Prudence and Pressure: Reproduction and Human Agency in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900
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Prudence and Pressure: Reproduction and Human Agency in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

by Noriko O. Tsuya, Feng Wang, George Alter, James Z. Lee
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262013525

ISBN-13: 9780262013529

Pub. Date: 02/26/2010

Publisher: MIT Press

This pioneering study reconceptualizes the impact of social organizations, economic conditions, and human agency on human reproduction in preindustrial communities in Europe and Asia. Unlike previous studies, in which Asia is meeasured by European standards, Prudence and Pressure develops a Eurasian perspective. Drawing on rich new data and the tools of

Overview

This pioneering study reconceptualizes the impact of social organizations, economic conditions, and human agency on human reproduction in preindustrial communities in Europe and Asia. Unlike previous studies, in which Asia is meeasured by European standards, Prudence and Pressure develops a Eurasian perspective. Drawing on rich new data and the tools of event-history analysis, the authors challenge the accepted Eurocentric Malthusian view that attributes
"prudence" (smaller families due to late marriage) to the preindustrial
West and "pressure" (high mortality due to overpopulation) to the East,
showing instead important similarities between Europe and Asia in human motivation and population behavior. The authors analyze age, gender, family and household,
kinship, social class and power, religion, culture, and economic resources in order to compare reproductive strategies and outcomes. They reveal underlying similarities between East and West in two major components of the reproductive regime--marriage and childbearing--and offer evidence showing that preindustrial reproduction was motivated and governed by human agency at least as much as by human biology.
Prudence and Pressure is part of a large-scale interdisciplinary effort to use new data and methods to re-examine the Malthusian paradigm of population growth. It represents a significant advance in the fields of historical demography, history,
and sociology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262013529
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
02/26/2010
Series:
Eurasian Population and Family History
Pages:
380
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

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