Indulged"
Surrogate Parents: Nurses and Servants in the Genteel Household
"To Curb Their Children Is to Spoil Their Genius"
From Feminine to Masculine: The Emergence of a Young Gentleman
"The Great School of the World": Educating Young Gentlemen To Become "a Notable Housewife" and "Mother": Educating Young Ladies
"One Continued Scene of Idleness and Dissipation": The Pleasures of Genteel Youth VII. "A Polite and Hospitable People": Themes of Genteel Temperaments and Piety Unexamined Selves: The Outward Turning of Consciousness The Self Indulged
Part Five - Epilogue
VIII. The Clash of Temperaments: Some Reflections on the First American Civil War
"An American Monarchy or Republic?"
Mother Country, Father-King: Perceptions of Power and Authority The Nature of Liberty Effeminate or Manly?: Seduction, Temptation, and Political Paranoia A Revolution of Saints The Republic of Virtue Rejected Abbreviations Notes Permissions Sources Index
Posted October 26, 2008
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